Famous people on Peru's street names


José de San Martín

José de San Martín 44 José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras, nicknamed "the Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru", was an Argentine general and the primary leader of the southern and central parts of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire who served as the Protector of Peru. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern-day Argentina, he left the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain.

Ramón Castilla

Ramón Castilla 37 Ramón Castilla y Marquesado was a Peruvian caudillo who served as President of Peru three times as well as the Interim President of Peru in 1863. His earliest prominent appearance in Peruvian history began with his participation in a commanding role of the army of the Libertadores that helped Peru become an independent nation. Later, he led the country when the economy boomed due to the exploitation of guano deposits. Castilla's governments are remembered for having abolished slavery and modernized the state.

Miguel Grau Seminario

Miguel Grau Seminario 33 Miguel María Grau Seminario was the most renowned Peruvian naval officer and hero of the naval battle of Angamos during the War of the Pacific (1879–1884). He was known as el Caballero de los Mares for his kind and chivalrous treatment of defeated enemies and is esteemed by both Peruvians and Chileans. He is an iconic figure for the Peruvian Navy, and one of the most famous merchant marine and naval military leaders of the Americas.

Alfonso Ugarte

Alfonso Ugarte 26 Alfonso Ugarte was a Peruvian civilian turned military commander during the War of the Pacific, between Peru and Bolivia against Chile. He held the rank of colonel.

Simón Bolívar

Simón Bolívar 25 Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios Ponte y Blanco was a Venezuelan military and political leader who led what are currently the countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, and Bolivia to independence from the Spanish Empire. He is known colloquially as El Libertador, or the Liberator of America.

Francisco Bolognesi

Francisco Bolognesi 24 Francisco Bolognesi Cervantes was a Peruvian military colonel. He is considered a national hero in Peru and was declared patron of the Army of Peru by the government of Peru on January 2 of 1951.

Túpac Amaru

Túpac Amaru 24 Túpac Amaru was the last Sapa Inca of the Neo-Inca State, the final remaining independent part of the Inca Empire. He was executed by the Spanish following a months-long pursuit after the fall of the Neo-Inca State.

Rose of Lima

Rose of Lima 23 Rose of Lima, TOSD was a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic in Lima, Peru, who became known for both her life of severe penance and her care of the poverty stricken of the city through her own private efforts. Rose of Lima was born to a noble family and is the patron saint of embroidery, gardening and cultivation of blooming flowers. A lay member of the Dominican Order, she was declared a saint by the Catholic Church, being the first person born in the Americas to be canonized as such.

José Olaya

José Olaya 20 José Silverio Olaya Balandra was a Peruvian hero in the Peruvian War of Independence.               

Jorge Chávez

Jorge Chávez 19 Jorge Antonio Chávez Dartnell, also known as Géo Chávez, was a Peruvian aviator. At a young age, he achieved fame for his aeronautical feats. He died in 1910 after a heavy wind broke the wings of his fragile airplane Bleriot XI, falling from a twenty-meter height upon landing, after achieving the first air crossing of the Pennine Alps.

Antonio José de Sucre

Antonio José de Sucre 17 Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá, known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho", was a Venezuelan general and politician who served as the president of Bolivia from 1825 to 1828. A close friend and associate of Simón Bolívar, he was one of the primary leaders of South America's struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire.

José Carlos Mariátegui

José Carlos Mariátegui 16 José Carlos Mariátegui La Chira was a Peruvian writer, journalist, politician and Marxist philosopher.

Felipe Santiago Salaverry

Felipe Santiago Salaverry 15 Felipe Santiago Salaverry del Solar was a Peruvian soldier and politician who served as the Supreme Chief of Peru.

César Vallejo

César Vallejo 14 César Abraham Vallejo Mendoza was a Peruvian poet, writer, playwright, and journalist. Although he published only two books of poetry during his lifetime, he is considered one of the great poetic innovators of the 20th century in any language. He was always a step ahead of literary currents, and each of his books was distinct from the others, and, in its own sense, revolutionary. Thomas Merton called him "the greatest universal poet since Dante". The late British poet, critic and biographer Martin Seymour-Smith, a leading authority on world literature, called Vallejo "the greatest twentieth-century poet in any language." He was a member of the intellectual community called North Group formed in the Peruvian north coastal city of Trujillo.

Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez

Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez 14 Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez, was a Peruvian soldier and adventurer who participated in various military actions against Spain; in Cuba and the Philippines in the 1870s. He also participated in other wars such as the Chincha Islands War (1865-1866) and the War of the Pacific (1879-1883), dying in the latter.

Andrés Avelino Cáceres

Andrés Avelino Cáceres 14 Andrés Avelino Cáceres Dorregaray served as the President of Peru two times during the 19th century, from 1886 to 1890 as the 27th President of Peru, and again from 1894 to 1895 as the 30th President of Peru. In Peru, he is considered a national hero for leading the resistance to Chilean occupation during the War of the Pacific (1879–1883), where he fought as a General in the Peruvian Army.

Micaela Bastidas

Micaela Bastidas 14 Micaela Bastidas Puyucahua was a pioneering indigenous leader against Spanish rule in South America, and a martyr for Peruvian independence. With her husband Túpac Amaru II, she led a rebellion against the Spanish and like him, suffered martyrdom of execution by the Spaniards when the revolt failed. She was a very full partner in her husband's enterprises before the revolt, and "an exceptionally able leader of the rebellion." She has been described as the "celebrated wife of José Gabriel Condorcanqui Momento Maren ... who played a paramount role in the logistics of the rebel army in Cuzco in 1780 and 1781.

Daniel Alcides Carrión

Daniel Alcides Carrión 13 Daniel Alcides Carrión García was a Peruvian medical student after whom Carrion's disease is named. 

Manco Cápac

Manco Cápac 12 Manco Cápac, also known as Manco Inca and Ayar Manco, was, according to some historians, the first governor and founder of the Inca civilization in Cusco, possibly in the early 13th century. He is also a main figure of Inca mythology, being the protagonist of the two best known legends about the origin of the Inca, both of them connecting him to the foundation of Cusco. His main wife was his older sister, Mama Uqllu, also the mother of his son and successor Sinchi Ruq'a. Even though his figure is mentioned in several chronicles, his actual existence remains uncertain.


