Famous people on Moldova's street names


Stephen the Great

Stephen the Great 109 Stephen III, commonly known as Stephen the Great ; died on 2 July 1504), was Voivode of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504. He was the son of and co-ruler with Bogdan II, who was murdered in 1451 in a conspiracy organized by his brother and Stephen's uncle Peter III Aaron, who took the throne. Stephen fled to Hungary, and later to Wallachia; with the support of Vlad III Țepeș, Voivode of Wallachia, he returned to Moldavia, forcing Aaron to seek refuge in Poland in the summer of 1457. Teoctist I, Metropolitan of Moldavia, anointed Stephen prince. He attacked Poland and prevented Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland, from supporting Peter Aaron, but eventually acknowledged Casimir's suzerainty in 1459.

Mihai Eminescu

Mihai Eminescu 65 Mihai Eminescu was a Romanian Romantic poet from Moldavia, novelist, and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet. Eminescu was an active member of the Junimea literary society and worked as an editor for the newspaper Timpul, the official newspaper of the Conservative Party (1880–1918). His poetry was first published when he was 16 and he went to Vienna, Austria to study when he was 19. The poet's manuscripts, containing 46 volumes and approximately 14,000 pages, were offered by Titu Maiorescu as a gift to the Romanian Academy during the meeting that was held on 25 January 1902. Notable works include Luceafărul, Odă în metru antic, and the five Letters (Epistles/Satires). In his poems, he frequently used metaphysical, mythological and historical subjects.

Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin 61 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Vladimir Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as the first and founding head of government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917 until his death in 1924, and of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death. Under his administration, Russia, and later the Soviet Union, became a one-party socialist state governed by the Communist Party. Ideologically a Marxist, his developments to the ideology are called Leninism.

Ion Creangă

Ion Creangă 39 Ion Creangă was a Moldavian, later Romanian writer, raconteur and schoolteacher. A main figure in 19th-century Romanian literature, he is best known for his Childhood Memories volume, his novellas and short stories, and his many anecdotes. Creangă's main contribution to fantasy and children's literature includes narratives structured around eponymous protagonists, as well as fairy tales indebted to conventional forms. Widely seen as masterpieces of the Romanian language and local humor, his writings occupy the middle ground between a collection of folkloric sources and an original contribution to a literary realism of rural inspiration. They are accompanied by a set of contributions to erotic literature, collectively known as his "corrosives".

Vasile Alecsandri

Vasile Alecsandri 28 Vasile Alecsandri was a Romanian patriot, poet, dramatist, politician and diplomat. He was one of the key figures during the 1848 revolutions in Moldavia and Wallachia. He fought for the unification of the Romanian Principalities, writing "Hora Unirii" in 1856 and giving up his candidacy for the title of prince of Moldavia, in favor of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. He became the first minister of foreign affairs of Romania and was one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy. Alecsandri was a prolific writer, contributing to Romanian literature with poetry, prose, several plays, and collections of Romanian folklore, being considered, alongside Mihai Eminescu, which admired and was inspired by the writings of Alecsandri, as one of the most important Romanian writers in the second half of the 19th century.

Dimitrie Cantemir

Dimitrie Cantemir 26 Dimitrie or Demetrius Cantemir, also known by other spellings, was a Moldavian prince, statesman, and man of letters. He twice served as voivode of Moldavia. During his second term he allied his state with Russia in a war against Moldavia's Ottoman overlords; Russia's defeat forced Cantemir's family into exile and the replacement of the native voivodes by Greek phanariots. Cantemir was also a prolific writer, variously a philosopher, historian, composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer. His son Antioch, Russia's ambassador to Great Britain and France and a friend of Montesquieu and Voltaire, would become known as "the father of Russian poetry".

Yuri Gagarin

Yuri Gagarin 26 Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut who, aboard the first successful crewed spaceflight, became the first human to journey into outer space. Travelling on Vostok 1, Gagarin completed one orbit of Earth on 12 April 1961, with his flight taking 108 minutes. By achieving this major milestone for the Soviet Union amidst the Space Race, he became an international celebrity and was awarded many medals and titles, including the nation's highest distinction: Hero of the Soviet Union.

Alexander the Good

Alexander the Good 25 Alexander I, commonly known as Alexander the Good was Voivode of Moldavia between 1400 and 1432. He was the son of Roman I and succeeded Iuga to the throne. As ruler he initiated a series of reforms while consolidating the status of the Principality of Moldavia.

Mikhail Frunze

Mikhail Frunze 25 Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze was a Soviet revolutionary, politician, army officer and military theorist. Born to a Bessarabian father and a Russian mother in Russian Turkestan, Frunze attended the Saint Petersburg Polytechnical University and became an active member of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). Following the RSDLP ideological split, he sided with Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction. He led the textile workers strike in Ivanovo during the 1905 Russian Revolution, for which he was later sentenced to death before being commuted to life-long hard labour in Siberia. He escaped ten years later and took active part in the 1917 February Revolution in Minsk and the October Revolution in Moscow.

Alexei Mateevici

Alexei Mateevici 24 Alexei Mateevici was one of the most prominent Romanian poets in Bessarabia.                       

Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin 22 Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era. He is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet, as well as the founder of modern Russian literature.


Decebalus 21 Decebalus, sometimes referred to as Diurpaneus, was the last Dacian king. He is famous for fighting three wars, with varying success, against the Roman Empire under two emperors. After raiding south across the Danube, he defeated a Roman invasion in the reign of Domitian, securing a period of independence during which Decebalus consolidated his rule.