Huáscar 12 Huáscar Inca also Guazcar was Sapa Inca of the Inca Empire from 1527 to 1532. He succeeded his father, Huayna Capac and his brother Ninan Cuyochi, both of whom died of smallpox while campaigning near Quito.

Ricardo Palma

Ricardo Palma 11 Manuel Ricardo Palma Soriano was a Peruvian author, scholar, librarian and politician. His magnum opus is the Tradiciones peruanas.

Antonio Raimondi

Antonio Raimondi 11 Antonio Raimondi was an Italian-born Peruvian geographer and scientist. Born in Milan, Raimondi emigrated to Peru, arriving on July 28, 1850, at the port of Callao. In 1851 he became a professor of natural history. In 1856, he was one of the founding professors of the medical school at the National University of San Marcos; in 1861, he founded the analytical chemistry department.

Mateo Pumacahua

Mateo Pumacahua 11 Mateo García Pumacahua simply known as Pumacahua, modern spelling variants Pumakawa or Pumaqawa was a Royalist commander later turned into a Peruvian revolutionary who led the Cuzco Rebellion of 1814 in the War of Independence.

Rafael Trujillo

Rafael Trujillo 11 Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina, nicknamed El Jefe ), was a Dominican military commander and dictator who ruled the Dominican Republic from August 1930 until his assassination in May 1961. He served as president from 1930 to 1938 and again from 1942 to 1952, ruling for the rest of his life as an unelected military strongman under figurehead presidents. His rule of 31 years, known to Dominicans as the Trujillo Era, was one of the longest for a non-royal leader in the world, and centered around a personality cult of the ruling family. It was also one of the most brutal; Trujillo's security forces, including the infamous SIM, were responsible for perhaps as many as 50,000 murders. These included between 12,000 and 30,000 Haitians in the infamous Parsley massacre in 1937, which continues to affect Dominican-Haitian relations to this day.

Nicolás de Piérola

Nicolás de Piérola 10 José Nicolás Baltasar Fernández de Piérola y Villena was a Peruvian politician and Minister of Finance who served as the 23rd and 31st President of the Republic of Peru, from 1879 to 1881 and 1895 to 1899.

Roque Sáenz Peña

Roque Sáenz Peña 10 Roque José Antonio del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Sáenz Peña Lahitte was an Argentine politician and lawyer who served as President of Argentina from 12 October 1910 to his death in office on 9 August 1914. He was the son of former president Luis Sáenz Peña. He was a candidate for an internal, modernist line within the National Autonomist Party.

Saint Peter

Saint Peter 10 Saint Peter, also known as Peter the Apostle, Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, or Cephas, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ and one of the first leaders of the early Christian Church. He appears repeatedly and prominently in all four New Testament gospels as well as the Acts of the Apostles. Catholic tradition accredits Peter as the first bishop of Rome‍—‌or pope‍—‌and also as the first bishop of Antioch.


Atahualpa 10 Atahualpa, also Atawallpa (Quechua), Atabalica, Atahuallpa, Atabalipa, was the last effective Inca emperor before his capture and execution during the Spanish conquest.

Mariano Melgar

Mariano Melgar 9 Mariano Lorenzo Melgar Valdivieso was a Peruvian revolutionary, poet, artist, translator and patriot soldier during the Peruvian War of Independence from Spain. As a poet, Melgar became one of the most prominent romantic poets of Peru in the 19th century history, best known for his poetic love songs known as yaravíes. He is often considered to be the equivalent of the Ecuadorian José Joaquín Olmedo and the Cuban José Martí as patriots of their respective countries.


Pachacuti 9 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, also called Pachacútec, was the ninth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire. Most archaeologists now believe that the famous Inca site of Machu Picchu was built as an estate for Pachacuti.

José Gálvez Moreno

José Gálvez Moreno 9 José Miguel Gálvez Moreno, was a Peruvian sailor and politician considered a war hero in Peru for his actions during the War of the Pacific. He was a son of José Gálvez Egúsquiza, who died in the Battle of Callao during the Chincha Islands War, also considered a war hero in Peru.

Julio C. Tello

Julio C. Tello 9 Julio César Tello Rojas was a Peruvian archaeologist. Tello is considered the "father of Peruvian archeology" and was the first indigenous archaeologist in South America.

Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro 8 Francisco Pizarro, Marquess of the Atabillos was a Spanish conquistador, best known for his expeditions that led to the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.

John the Baptist

John the Baptist 8 John the Baptist was a Jewish preacher active in the area of the Jordan River in the early 1st century AD. He is also known as Saint John the Forerunner in Eastern Orthodoxy, John the Immerser in some Baptist Christian traditions, Saint John by certain Catholic churches, and Prophet Yahya in Islam. He is sometimes alternatively referred to as John the Baptiser.

Nicolás Ayllón

Nicolás Ayllón 8 Nicolás Ayllón fue un laico peruano, hijo de uno de los caciques de Chiclayo.                       

Óscar R. Benavides

Óscar R. Benavides 7 Óscar Raymundo Benavides Larrea was a Peruvian field marshal, diplomat, and politician who served as the 38th and 42nd (1933–1939) President of Peru, with his latter term being a period of authoritarian fascism.


Cahuide 7 Cahuide, fue un noble y guerrero inca que participó en la batalla de Sacsayhuamán, durante la guerra de reconquista liderada por Manco Inca. Y es conocido porque, al ver la fortaleza que defendía tomada por los conquistadores españoles y sus aliados, se lanzó desde lo alto de uno de los tres torreones de Sacsayhuamán llamado Muyucmarca para no caer en manos de sus enemigos.

Abel-Nicolas Bergasse du Petit-Thouars

Abel-Nicolas Bergasse du Petit-Thouars 7 Abel-Nicolas Georges Henri Bergasse du Petit-Thouars was a French Navy officer who took part in the Crimean War, the Boshin War, the Franco-Prussian War and the War of the Pacific. He is considered a hero in Peru, and is known there as the Savior of Lima.

Jorge Basadre

Jorge Basadre 7 Jorge Alfredo Basadre Grohmann was a Peruvian historian known for his extensive publications about the independent history of his country. He served during two different administrations as Minister of Education and was also director of the Peruvian National Library.

Inca Garcilaso de la Vega

Inca Garcilaso de la Vega 7 Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, born Gómez Suárez de Figueroa and known as El Inca, was a chronicler and writer born in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Sailing to Spain at 21, he was educated informally there, where he lived and worked the rest of his life. The natural son of a Spanish conquistador and an Inca noblewoman born in the early years of the conquest, he is known primarily for his chronicles of Inca history, culture, and society. His work was widely read in Europe, influential and well received. It was the first literature by an author born in the Americas to enter the western canon.

Víctor Andrés Belaúnde

Víctor Andrés Belaúnde 7 Víctor Andrés Belaúnde Diez Canseco was a Peruvian diplomat, politician, philosopher and scholar. He chaired the 14th Session and the 4th Emergency Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly between 1959 and 1960 and was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru in 1958. A distinguished scholar, Belaúnde was an important catholic thinker and a professor at the San Marcos University and then at the Pontifical Catholic University, where he was Emeritus Rector.

José de Gálvez, 1st Marquess of Sonora

José de Gálvez, 1st Marquess of Sonora 7 José de Gálvez y Gallardo, 1st Marquess of Sonora was a Spanish lawyer and Visitador general in New Spain (1764–1772); later appointed to the Council of the Indies (1775–1787). He was one of the prime figures behind the Bourbon Reforms. He belonged to an important political family that included his brother Matías de Gálvez and nephew Bernardo de Gálvez.

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus 7 Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator from the Republic of Genoa who completed four Spanish-based voyages across the Atlantic Ocean sponsored by the Catholic Monarchs, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and European colonization of the Americas. His expeditions were the first known European contact with the Caribbean and Central and South America.

Saint Joseph

Saint Joseph 7 Joseph was a 1st-century Jewish man of Nazareth who, according to the canonical Gospels, was married to Mary, the mother of Jesus, and was the legal father of Jesus.

José Pardo y Barreda

José Pardo y Barreda 6 José Simón Pardo y Barreda was a Peruvian politician who served as the 35th (1904–1908) and 39th (1915–1919) President of Peru.

Agustín Gamarra

Agustín Gamarra 6 Agustín Gamarra Messia was a Peruvian soldier and politician, who served as the 4th and 6th President of Peru.

Elías Aguirre

Elías Aguirre 6 Remigio Elías Aguirre Romero fue un destacado marino peruano, héroe de la Guerra del Pacífico. Como segundo comandante del monitor Huáscar, murió en el combate de Angamos.

Anthony of Padua

Anthony of Padua 6 Anthony of Padua, OFM or Anthony of Lisbon was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order.

Saint Anne

Saint Anne 6 According to apocrypha, as well as Christian and Islamic tradition, Saint Anne was the mother of Mary, the wife of Joachim and the maternal grandmother of Jesus. Mary's mother is not named in the Bible's canonical gospels. In writing, Anne's name and that of her husband Joachim come only from New Testament apocrypha, of which the Gospel of James seems to be the earliest that mentions them. The mother of Mary is mentioned but not named in the Quran.

María Parado de Bellido

María Parado de Bellido 6 María Parado de Bellido was an indigenous Peruvian revolutionary during the struggle for independence from Spain.

Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary, mother of Jesus 6 Mary was a first-century Jewish woman of Nazareth, the wife of Joseph and the mother of Jesus. She is a central figure of Christianity, venerated under various titles such as virgin or queen, many of them mentioned in the Litany of Loreto. The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches believe that Mary, as mother of Jesus, is the Mother of God. Other Protestant views on Mary vary, with some holding her to have lesser status.

Hipólito Unanue

Hipólito Unanue 6 José Hipólito Unanue y Pavón was a physician, naturalist, meteorologist, cosmographer, the first Minister of Finance of Peru, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Protomédico, university professor, founder of the San Fernando Medical School, representative of Arequipa in the Cortes of Cádiz, President of the Junta de Gobierno, Protector of the province of Arequipa, independence precursor and a Peruvian politician, active in politics in the early years after independence. He served as the President of the Congress from 1822 to 1823.

Juan Antonio Álvarez de Arenales

Juan Antonio Álvarez de Arenales 6 Juan Antonio Álvarez de Arenales was an Argentine general of Spanish origin that fought in the war for the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, Chile and Peru.

José Enrique Varela

José Enrique Varela 6 José Enrique Varela Iglesias, 1st Marquis of San Fernando de Varela was a Spanish military officer noted for his role as a Nationalist commander in the Spanish Civil War.

Francis of Assisi

Francis of Assisi 5 Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone, known as Francis of Assisi, was an Italian mystic, poet and Catholic friar who founded the religious order of the Franciscans. He was inspired to lead a Christian life of poverty as a beggar and itinerant preacher. One of the most venerated figures in Christianity, Francis was canonized by Pope Gregory IX on 16 July 1228. He is commonly portrayed wearing a brown habit with a rope tied around his waist, featuring three knots that symbolize the three Franciscan vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

Néstor Gambetta Bonatti

Néstor Gambetta Bonatti 5 Néstor Fortunato Gambetta Bonatti, fue un militar, político y promotor cultural peruano reconocido por sus servicios a la patria y en el campo de las letras.

Juan Velasco Alvarado

Juan Velasco Alvarado 5 Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado was a Peruvian general who served as the President of Peru after a successful coup d'état against Fernando Belaúnde's presidency in 1968. Under his presidency, nationalism, as well as left-leaning policies of state capitalism that addressed indigenous Peruvians, such as nationalization or agrarian reform were adopted. These policies were reversed after another coup d'état in 1975 led by his Prime Minister, Francisco Morales Bermúdez.

José Faustino Sánchez Carrión

José Faustino Sánchez Carrión 5 José Faustino Sánchez Carrión, was a pro-independence politician from Peru. Also known as the "Solitario de Sayán", he had a decisive role in the establishment of the republican system of government in post-independence Peru. He was one of the writers of the first political constitution of Peru, of liberal tendencies. He later participated in the diplomatic mission which traveled to Guayaquil to invite Simon Bolivar to Peru. He died prematurely, victim of an unknown sickness.