Nicolae Testemițanu

Nicolae Testemițanu 18 Nicolae Testemițanu was a Moldovan and Soviet surgeon, hygienist, and politician.                   

Michael the Brave

Michael the Brave 17 Michael the Brave, born as Mihai Pătrașcu, was the Prince of Wallachia, Prince of Moldavia (1600) and de facto ruler of Transylvania (1599–1600). He is considered one of Romania's greatest national heroes. Since the 19th century, Michael the Brave has been regarded by Romanian nationalists as a symbol of Romanian unity, as his reign marked the first time all principalities inhabited by Romanians were under the same ruler.

Sergey Lazo

Sergey Lazo 16 Sergey Georgiyevich Lazo was a Russian nobleman, officer of the Imperial Russian Army, and Bolshevik leader in the October 1917 Revolution in the Russian Far East.

Miron Costin

Miron Costin 15 Miron Costin was a Moldavian (Romanian) political figure and chronicler. His main work, Letopiseţul Ţărâi Moldovei [de la Aron Vodă încoace] was meant to extend Grigore Ureche's narrative, covering events from 1594 to 1660. The Chronicles were first published in 1675.

Vasile Lupu

Vasile Lupu 14 Lupu Coci, known as Vasile Lupu, was a Voivode of Moldavia of Albanian and Greek origin between 1634 and 1653. Lupu had secured the Moldavian throne in 1634 after a series of complicated intrigues and managed to hold it for twenty years. Vasile was a capable administrator and a brilliant financier and was soon almost the richest man in the Christian East. His gifts to Ottoman leaders kept him on good terms with the Ottoman authorities.

Ion Soltîs

Ion Soltîs 14 Ion Soltîs a fost un militar sovietic, participant al celui de-Al Doilea Război Mondial și Erou al Uniunii Sovietice. A fost distins printr-un decret al prezidiului Sovietului Suprem al URSS din 10 aprilie 1945.

Maxim Gorky

Maxim Gorky 13 Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, popularly known as Maxim Gorky, was a Russian and Soviet writer and socialism proponent. He was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Before his success as an author, he travelled widely across the Russian Empire changing jobs frequently, experiences which would later influence his writing.

Boris Glavan

Boris Glavan 13 Boris Glavan a fost un partizan sovietic moldovean, participant activ al mișcării clandestine în timpul celui de-al doilea război mondial. A fost membru al organizației clandesitine anti-fasciste „Garda tânără”.

Constantin Stamati

Constantin Stamati 13 Constantin Stamati was a Romanian/Moldovan writer and translator. Born in Romania, he settled in Chişinău, Bessarabia after the 1812 partition of Moldavia at the end of the Russo-Turkish War.

Alecu Donici

Alecu Donici 13 Alecu Donici was a Moldavian, later Romanian poet and translator.                                   


Burebista 11 Burebista was the king of the Getae and Dacian tribes from 82/61 BC to 45/44 BC. He was the first king who successfully unified the tribes of the Dacian kingdom, which comprised the area located between the Danube, Tisza, and Dniester rivers, and modern day Romania and Moldova. In the 7th and 6th centuries BC it became home to the Thracian peoples, including the Getae and the Dacians. From the 4th century to the middle of the 2nd century BC the Dacian peoples were influenced by La Tène Celts who brought new technologies with them into Dacia. Sometime in the 2nd century BC, the Dacians expelled the Celts from their lands. Dacians often warred with neighbouring tribes, but the relative isolation of the Dacian peoples in the Carpathian Mountains allowed them to survive and even to thrive. By the 1st century BC the Dacians had become the dominant power.

Alexander Matrosov

Alexander Matrosov 11 Alexander Matveyevich Matrosov was a Soviet infantry soldier during the Second World War, posthumously awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union for blocking a German machine-gun with his body.

Ivan Michurin (biologist)

Ivan Michurin (biologist) 11 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin was a Russian practitioner of selection to produce new types of crop plants, Honorable Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, and academician of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agriculture.

Mihail Sadoveanu

Mihail Sadoveanu 10 Mihail Sadoveanu was a Romanian novelist, short story writer, journalist and political figure, who twice served as acting head of state for the communist republic. One of the most prolific Romanian-language writers, he is remembered mostly for his historical and adventure novels, as well as for his nature writing. An author whose career spanned five decades, Sadoveanu was an early associate of the traditionalist magazine Sămănătorul, before becoming known as a Realist writer and an adherent to the Poporanist current represented by Viața Românească journal. His books, critically acclaimed for their vision of age-old solitude and natural abundance, are generally set in the historical region of Moldavia, building on themes from Romania's medieval and early modern history. Among them are Neamul Șoimăreștilor, Frații Jderi and Zodia Cancerului. With Venea o moară pe Siret..., Baltagul and some other works of fiction, Sadoveanu extends his fresco to contemporary history and adapts his style to the psychological novel, Naturalism and Social realism.

Veronica Micle

Veronica Micle 10 Veronica Micle was an Austrian Empire-born Romanian poet, whose work was influenced by Romanticism. She is best known for her love affair with the poet Mihai Eminescu, one of the most important Romanian writers.

Grigory Kotovsky

Grigory Kotovsky 10 Grigory Ivanovich Kotovsky was a Soviet military and political activist, and participant in the Russian Civil War. He made a career from being a gangster and bank robber to eventually becoming a Red Army commander and member of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union.