Saint Dominic

Saint Dominic 5 Saint Dominic,, also known as Dominic de Guzmán, was a Castilian Catholic priest and the founder of the Dominican Order. He is the patron saint of astronomers and natural scientists, and he and his order are traditionally credited with spreading and popularizing the rosary. He is alternatively called Dominic of Osma, Dominic of Caleruega, and Domingo Félix de Guzmán.

Manuel González Prada

Manuel González Prada 5 Jose Manuel de los Reyes González de Prada y Ulloa was a Peruvian politician and anarchist, literary critic and director of the National Library of Peru. The first writer to criticize the oligarchy within Peru, he is well remembered as a social critic who helped develop Peruvian intellectual thought in the early twentieth century, as well as the academic style known as modernismo.

John Bosco

John Bosco 5 John Melchior Bosco, SDB, popularly known as Don Bosco, was an Italian Catholic priest, educator and writer of the 19th century. While working in Turin, where the population suffered many of the ill effects of industrialization and urbanization, he dedicated his life to the betterment and education of street children, juvenile delinquents, and other disadvantaged youth. He developed teaching methods based on love rather than punishment, a method that became known as the Salesian Preventive System.

César Canevaro

César Canevaro 5 César Canevaro Valega was a Peruvian General and politician. He fought in the war against Chile, using his own finances and personal relationships to fund the endeavor.

Lorenzo Ruiz

Lorenzo Ruiz 5 Lorenzo Ruiz, also called Saint Lorenzo of Manila, is a Filipino saint venerated in the Catholic Church. A Chinese Filipino, he became his country's protomartyr after his execution in Japan by the Tokugawa Shogunate during its persecution of Japanese Christians in the 17th century.

Flora Tristan

Flora Tristan 5 Flore Célestine Thérèse Henriette Tristán y Moscoso, better known as Flora Tristan, was a French-Peruvian writer and socialist activist. She made important contributions to early feminist theory, and argued that the progress of women's rights was directly related with the progress of the working class. She wrote several works, the best known of which are Peregrinations of a Pariah (1838), Promenades in London (1840), and The Workers' Union (1843). Tristan was the grandmother of the painter Paul Gauguin.

Alejandro Velasco Astete

Alejandro Velasco Astete 4 Alejandro Velasco Astete was a Peruvian pilot, most recognizable for being the first man to fly over the Andes. He was 28 years old upon his death.

José Trinidad Morán

José Trinidad Morán 4 José Trinidad Morán y Manzano fue un militar venezolano, obtuvo la nacionalidad peruana por sus servicios prestados en la guerra de independencia. Participó en las campañas de liberación de Ecuador, Perú y Bolivia.

Belisario Suárez

Belisario Suárez 4 Manuel Belisario Suárez y Vargas (1833-1910) was a Peruvian colonel and politician that was notable for serving in several battles of the War of the Pacific as well as holding several offices within the Congress of the Republic of Peru.

Lloque Yupanqui

Lloque Yupanqui 4 Lloque Yupanqui was the third Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco and a member of the Hurin dynasty. 

Ignacio Merino

Ignacio Merino 4 Ignacio Merino Muñoz was a Peruvian painter notable for historical and costumbrista works, and considered the founder of the Peruvian school of painting. Beginning at age 6, he spent much of his life in Paris.

Lizardo Montero Flores

Lizardo Montero Flores 4 Juan Lizardo Montero Flores was a Peruvian soldier and politician who held the provisional Presidency of Peru from 1881 to 1883, replacing President Francisco García Calderón, during the Chilean occupation of Peru that took place as a result of the War of the Pacific. He was also Mayor of Lima for a brief period, in 1879.

Tomás Marsano

Tomás Marsano 4 Tomás Marsano Gutiérrez fue un empresario minero e inmobiliario peruano.                           

Sebastián Barranca

Sebastián Barranca 4 José Sebastián Barranca Lovera fue un científico naturalista, filólogo y maestro peruano. Hizo notables estudios sobre la flora y fauna del Perú, y también sobre sus riquezas minerales. Se especializó en las lenguas nativas y fue el primero en traducir al español el drama quechua Ollantay. Fue también uno de los catedráticos fundadores de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Mayor de San Marcos.

Mariano Necochea

Mariano Necochea 4 Mariano Necochea was an Argentine-Peruvian soldier.                                                 

José Bernardo de Tagle y Portocarrero, 4th Marquess of Torre Tagle

José Bernardo de Tagle y Portocarrero, 4th Marquess of Torre Tagle 4 José Bernardo de Tagle y Portocarrero, 4th Marquess of Torre Tagle, was a Peruvian soldier and politician who served as the Interim President of Peru in 1823 as well as the second President of Peru from 1823 to 1824.

Antonio Miró Quesada de la Guerra

Antonio Miró Quesada de la Guerra 4 Antonio Tomás Miró Quesada de la Guerra fue un periodista, abogado, diplomático y político peruano. Director del diario El Comercio.

Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro

Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro 4 Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro was a Peruvian priest, politician and lawyer. He served as Archbishop of Lima from 1846 to 1855, deputy for Cusco and Arequipa, and President of the Constituent Congresses of 1822, 1828 and 1834.

Teresa Urrea

Teresa Urrea 4 Teresa Urrea, often referred to as Teresita and also known as Santa Teresa or La Santa de Cábora among the Mayo, was a Mexican mystic, folk healer, and revolutionary insurgent.

Andrés Aramburú Sarrio

Andrés Aramburú Sarrio 4 Andrés Avelino Aramburú Sarrio fue un periodista y político peruano.                               

Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre

Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre 4 Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre was a Peruvian politician, philosopher, and author who founded the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) political movement, the oldest currently existing political party in Peru by the name of the Peruvian Aprista Party (PAP).

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt 4 Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. He was a member of the Democratic Party and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms. His initial two terms were centered on combating the Great Depression, while his third and fourth saw him shift his focus to America's involvement in World War II.

Sergio Bernales

Sergio Bernales 4 Sergio Bruno Bernales García, fue un médico y catedrático universitario peruano. Fue decano de la Facultad de Medicina Humana de San Marcos, así como vicerrector y rector interino en 1948.

Ferdinand III of Castile

Ferdinand III of Castile 3 Ferdinand III, called the Saint, was King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. Ferdinand III was one of the most successful kings of Castile, securing not only the permanent union of the crowns of Castile and León, but also masterminding the most expansive southward territorial expansion campaign yet in the Guadalquivir Valley, in which Islamic rule was in disarray in the wake of the decline of the Almohad presence in the Iberian Peninsula. He was made a saint in 1671.

Juan Antonio Pezet

Juan Antonio Pezet 3 Juan Antonio Pezet y Rodríguez de la Piedra was a Peruvian military officer and politician who served in the positions of Secretary of War, First Vice President and the 16th President of Peru throughout his life. As President, his moderate and cautious attitude towards the occupation of the Chincha Islands by a Spanish Fleet in 1864 was used as an excuse to launch a military uprising that drove him out of power.

Juan Fanning

Juan Fanning 3 Captain Juan Fanning was a naval officer in the Peruvian military who led a memorable charge against the invading Chilean army during the Battle of Miraflores. Fanning was mortally wounded during the charge.

Francisco Antonio de Zela

Francisco Antonio de Zela 3 Francisco Antonio de Zela y Arizaga is notable for sending forth the first anti-Spanish rebellion in the Peruvian city of Tacna on June 20, 1811, in an attempt to start the independence of Peru. De Zela was supported by a large group of criollos, mestizos and Indians, among them the caciques José Rosa Ara and Miguel Copaja.

George Washington

George Washington 3 George Washington was an American Founding Father, military officer, and politician who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Appointed by the Second Continental Congress as commander of the Continental Army in 1775, Washington led Patriot forces to victory in the American Revolutionary War and then served as president of the Constitutional Convention in 1787, which drafted and ratified the Constitution of the United States and established the U.S. federal government. Washington has thus become commonly known as the "Father of his Country".

Cápac Yupanqui

Cápac Yupanqui 3 Cápac Yupanqui was the fifth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco and the last of the Hurin dynasty.   

Sinchi Roca

Sinchi Roca 3 Sinchi Roca, Sinchi Rocca, Cinchi Roca, Sinchi Ruq'a or Sinchi Ruq'a Inka was the second Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco and a member of the Hurin dynasty.

Elizabeth of Portugal

Elizabeth of Portugal 3 Elizabeth of Aragon, more commonly known as Elizabeth of Portugal, was queen consort of Portugal who is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

Carlos Izaguirre Alzamora

Carlos Izaguirre Alzamora 3 Carlos Alberto Izaguirre Alzamora fue un abogado y político peruano. Miembro del Partido Aprista Peruano.

Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro

Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro 3 Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro was a high-ranking Peruvian army officer who served as the 41st President of Peru, from 1931 to 1933 as well as Interim President of Peru, officially as the President of the Provisional Government Junta, from 1930 to 1931. On August 22, 1930, as a lieutenant-colonel, he overturned the eleven-year dictatorship of Augusto B. Leguía after a coup d'état in Arequipa.

Ricardo Rivera Schreiber

Ricardo Rivera Schreiber 3 Ricardo Ernesto Víctor Rivera Schreiber, GBE was a Peruvian diplomat who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1952 and 1954.

Juan Manuel Polar

Juan Manuel Polar 3 Juan Manuel Polar (born 24 September 1983 in Lima is a racing driver from Peru. He has previously competed in the Indy Lights, Spanish Formula Three Championship and Formula Renault among other series.

Augusto Pérez Araníbar

Augusto Pérez Araníbar 3 Augusto Pérez Araníbar was a Peruvian physician and philanthropist concerned with social aspects of Peru. He was born in Arequipa on October 26, 1858, and died in Lima in March 1948. He promoted great works of social significance mostly during his tenure as director of the Public Charitable Society of Lima. He was the son of Manuel Pérez Araníbar and María Hurtado y Tapia.

Daniel Hernández Morillo

Daniel Hernández Morillo 3 Daniel Hernández Morillo was a Peruvian painter in the Academic style who spent most of his working life in Paris. He also served as the first Director of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes.

Augustine of Hippo

Augustine of Hippo 3 Augustine of Hippo, also known as Saint Augustine, was a theologian and philosopher of Berber origin and the bishop of Hippo Regius in Numidia, Roman North Africa. His writings influenced the development of Western philosophy and Western Christianity, and he is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers of the Latin Church in the Patristic Period. His many important works include The City of God, On Christian Doctrine, and Confessions.

Víctor Larco Herrera

Víctor Larco Herrera 3 Victor Larco Herrera was a prominent politician, farmer and philanthropist from Peru. He devoted much of his life to social and cultural affairs. Since 1945, the Victor Larco Herrera District was named after the trujillan philanthropist who with their property supported the first residents of the district. Larco Herrera was also mayor of Trujillo.

Michael (archangel)

Michael (archangel) 3 Michael, also called Saint Michael the Archangel, Archangel Michael and Saint Michael the Taxiarch is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and the Baha'i faith. The earliest surviving mentions of his name are in third- and second-century-BC Jewish works, often but not always apocalyptic, where he is the chief of the angels and archangels, and he is the guardian prince of Israel and is responsible for the care of Israel. Christianity conserved nearly all the Jewish traditions concerning him, and he is mentioned explicitly in Revelation 12:7–12, where he does battle with Satan, and in the Epistle of Jude, where the author denounces heretics by contrasting them with Michael.

Abraham Valdelomar

Abraham Valdelomar 3 Pedro Abraham Valdelomar Pinto was a Peruvian narrator, poet, journalist, essayist and dramatist; he is considered the founder of the avant-garde in Peru, although more for his dandy-like public poses and his founding of the journal Colónida than for his own writing, which is lyrically posmodernista rather than aggressively experimental. Like Charles Baudelaire in 19th century Paris, he claimed to have made his country aware for the first time of the relationship between poetry and the market, and to have recognized the need for the writer to turn himself into a celebrity.

Roberto Goyeneche

Roberto Goyeneche 3 Roberto Goyeneche was an Argentine tango singer who epitomized the archetype of 1950s Buenos Aires' bohemian life, and became a living legend in the local music scene.