Doina Aldea-Teodorovici

Doina Aldea-Teodorovici 10 Doina Aldea-Teodorovici a fost o cântăreață din Republica Moldova. A fost căsătorită cu Ion Aldea-Teodorovici, cu care a format un duet, începând din 1981.

Mikhail Lermontov

Mikhail Lermontov 10 Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism. His influence on later Russian literature is still felt in modern times, not only through his poetry, but also through his prose, which founded the tradition of the Russian psychological novel.

Grigore Vieru

Grigore Vieru 9 Grigore Vieru was a Moldovan poet, writer and unionist advocate, known for his poems and books for children. His poetry is characterized by vivid natural scenery, patriotism, as well as a venerated image of the sacred mother. Vieru wrote in the Romanian language. In 1993 he was elected a correspondent member of the Romanian Academy.

Mircea the Elder

Mircea the Elder 9 Mircea the Elder was the Voivode of Wallachia from 1386 until his death in 1418. He was the son of Radu I of Wallachia and brother of Dan I of Wallachia, after whose death he inherited the throne.

Grigore Ureche

Grigore Ureche 9 Grigore Ureche was a Moldavian chronicler who wrote on Moldavian history in his Letopisețul Țării Moldovei, covering the period from 1359 to 1594.

Varlaam Moțoc

Varlaam Moțoc 9 Varlaam Moţoc was the Metropolitan of Moldavia (1632-1653). He edited the Romanian Book of Learning in 1643.

Sergei Kirov

Sergei Kirov 9 Sergei Mironovich Kirov was a Russian and Soviet politician and Bolshevik revolutionary.           

Vasily Chapayev

Vasily Chapayev 9 Vasily Ivanovich Chapayev or Chapaev was a Russian soldier and Red Army commander during the Russian Civil War.

Valery Chkalov

Valery Chkalov 9 Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was a test pilot awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (1936).       

Ion Neculce

Ion Neculce 9 Ion Neculce (1672–1745) was a Moldavian chronicler. His main work, Letopisețul Țărâi Moldovei [de la Dabija Vodă până la a doua domnie a lui Constantin Mavrocordat] was meant to extend Miron Costin's narrative, covering events from 1661 to 1743.

Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu

Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu 9 Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu was a Romanian writer and philologist, who pioneered many branches of Romanian philology and history.

Gheorghe Asachi

Gheorghe Asachi 8 Gheorghe Asachi was a Moldavian, later Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist, engineer, border maker, and translator. An Enlightenment-educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Românească, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihăileană, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect.

Constantin Negruzzi

Constantin Negruzzi 8 Constantin Negruzzi was a Romanian poet, novelist, translator, playwright, and politician.         


Trajan 8 Trajan was a Roman emperor from AD 98 to 117, the second of the Five Good Emperors of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty. He was a philanthropic ruler and a successful soldier-emperor who led the Roman Empire to its greatest territorial extent by the time of his death. He was given the title of Optimus by the Roman Senate.

Barbu Lăutaru

Barbu Lăutaru 8 Barbu Lăutaru a fost un cântăreț și cobzar român, de etnie romă.                                   

Petru Zadnipru

Petru Zadnipru 8 Petru Zadnipru a fost poet din RSS Moldovenească.                                                   

Taras Shevchenko

Taras Shevchenko 8 Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko was a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, folklorist and ethnographer. He was a fellow of the Imperial Academy of Arts and a member of the Brotherhood of Saints Cyril and Methodius. He wrote poetry in Ukrainian and prose in Russian.

Karl Marx

Karl Marx 8 Karl Marx was a German-born philosopher, economist, political theorist, historian, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His best-known works are the 1848 pamphlet The Communist Manifesto and the three-volume Das Kapital (1867–1894); the latter employs his critical approach of historical materialism in an analysis of capitalism and is the culmination of his intellectual efforts. Marx's ideas and theories and their subsequent development, collectively known as Marxism, have exerted enormous influence on modern intellectual, economic and political history.

Petru Rareș

Petru Rareș 8 Petru Rareș, sometimes known as Petryła or Peter IV, was twice voivode of Moldavia: 20 January 1527 to 18 September 1538 and 19 February 1541 to 3 September 1546. He was an illegitimate child born to Stephen the Great. His mother was Maria Răreșoaia of Hârlău, whose existence is not historically documented but who is said to have been the wife of a wealthy boyar fish-merchant nicknamed Rareș "rare-haired". Rareș thus was not Petru's actual name but a nickname of his mother's husband.

Toma Ciorbă

Toma Ciorbă 8 Toma Ciorbă was a Russian Empire-born Romanian physician and hospital director.                     

Tudor Vladimirescu

Tudor Vladimirescu 7 Tudor Vladimirescu was a Romanian revolutionary hero, the leader of the Wallachian uprising of 1821 and of the Pandur militia. He is also known as Tudor din Vladimiri or, occasionally, as Domnul Tudor.

Alexey Shchusev

Alexey Shchusev 7 Alexey Victorovich Shchusev was a Russian and Soviet architect who was successful during three consecutive epochs of Russian architecture – Art Nouveau, Constructivism, and Stalinist architecture, being one of the few Russian architects to be celebrated under both the Romanovs and the communists, becoming the most decorated architect in terms of Stalin prizes awarded.


Dosoftei 7 Dimitrie Barilă, better known under his monastical name Dosoftei, was a Moldavian Metropolitan, scholar, poet and translator.

Alecu Russo

Alecu Russo 7 Alecu Russo was a Romanian writer, literary critic and publicist.                                   