Antonio Guzmán Blanco

Antonio Guzmán Blanco 3 Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco was a Venezuelan military leader, statesman, diplomat and politician. He was the president of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870 until 1877, from 1879 until 1884, and from 1886 until 1887 and General during the Venezuelan Federal War.

Nicolás Arriola

Nicolás Arriola 3 José Nicolás Arriola fue un militar, estratega, empresario y terrateniente argentino que participó activamente en las Guerras de Independencia Hispanoamericanas.

John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy 3 John Fitzgerald Kennedy, often referred to as JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. He was the youngest person elected president. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his foreign policy concerned relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba. A Democrat, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in both houses of the United States Congress prior to his presidency.

Alipio Ponce

Alipio Ponce 3 Alipio Ponce Vásquez was a Peruvian police officer who fought and died during the 1941 Ecuadorian–Peruvian War.

Paul the Apostle

Paul the Apostle 3 Paul, commonly known as Paul the Apostle and Saint Paul, was a Christian apostle who spread the teachings of Jesus in the first-century world. For his contributions towards the New Testament, he is generally regarded as one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age, and he also founded several Christian communities in Asia Minor and Europe from the mid-40s to the mid-50s AD.

Edward Jan Habich

Edward Jan Habich 3 Edward Jan Habich was a Polish engineer and mathematician. In 1876, he founded the National University of Engineering, a renowned engineering school in Lima, Peru. He was a member of the Peruvian Geographic Society and an Honorary Citizen of Peru. In his native Poland he took part in the January Uprising against the Russian Empire in 1863.

Manuel F. Segura

Manuel F. Segura 3 Manuel Felimon Segura was a colonel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines with assigned serial number 0-3547 AFP. He was G-1 and adjutant general in the General Headquarters of the Cebuano guerrillas during World War II, with Col. James M. Cushing as his commanding officer. Segura wrote at least two books on the guerrilla story in Cebu.


Jesus 3 Jesus, also referred to as Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, and many other names and titles, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity, the world's largest religion. Most Christians believe Jesus to be the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited messiah, the Christ that is prophesied in the Old Testament.

Cristóbal Magallanes Jara

Cristóbal Magallanes Jara 3 Cristóbal Magallanes Jara, also known as Christopher Magallanes, was a Mexican Catholic priest and martyr who was killed without trial on the way to say Mass during the Cristero War. He had faced trumped-up charges of inciting rebellion.

Juan Francisco de Vidal

Juan Francisco de Vidal 3 Juan Francisco de Vidal La Hoz served as the 8th President of Peru for a brief period between 1842 and 1843. Juan Francisco also helped with creating a certain version of laws for the rights of citizens.

Juan Pablo Fernandini

Juan Pablo Fernandini 3 Juan Pablo Fernandini Juliani fue un militar peruano.                                               

Enrique Palacios (militar)

Enrique Palacios (militar) 3 Enrique Sixto Palacios de Mendiburu fue un militar peruano, héroe de la guerra del Pacífico. Con el grado de teniente segundo AP, fue uno de los últimos comandantes del monitor Huáscar, a bordo del cual se batió con serenidad y valor durante el combate naval de Angamos; herido gravemente, falleció días después.

Pedro Ruiz Gallo

Pedro Ruiz Gallo 3 Pedro Ruiz Gallo was a Peruvian polymath, serving as a soldier and inventor, also working as a watchmaker, mechanic, musician, painter, researcher, doctor, and explorer, nationally considered one of the forerunners of modern aeronautics and patron of the Peruvian Army's engineering branch. He was the creator of the monumental clock that was located in the Parque de la Exposición, which was looted by Chilean troops during the War of the Pacific.

Vicente Morales Duárez

Vicente Morales Duárez 3 Vicente José Morales y Duárez de la Quadra fue un jurista criollo peruano, quien llegó a ser Presidente de las Cortes de Cádiz.

Joaquín Capelo

Joaquín Capelo 3 Joaquín Francisco Lucio Capelo Ruiz, fue un ingeniero civil, funcionario público, político y sociólogo peruano. Mostró especial interés en el desarrollo integral de la región amazónica, que hasta entonces permanecía aislada del resto del país. También se interesó en los problemas sociales, siendo uno de los fundadores de la Asociación Pro-indígena, que asumió la defensa del indígena de Perú. Fue también catedrático de la Universidad de San Marcos; diputado por Parinacochas (1884-1885); senador por Junín (1901-1919); ministro de Fomento y Obras Públicas (1914). Su pensamiento se inscribe en la sociología positivista y es autor de varias obras sociológicas y educativas.

Eduardo Ordóñez

Eduardo Ordóñez 3 Eduardo Ordóñez Munguira was a Puerto Rican footballer who is last known to have played as a midfielder for Atlético Madrid, in addition to having been a Puerto Rican baritone.

José Santos Chocano

José Santos Chocano 3 José Santos Chocano Gastañodi, more commonly known by his pseudonym "El Cantor de América", was a Peruvian poet, writer and diplomat, whose work was widely praised across Europe and Latin America. Considered by many to be one of the most important Spanish-American poets, his poetry of grandiloquent tone was very sonorous and full of color.

Pedro de Toledo, 1st Marquis of Mancera

Pedro de Toledo, 1st Marquis of Mancera 3 Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Leiva, 1st Marquis of Mancera, was a Spanish nobleman, general, colonial administrator, and diplomat. He served as Captain General of Galicia and Viceroy of Peru from December 18, 1639 to September 20, 1648.

Ciro Alegría

Ciro Alegría 3 Ciro Alegría Bazán was a Peruvian journalist, politician, and novelist.                             

Clare of Assisi

Clare of Assisi 3 Chiara Offreduccio, known as Clare of Assisi, was an Italian saint who was one of the first followers of Francis of Assisi.

Luis Montero

Luis Montero 3 Luis Montero, fue un pintor académico peruano uno de los más importantes y más referenciados en el siglo XIX. En 1847 recibió una "beca" del presidente Ramón Castilla para estudiar en la Academia de Florencia. En 1853 vuelve a recibir la segunda ayuda estatal del presidente peruano Rufino Echenique. Volvería a Florencia en 1861 para encumbrarse en este último viaje a Italia al pintar Los funerales de Atahualpa. Según Marco Iván Cabrera Hernández, en Montero confluyen dos tradiciones artísticas: el academicismo florentino que lo formó y la escuela francesa que asimiló y se evidencia en su obra cumbre Los funerales de Atahualpa.