Mihail Kogălniceanu

Mihail Kogălniceanu 7 Mihail Kogălniceanu was a Romanian liberal statesman, lawyer, historian and publicist; he became Prime Minister of Romania on October 11, 1863, after the 1859 union of the Danubian Principalities under Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and later served as Foreign Minister under Carol I. He was several times Interior Minister under Cuza and Carol. A polymath, Kogălniceanu was one of the most influential Romanian intellectuals of his generation. Siding with the moderate liberal current for most of his lifetime, he began his political career as a collaborator of Prince Mihail Sturdza, while serving as head of the Iași Theater and issuing several publications together with the poet Vasile Alecsandri and the activist Ion Ghica. After editing the highly influential magazine Dacia Literară and serving as a professor at Academia Mihăileană, Kogălniceanu came into conflict with the authorities over his Romantic nationalist inaugural speech of 1843. He was the ideologue of the abortive 1848 Moldavian revolution, authoring its main document, Dorințele partidei naționale din Moldova.

Alexander Suvorov

Alexander Suvorov 7 Count Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov-Rymniksky, Prince of Italy, was a Russian general and military theorist in the service of the Russian Empire.

Eugen Doga

Eugen Doga 7 Eugen Doga is a Moldovan composer. He has made significant contributions to various forms of music during his career.

Leo Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy 7 Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential authors of all time. He received nominations for the Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906 and for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902, and 1909.

George Coșbuc

George Coșbuc 7 George Coșbuc was a Romanian poet, translator, teacher, and journalist, best remembered for his verses describing, praising and eulogizing rural life, its many travails but also its occasions for joy. In 1916 he was elected titular member of the Romanian Academy.

Igor Vieru

Igor Vieru 7 Igor Vieru was a painter from Moldova. The artist's home, in Cernoleuca has become a museum, where visitors can get acquainted with Igor Vieru's art. High School of Fine Arts "Igor Vieru" in Chişinău was named after him.

Yakov Sverdlov

Yakov Sverdlov 7 Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov was a Bolshevik Party administrator and chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee from 1917 to 1919. He is sometimes regarded as the first head of state of the Soviet Union, although it was not established until 1922, three years after his death.

Felix Dzerzhinsky

Felix Dzerzhinsky 7 Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, nicknamed "Iron Felix", was a Bolshevik revolutionary and politician. From 1917 until his death in 1926, he led the first two Soviet secret police organizations, the Cheka and the OGPU, establishing state security organs for the post-revolutionary Soviet regime. He was one of the architects of the Red Terror and de-Cossackization.

Valeriu Cupcea

Valeriu Cupcea 7 Valeriu Cupcea a fost un actor român basarabean de teatru și film și regizor de teatru. Cupcea a fost prim-regizor și director artistic al Teatrului Național din Chișinău în anii 1963-1977 și 1981-1985. A promovat dramaturgia românească, montând peste 50 de spectacole, printre care Fântâna Blanduziei (1967), Iașii în carnaval (1969), Două fete ș-o neneacă (1971), Sânziana și Pepelea (1982) de Vasile Alecsandri, precum și piese ale autorilor basarabeni contemporani: Roata vremii de Ana Lupan, Nu mai vreau să-mi faceți bine după piesa lui Gheorghe Malarciuc, Două vieți și a treia după Tudor Vidrașcu, Păsările tinereții noastre după piesa lui Ion Druță etc. A interpretat roluri în filmele Singur în fața dragostei, Lăutarii, Dimitrie Cantemir etc. A jucat rolul lui Eminescu în spectacolul cu același nume după piesa lui M. Ștefănescu, rolul Spătarului Nicolae Milescu în spectacolul Prologul după piesa lui Valeriu Matei.

Constantin Stere

Constantin Stere 7 Constantin G. Stere or Constantin Sterea was a Romanian writer, jurist, politician, ideologue of the Poporanist trend, and, in March 1906, co-founder of the literary magazine Viața Românească. One of the central figures of the Bessarabian intelligentsia at the time, Stere was a key actor during the Union of Bessarabia with Romania in 1918, and is associated with its legacy.

Vlad the Impaler

Vlad the Impaler 6 Vlad III, commonly known as Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Dracula, was Voivode of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death in 1476/77. He is often considered one of the most important rulers in Wallachian history and a national hero of Romania.

Nikolai Gogol

Nikolai Gogol 6 Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol was a Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright of Ukrainian origin.

Vladimir Mayakovsky

Vladimir Mayakovsky 6 Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky was a Russian and Soviet poet, playwright, artist, and actor.     

Alexandru Marinescu

Alexandru Marinescu 6 Alexandru Marinescu a fost un zoolog, oceanolog, istoric al științelor și muzeolog român.           

Dragoș, Voivode of Moldavia

Dragoș, Voivode of Moldavia 6 Dragoș, also known as Dragoș Vodă, or Dragoș the Founder was the first Voivode of Moldavia, who reigned in the middle of the 14th century, according to the earliest Moldavian chronicles. The same sources say that Dragoș came from Maramureş while chasing an aurochs or zimbru across the Carpathian Mountains. His descălecat, or "dismounting", on the banks of the Moldova River has traditionally been regarded as the symbol of the foundation of the Principality of Moldavia in Romanian historiography. Most details of his life are uncertain. Historians have identified him either with Dragoș of Bedeu or with Dragoș of Giulești, who were Vlach landowners in the Kingdom of Hungary.

Nicolae Iorga

Nicolae Iorga 5 Nicolae Iorga was a Romanian politician who held top posts, including Prime Minister and president of the Senate. He was also a historian, literary critic, memoirist, albanologist, poet and playwright. Co-founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party (PND), he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly, and cabinet minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, establishing his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris and several other academic institutions, Iorga was founder of the International Congress of Byzantine Studies and the Institute of South-East European Studies (ISSEE). His activity also included the transformation of Vălenii de Munte town into a cultural and academic center.

Kliment Voroshilov

Kliment Voroshilov 5 Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov, popularly known as Klim Voroshilov, was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin-era. He was one of the original five Marshals of the Soviet Union, the second highest military rank of the Soviet Union, and served as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the nominal Soviet head of state, from 1953 to 1960.

Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas 5 Saint Nicholas of Myra, also known as Nicholas of Bari, was an early Christian bishop of Greek descent from the maritime city of Patara in Anatolia during the time of the Roman Empire. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nicholas the Wonderworker. Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, repentant thieves, children, brewers, pawnbrokers, toymakers, unmarried people, and students in various cities and countries around Europe. His reputation evolved among the pious, as was common for early Christian saints, and his legendary habit of secret gift-giving gave rise to the traditional model of Santa Claus through Sinterklaas.

John III the Terrible

John III the Terrible 5 John III the Terrible, also John III the Brave was Voivode of Moldavia between February 1572 and June 1574.

Mikhail Lomonosov

Mikhail Lomonosov 5 Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov was a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries were the atmosphere of Venus and the law of conservation of mass in chemical reactions. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, optical devices and others. The founder of modern geology, Lomonosov was also a poet and influenced the formation of the modern Russian literary language.

Грибов, Николай Степанович

Грибов, Николай Степанович 5 Николай Степанович Грибов — тракторист, ценой собственной жизни спасший хлебное поле совхоза «Щербаковский» от пожара.

Petro Mohyla

Petro Mohyla 5 Petro Mohyla was the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and all Rus' in the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in the Eastern Orthodox Church from 1633 to 1646.

Ciprian Porumbescu

Ciprian Porumbescu 5 Ciprian Porumbescu was a Romanian composer born in Șipotele Sucevei in Bukovina. He was among the most celebrated Romanian composers of his time; his popular works include Crai nou, Song of the Tricolour, Song for Spring, Ballad for violin and piano, and Serenada. In addition, he composed the music for the Romanian patriotic "Song of Unity", also known as "Pe-al nostru steag e scris Unire", which was Romania's anthem from 1975 to 1977 and is currently used for Albania's national anthem, "Himni i Flamurit". His work spreads over various forms and musical genres, but the majority of his work is choral and operetta.

Georgi Dimitrov

Georgi Dimitrov 5 Georgi Dimitrov Mihaylov also known as Georgiy Mihaylovich Dimitrov, was a Bulgarian communist politician who served as General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party from 1946 to 1949. From 1935 to 1943, he was the General Secretary of the Communist International.

Nikolai Spathari

Nikolai Spathari 4 Nikolai Spathari, also known as Nicolae Milescu and Nicolae Milescu Spătaru, or Spătarul Milescu-Cârnu, was a Moldavian-born writer, diplomat and traveler, who lived and worked in the Tsardom of Russia. He spoke nine languages: Romanian, Russian, Latin, both Attic and Modern Greek, French, German, Turkish and Swedish. One of his grandsons was the Spătar (Chancellor) Yuri Stefanovich, who came to Russia in 1711 with Dimitrie Cantemir.

Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov 4 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a Russian and Soviet experimental neurologist and physiologist known for his discovery of classical conditioning through his experiments with dogs.

Matei Basarab

Matei Basarab 4 Matei Basarab was a Wallachian Voivode (Prince) between 1632 and 1654.                             

Alexandru Lăpușneanu

Alexandru Lăpușneanu 4 Alexandru IV Lăpușneanu was Ruler of Moldavia between September 1552 and 18 November 1561 and then between October 1564 and 5 May 1568. He was the son of Bogdan III the One-Eyed. His wife and consort was Doamna Ruxanda Lăpușneanu, the daughter of Peter IV Rareș and Princess Elena Ecaterina Rareș. He was the original founder of the Dormition Church, Lviv, also commonly known as the Wallachian Church. His son Bogdan IV of Moldavia ruled 1568–1572.

Saint George

Saint George 4 Saint George, also George of Lydda, was an early Christian martyr who is venerated as a saint in Christianity. According to tradition, he was a soldier in the Roman army. Of Cappadocian Greek origin, he became a member of the Praetorian Guard for Roman emperor Diocletian, but was sentenced to death for refusing to recant his Christian faith. He became one of the most venerated saints, heroes and megalomartyrs in Christianity, and he has been especially venerated as a military saint since the Crusades. He is respected by Christians, Druze, as well as some Muslims as a martyr of monotheistic faith.

Liviu Deleanu

Liviu Deleanu 4 Liviu Deleanu was a Moldovan and Romanian poet and playwright, a doyen of postwar Moldovan literature.

Maria Drăgan

Maria Drăgan 4 Maria Drăgan a fost o interpretă moldoveană de muzică populară.                                     

Valerian Kuybyshev

Valerian Kuybyshev 4 Valerian Vladimirovich Kuybyshev was a Russian revolutionary, Red Army officer, and prominent Soviet politician.