Javier Heraud

Javier Heraud 3 Javier Heraud Pérez was a Peruvian poet and member of the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN). In his early life he studied at Markham College and later he continued his studies at Pontifical Catholic University of Peru.

Sixto Durán Ballén

Sixto Durán Ballén 3 Sixto Alfonso Durán-Ballén Cordovez was an Ecuadorian political figure and architect. He served as Mayor of Quito between 1970 and 1978. In 1951, he co-founded a political party, the Social Christian Party. In 1991, he left the Social Christian Party and formed a new conservative group, the Republican Union Party (PUR), before running for president for the third time in 1992.

Emilio Fernández

Emilio Fernández 3 Emilio "El Indio" Fernández Romo was a Mexican film director, actor and screenwriter. He was one of the most prolific film directors of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema in the 1940s and 1950s. He is best known for his work as director of the film María Candelaria (1944), which won the Palme d'Or award at the 1946 Cannes Film Festival. As an actor, he worked in numerous film productions in Mexico and in Hollywood. He was the father of the Mexican actor Jaime Fernández.

Emilio Cavenecia

Emilio Cavenecia 2 Emilio Cavenecia was a nineteenth-century Peruvian military hero killed in battle during the War of the Pacific. Emilio Cavenecia Avenue, in the financial district of San Isidro, Peru, is named in his honor.

José A. Larco

José A. Larco 2 Jose Alberto Larco nació en Alghero, Italia, en 1830; arribó al Perú en 1838 para trabajar con su tío Francisco Larco, en Lima. Fue promotor del Hospital Italiano de Lima, Presidente fundador del Banco Italiano y alcalde de Distrito de Miraflores. Falleció en su ciudad natal en 1900.

Felipe Pardo y Aliaga

Felipe Pardo y Aliaga 2 Felipe Pardo y Aliaga was a Peruvian poet, satirist, playwright, lawyer and politician.             

Toribio Romo González

Toribio Romo González 2 Toribio Romo González, known as Saint Toribio Romo was a Mexican Catholic priest and martyr who was killed during the anti-clerical persecutions of the Cristero War. Beatified and later canonized by Pope John Paul II along with 24 other saints and martyrs of the Cristero War, he is popularly venerated in Mexico and among Mexican immigrants, particularly for his reported miraculous appearances to migrants seeking to cross the Mexico–United States border.

Rufino Torrico

Rufino Torrico 2 José Rufino Torrico de Mendiburu fue un militar y político peruano y alcalde de Lima en tres ocasiones: en 1880-1881, en 1883-1884 y en 1895. En enero de 1881, su gestión ayudó a detener en parte la violencia y el saqueo de Lima por parte de los soldados en retirada de la batalla de Miraflores y fue la máxima autoridad peruana en el momento de la entrada de las tropas chilenas en la capital del Perú. Después de la Guerra del Pacífico, se unió al Partido Constitucional de Andrés Avelino Cáceres a quien sirvió como ministro de Guerra y Marina (1886-87), y de Gobierno y Policía (1894-95). Fue también senador en el Congreso de la República. En 1895, inmediatamente después de la guerra civil entre caceristas y pierolistas, se encargó nuevamente del gobierno de Lima. En su memoria, un importante jirón o arteria del centro histórico de Lima lleva su nombre.

Pedro Conde

Pedro Conde 2 Pedro Conde was an Argentine colonel. He fought against the British invasions of the Río de la Plata, and the 1814 siege of Montevideo. He joined the Army of the Andes and fought in the battles of Chacabuco, Cancha Rayada and Maipú.

José Manso de Velasco, 1st Count of Superunda

José Manso de Velasco, 1st Count of Superunda 2 José Antonio Manso de Velasco y Sánchez de Samaniego, KOS was a Spanish soldier and politician who served as governor of Chile and viceroy of Peru.

Gregorio Escobedo

Gregorio Escobedo 2 Gregorio Franco Paula Escobedo Rodríguez fue un militar peruano que participó en la guerra de la independencia del Perú y en las guerras civiles de los inicios de la república. Fue uno de los líderes militares que protagonizaron la toma de los cuarteles españoles la noche del 8 de octubre de 1820, durante las revueltas libertarias de la independencia de Guayaquil, que formaba parte del gobierno de Guayaquil, dentro del Virreinato del Perú y fue un de los firmantes de su acta de independencia.

Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco

Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco 2 Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco Iturralde was a Peruvian politician and military leader who served as the President of Peru from 1843 to 1844. He was born in Lima, Peru. He led part of the Peruvian forces in the campaign against the reunification of Peru-Bolivian Confederacy.

Eugenio Garzón

Eugenio Garzón 2 Eugenio Garzón fue un militar uruguayo que participó en la guerra de la independencia y en las guerras civiles de la Argentina y el Uruguay.

Ernesto Diez-Canseco Masías

Ernesto Diez-Canseco Masías 2 Ernesto Diez-Canseco Masías, fue un ingeniero, catedrático universitario y político peruano. Fue Senador de la República y Presidente del Senado (1943-1945).

Pancho Fierro

Pancho Fierro 2 Francisco Fierro Palas, called "Pancho" Fierro, was a Peruvian painter, known primarily for his costumbrista watercolors, which depict his country's life and customs.

Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Vasco Núñez de Balboa 2 Vasco Núñez de Balboa was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He is best known for crossing the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513, becoming the first European to lead an expedition to have seen or reached the Pacific from the New World.

Narciso de la Colina

Narciso de la Colina 2 Narciso Antonio Joaquín de la Colina y Morales fue un hacendado, empresario, político y precursor peruano de la independencia.

Ladislao Espinar

Ladislao Espinar 2 Ladislao Espinar Carrera. Militar peruano con el grado de teniente coronel, héroe de la Guerra del Pacífico.