Vladimir Komarov

Vladimir Komarov 4 Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov was a Soviet test pilot, aerospace engineer, and cosmonaut. In October 1964, he commanded Voskhod 1, the first spaceflight to carry more than one crew member. He became the first Soviet cosmonaut to fly in space twice when he was selected as the solo pilot of Soyuz 1, its first crewed test flight. A parachute failure caused his Soyuz capsule to crash into the ground after re-entry on 24 April 1967, making him the first human to die in a space flight.

Alexandru Plămădeală

Alexandru Plămădeală 4 Alexandru Plamădeală (1888–1940) was a Moldovan sculptor. He was the artist responsible for the creation of the Stephen the Great Monument in Chișinău (1927).

Ștefan Neaga

Ștefan Neaga 4 Ștefan Neaga was a Moldovan and Soviet composer. He was the son of the Moldovan "Lautar" folk musician Timofei Neaga.

Vasile Stroescu

Vasile Stroescu 4 Vasile Vasilievici Stroescu, also known as Vasile de Stroesco, Basile Stroesco, or Vasile Stroiescu, was a Bessarabian and Romanian politician, landowner, and philanthropist. One of the proponents and sponsors of Romanian nationalism in Russia's Bessarabia Governorate, as well as among the Romanian communities of Austria-Hungary, he was also a champion of self-help and of cooperative farming. He inherited or purchased large estates, progressively dividing them among local peasants, while setting up local schools and churches for their use. An erudite and traveler, he abandoned his career in law to focus on his agricultural projects and cultural activism. For the latter work, he became an honorary member of the Romanian Academy.

Michael (archangel)

Michael (archangel) 4 Michael, also called Saint Michael the Archangel, Archangel Michael and Saint Michael the Taxiarch is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and the Baha'i faith. The earliest surviving mentions of his name are in third- and second-century-BC Jewish works, often but not always apocalyptic, where he is the chief of the angels and archangels, and he is the guardian prince of Israel and is responsible for the care of Israel. Christianity conserved nearly all the Jewish traditions concerning him, and he is mentioned explicitly in Revelation 12:7–12, where he does battle with Satan, and in the Epistle of Jude, where the author denounces heretics by contrasting them with Michael.

Tamara Ciobanu

Tamara Ciobanu 4 Tamara Ciobanu a fost o cântăreață de operă și muzică populară din RSS Moldovenească.               

Ivan Turgenev

Ivan Turgenev 3 Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev was a Russian novelist, short story writer, poet, playwright, translator and popularizer of Russian literature in the West.

Nicolae Dimo

Nicolae Dimo 3 Nicolae Dimo a fost un specialist moldovean în domeniul pedologiei și eroziunii solului, care a fost ales ca membru titular al Academiei de Științe Agricole a URSS.

Alexandru Hâjdeu

Alexandru Hâjdeu 3 Alexandru Hâjdeu or Alexander Faddeevich Hizhdeu was a Russian Empire writer of Romanian descent, who lived in Bessarabia, now Moldova. He was the father of Romanian writer and philologist Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu. Alexandru Hâjdeu was one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy.

Eugen Coca

Eugen Coca 3 Eugen Coca was a violinist and composer from the Republic of Moldova.                               

Meșterul Manole

Meșterul Manole 3 In Romanian mythology, Meșterul Manole was the chief architect of the Curtea de Argeș Monastery in Wallachia. The myth of the cathedral's construction is expressed in the folk poem Monastirea Argeșului.

Hristo Botev

Hristo Botev 3 Hristo Botev, born Hristo Botyov Petkov, was a Bulgarian revolutionary and poet. Botev is considered by Bulgarians to be a symbolic historical figure and national hero. His poetry is a prime example of the literature of the Bulgarian National Revival, though he is considered to be ahead of his contemporaries in his political, philosophical, and aesthetic views.

Pavlik Morozov

Pavlik Morozov 3 Pavel Trofimovich Morozov, better known by the diminutive Pavlik, was a Soviet youth praised by the Soviet press as a martyr. Evidence has emerged since the dissolution of the Soviet Union of the fabrication of the Pavlik Morozov legend, as well as what Soviet officials thought of him. His story, dated to 1932, is that of a 13-year-old boy who denounced his father to the authorities and was in turn killed by his family. His story was a subject of reading, songs, plays, a symphonic poem, a full-length opera, and six biographies. His politicized and mythologized story was used to encourage Soviet Bloc children to also inform on their parents.

Nicolae Bălcescu

Nicolae Bălcescu 3 Nicolae Bălcescu was a Romanian Wallachian soldier, historian, journalist, and leader of the 1848 Wallachian Revolution.

Ion Vatamanu

Ion Vatamanu 3 Ion Vatamanu was a chemist, writer, and politician from Moldova. He served as member of the Parliament of Moldova (1990–1994) and chairman of the Committee on Culture of the Parliament of Moldova.

Elena Alistar

Elena Alistar 3 Elena Alistar-Romanescu was a Bessarabian physician and politician who was part of Sfatul Țării from Bessarabia.

Liviu Damian

Liviu Damian 3 Liviu Damian was an author, essayist, journalist, poet, cultural person, Romanian writer and translator from the Republic of Moldova, a representative of the generation of the 1960s.

Ion Luca Caragiale

Ion Luca Caragiale 3 Ion Luca Caragiale, commonly referred to as I. L. Caragiale, was a Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. Leaving behind an important cultural legacy, he is considered one of the greatest playwrights in Romanian language and literature, as well as one of its most important writers and a leading representative of local humour. Alongside Mihai Eminescu, Ioan Slavici and Ion Creangă, he is seen as one of the main representatives of Junimea, an influential literary society with which he nonetheless parted during the second half of his life. His work, spanning four decades, covers the ground between Neoclassicism, Realism, and Naturalism, building on an original synthesis of foreign and local influences.

Maria Cebotari

Maria Cebotari 3 Maria Cebotari was a Bessarabian-Romanian lyric coloratura soprano. She was widely known as a singer by the mid 1930s and noted in particular for her wide range of repertoire.

Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya

Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya 3 Zoya Anatolyevna Kosmodemyanskaya was a Soviet partisan. She was executed after acts of sabotage against the invading armies of Nazi Germany; after stories emerged of her defiance towards her captors, she was posthumously declared a Hero of the Soviet Union. She became one of the most revered heroines of the Soviet Union.

Nikolay Pirogov

Nikolay Pirogov 3 Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov was a Russian scientist, medical doctor, pedagogue, public figure, and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1847), one of the most widely recognized Russian physicians. Considered to be the founder of field surgery, he was the first surgeon to use anaesthesia in a field operation (1847) and one of the first surgeons in Europe to use ether as an anaesthetic. He is credited with the invention of various kinds of surgical operations and developing his own technique of using plaster casts to treat fractured bones.

Bohdan Khmelnytsky

Bohdan Khmelnytsky 3 Bohdan Zynoviy Mykhailovych Khmelnytsky was a Ruthenian nobleman and military commander of Ukrainian Cossacks as Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host, which was then under the suzerainty of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates (1648–1654) that resulted in the creation of an independent Cossack state in Ukraine. In 1654, he concluded the Treaty of Pereiaslav with the Russian Tsar and allied the Cossack Hetmanate with Tsardom of Russia, thus placing central Ukraine under Russian protection. During the uprising the Cossacks led a massacre of thousands of Poles and Jews during 1648–1649 as one of the most traumatic events in the history of the Jews in Ukraine and Ukrainian nationalism.

Fyodor Tolbukhin

Fyodor Tolbukhin 3 Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union. He is regarded as one of the finest Soviet generals of World War II.

Ion Druță

Ion Druță 3 Ion Druță, also known as Ion Drutse, was a Moldovan writer, poet, playwright and literary historian. He was an honorary member of the Romanian Academy.

Emil Loteanu

Emil Loteanu 3 Emil Loteanu was a Moldovan and Soviet film director born in what is now Moldova. He moved to Moscow in his early life. His best known films are Lăutarii, Gypsies Are Found Near Heaven, A Hunting Accident and Anna Pavlova.

Vasily Dokuchaev

Vasily Dokuchaev 2 Vasily Vasilyevich Dokuchaev was a Russian geologist and geographer who is credited with laying the foundations of soil science. The Ukrainian city of Dokuchaievsk is named after him.

Alexander Bernardazzi

Alexander Bernardazzi 2 Aleksander Osipovich Bernardazzi was a Russian architect best known for his work in Odesa and Chişinău.

Ion Pelivan

Ion Pelivan 2 Ion Gheorghe Pelivan was a Romanian politician.                                                     

Nadia Russo

Nadia Russo 2 Nadia (Nadejda) Russo-Bossie was a Romanian military aviator during World War II. She was a member of the White Squadron, a team of female aviators who flew medical aircraft during World War II. Romania was the only country in the world to allow women to pilot medical missions during the War.

Dumitru Caraciobanu

Dumitru Caraciobanu 2 Dumitru Caraciobanu a fost un actor de teatru și film din RSS Moldovenească.                       

Мадан, Георге

Мадан, Георге 2 Георге Мадан — молдавский и румынский писатель , журналист, редактор, актёр. Выдающийся деятель румынской культуры Бессарабии.

Octavian Goga

Octavian Goga 2 Octavian Goga was a Romanian far-right politician, poet, playwright, journalist, and translator.   

Mihalcea Hîncu

Mihalcea Hîncu 2 Mihalcea Hîncu a fost un boier moldovean.                                                           

Victor Crăsescu

Victor Crăsescu 2 Victor Crăsescu was an Imperial Russian-born Romanian prose writer.                                 

Ion Inculeț

Ion Inculeț 2 Ion Inculeț was a Bessarabian and Romanian politician, the President of the Country Council of the Moldavian Democratic Republic, Minister of the Interior of Romania, full member of the Romanian Academy.

Gurie Grosu

Gurie Grosu 2 Gurie Grosu was a Bessarabian priest and the first holder of the Basarabian Metropolitan Church after 100 years of Russian occupation. His Christian name was Gheorghe, and he took the name of Gurie when became a monk. Gurie was an extremely devout man and one of the promoters of Romanianism in Bessarabia.

Vasily Zhukovsky

Vasily Zhukovsky 2 Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky was the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II.

Alexandru Cosmescu

Alexandru Cosmescu 2 Alexandru Cosmescu a fost antologist, dramaturg, poet, prozator, redactor de carte, scriitor, traducător și ziarist român basarabean, membru al Uniunii Scriitorilor din Republica Moldova.

Toma Alimoș

Toma Alimoș 2 Toma Alimoș este un personaj mitologic din istoria românilor, personaj central în „Balada lui Toma Alimoș”, culeasă de Vasile Alecsandri și publicată în 1850 în revista Bucovina, considerată a fi unul dintre cele mai vechi cântece haiducești.

Aron Pumnul

Aron Pumnul 2 Aron Pumnul was a Romanian philologist and teacher as well as a national and revolutionary activist in Transylvania and later in Bukovina.

Iona Yakir

Iona Yakir 2 Iona Emmanuilovich Yakir was a Red Army commander and one of the world's major military reformers between World War I and World War II. He was an early and major military victim of the Great Purge, alongside Mikhail Tukhachevsky.

Gavriil Musicescu

Gavriil Musicescu 2 Gavriil Musicescu was a Romanian composer, conductor and musicologist, father of the pianist and musical pedagogue Florica Musicescu.


Elijah 2 Elijah was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab.

Andrew the Apostle

Andrew the Apostle 2 Andrew the Apostle, also called Saint Andrew, was an apostle of Jesus. According to the New Testament, he was a fisherman and one of the Twelve Apostles chosen by Jesus. The title First-Called stems from the Gospel of John, where Andrew, initially a disciple of John the Baptist, follows Jesus and, recognizing him as the Messiah, introduces his brother Simon Peter to him.

Mihai Volontir

Mihai Volontir 2 Mihai Volontir was a Soviet and Moldovan actor. People's Artist of the USSR (1984).                 

Zamfir Arbore

Zamfir Arbore 2 Zamfir Constantin Arbore was a Bukovinian-born Romanian political activist originally active in the Russian Empire, also known for his work as an amateur historian, geographer and ethnographer. Arbore debuted in left-wing politics from early in life, gained an intimate knowledge of the Russian revolutionary milieu, and participated in both nihilist and Narodnik conspiracies. Self-exiled to Switzerland, he became a member of the International Workingmen's Association. Arbore was mostly active as an international anarchist and a disciple of Mikhail Bakunin, but eventually parted with the latter to create his independent group, the Revolutionary Community. He was subsequently close to the anarchist geographer Élisée Reclus, who became his new mentor.

Andrei Lupan

Andrei Lupan 2 Andrei Lupan was a Soviet and Moldovan writer, poet, politician, and chairman of Moldovan Writers' Union.

Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol

Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol 2 Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol was a Romanian historian, philosopher, professor, economist, sociologist, and author. Among his many major accomplishments, he is the Romanian historian credited with authoring the first major synthesis of the history of the Romanian people. His daughter Margareta Xenopol became a well-known Romanian composer.

Anton Crihan

Anton Crihan 2 Anton Crihan was a Bessarabian politician, lawyer, author, economist, professor and journalist. He was a member of Sfatul Țării (1917), adviser to the Secretary of State for Agriculture in the General Directorate of the Republic of Moldova (1917), deputy in the Parliament of Romania, adviser to the Secretary of State at the Ministry of Agriculture and Domains (1932–1933), professor at the Polytechnic University of Iasi and at the Faculty of Agronomy in Chisinau (1934–1940).

Крученюк, Пётр Аксентьевич

Крученюк, Пётр Аксентьевич 2 Пётр Аксентьевич Крученюк — советский хозяйственный, государственный и политический деятель.       

Karl Liebknecht

Karl Liebknecht 2 Karl Paul August Friedrich Liebknecht was a German socialist and anti-militarist. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) beginning in 1900, he was one of its deputies in the Reichstag from 1912 to 1916, where he represented the left-revolutionary wing of the party. In 1916 he was expelled from the SPD's parliamentary group for his opposition to the Burgfriedenspolitik, the political truce between all parties in the Reichstag while the war lasted. He twice spent time in prison, first for writing an anti-militarism pamphlet in 1907 and then for his role in a 1916 antiwar demonstration. He was released from the second under a general amnesty three weeks before the end of the First World War.

George Enescu

George Enescu 2 George Enescu, known in France as Georges Enesco, was a Romanian composer, violinist, conductor, and teacher and is regarded as one of the greatest musicians in Romanian history.

Constantin Vârnav

Constantin Vârnav 2 Constantin Vârnav, ortografiat și Vîrnav, a fost un medic român, protomedic al Moldovei între anii 1849-1855, organizator al sistemului sanitar în Moldova și deputat în Parlamentul României.

Bogdan the Founder

Bogdan the Founder 2 Bogdan I, commonly known as Bogdan the Founder, was the first independent ruler, or voivode, of Moldavia in the 1360s. He had initially been the voivode, or head, of the Vlachs in the Voivodeship of Maramureș in the Kingdom of Hungary. However, when the first certain record was made of him in 1343, he was mentioned as a former voivode who had become disloyal to Louis I of Hungary. He invaded the domains of a Vlach landowner who remained loyal to the king in 1349. Four years later, he was again mentioned as voivode in a charter, which was the last record of his presence in Maramureș.

Gheorghe Malarciuc

Gheorghe Malarciuc 2 Gheorghe Malarciuc was a screenwriter and politician from Moldova. He served as the first head of the Ecologist Party of Moldova "Green Alliance". He graduated in 1956 from Moldova State University and worked for Moldova-Film and Literaturnaya Gazeta.

Oleg Koshevoy

Oleg Koshevoy 2 Oleg Vasilyevich Koshevoy was a Soviet partisan and one of the founders of the clandestine organization Young Guard, which fought the Nazi forces in Krasnodon during World War II between 1941 and 1945.

Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov 2 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Soviet physicist and a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, which he was awarded in 1975 for emphasizing human rights around the world.

Sergei Yesenin

Sergei Yesenin 2 Sergei Alexandrovich Yesenin, sometimes spelled as Esenin, was a Russian lyric poet. He is one of the most popular and well-known Russian poets of the 20th century. One of his narratives was "lyrical evocations of and nostalgia for the village life of his childhood – no idyll, presented in all its rawness, with an implied curse on urbanisation and industrialisation".
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