Francisco Graña Garland

Francisco Graña Garland 2 Francisco Graña Garland, fue un empresario y periodista peruano. Su muerte, presumiblemente por orden del partido aprista, trajo graves consecuencias políticas al gobierno de José Luis Bustamante y Rivero, que acabó siendo derrocado en 1948.

Ernesto Montagne Sánchez

Ernesto Montagne Sánchez 2 Ernesto Montagne Sánchez was a Peruvian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Peru from October 3, 1968, to January 31, 1973. He was born on August 18, 1916, in Lima.

José Domingo Amunátegui

José Domingo Amunátegui 2 José Domingo Amunátegui Borgoño was a Chilean Brigadier General who participated across many battles of the War of the Pacific as well as a primary commander of the Lima campaign.

Manuel Bonilla

Manuel Bonilla 2 General Manuel Bonilla Chirinos was a military officer with the rank of Major General and President of Honduras from 13 April 1903 to 25 February 1907, and again from 1 February 1912 to 21 March 1913. He had previously served as Vice President of Honduras from 1895 to 1899.

Tomás Unger

Tomás Unger 2 Tomás Unger Golsztyn fue un reconocido divulgador científico, periodista y autor peruano-polaco.   

José Arnaldo Márquez

José Arnaldo Márquez 2 José Arnaldo Márquez, fue un poeta, dramaturgo, ensayista, maestro, periodista, traductor, diplomático, militar y viajero peruano. También se le recuerda como inventor de una máquina para componer matrices tipográficas, precursora de la linotipia. Representante de la poesía romántica peruana en su vertiente filosófica y social, junto con Luis Benjamín Cisneros. Supo armonizar el sentimiento individualista romántico con las inquietudes humanitarias de su tiempo y una adhesión a los ideales socialistas, siendo el primer poeta peruano con preocupación social. Tratado injusta y despectivamente por el crítico peruano José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma, su vida y obra fue olvidada y actualmente su nombre solo se evoca en ciertas calles y avenidas de algunos distritos de Lima, como el de Jesús María.

Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati

Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati 2 Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati was a Peruvian politician who served as 105th Prime Minister of Peru for six months in 1967 and 1968. He was Minister of Economy and Finance from January to March 1968. He was later Peru's Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Fernando Belaúnde

Fernando Belaúnde 2 Fernando Sergio Marcelo Marcos Belaúnde Terry was a Peruvian politician who twice served as President of Peru. Deposed by a military coup in 1968, he was re-elected in 1980 after twelve years of military rule.

Bernardo de Monteagudo

Bernardo de Monteagudo 2 Bernardo de Monteagudo (1789–1825) was a political activist and revolutionary. He took part in the liberation struggles in South America, particularly in Argentina.

Pablo Carriquiry Maurer

Pablo Carriquiry Maurer 2 Pablo Carriquiry Maurer fue un abogado y empresario peruano.                                       

Esteban Salmón de Luna

Esteban Salmón de Luna 2 Esteban Salmón de Luna fue un militar y político peruano. Es considerado un prócer de la independencia del Perú y fue uno de los firmantes del Acta de Independencia del Perú.

Javier Pérez de Cuéllar

Javier Pérez de Cuéllar 2 Javier Felipe Ricardo Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra was a Peruvian diplomat and politician who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1982 to 1991. He later served as Prime Minister of Peru from 2000 to 2001.

Pope John Paul II

Pope John Paul II 2 Pope John Paul II was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 until his death in 2005.

Juan Gualberto Valdivia

Juan Gualberto Valdivia 2 Juan Gualberto Valdivia Cornejo, mencionado también como el Deán Valdivia, fue un eclesiástico, abogado, historiador, periodista y político peruano. Personificó la pasión regionalista de los arequipeños.

Rancho San Ramon (Amador)

Rancho San Ramon (Amador) 2 Rancho San Ramon was a 20,968-acre (84.85 km2) Mexican land grant in the southern San Ramon Valley of present-day Contra Costa County, California. Rancho San Ramon (Pacheco-Castro) was adjacent in the northern San Ramon Valley.

Justo Arias y Aragüez

Justo Arias y Aragüez 2 José Justo Arias y Aragüez fue un militar peruano. Durante la Guerra del Pacífico fue el primer jefe del batallón "Granaderos de Tacna", y murió combatiendo bravamente en la batalla de Arica.

Diego Ferré

Diego Ferré 2 Diego Ferré Sosa fue un marino peruano. Héroe de la Guerra del Pacífico, falleció en el combate naval de Angamos el 8 de octubre de 1879, al lado de Miguel Grau.

Carlos de los Heros

Carlos de los Heros 2 Carlos de los Heros Aguilar (1850-1878) was a Peruvian sailor and war hero of the War of the Pacific. He was known for his death during the Second Battle of Antofagasta and was the only Peruvian death in the battle.

Alfredo Palacios

Alfredo Palacios 2 Alfredo Lorenzo Palacios was an Argentine socialist politician.                                     

Brigida Silva de Ochoa

Brigida Silva de Ochoa 2 Brigida Silva de Ochoa was born in Peru in 1776. She came from a family of insurgents in Peruvian war of independence. Her older brother, Coronal Remigio Silva, was arrested during the conspiracy of 1809 and imprisoned, and her younger brother Mateo was a supporter of the failed governmental overthrow of 1809. Her brother Mateo was arrested and imprisoned for ten years. At age 18 she married Francisco Ochoa Camargo, a Cuzco native, who shared her family’s politics.

Pedro Beltrán Espantoso

Pedro Beltrán Espantoso 2 Pedro Gerardo María Beltrán Espantoso, was a Peruvian journalist, economist and politician. From 1959 to 1961, he was the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance under Manuel Prado Ugarteche.

Horacio Urteaga

Horacio Urteaga 2 Horacio Homero Urteaga López quien firmaba como Horacio H. Urteaga fue un historiador, escritor, político y catedrático universitario peruano. Como historiador centró sus estudios en los períodos incaico y colonial.

José María Córdova

José María Córdova 2 José María Córdova Muñoz, also known as the "Hero of Ayacucho", was a General of the Colombian army during the Independence War of Colombia, Perú, and Bolivia from Spain.

Afrânio de Melo Franco

Afrânio de Melo Franco 2 Afrânio de Mello Franco GCC foi um diplomata e político brasileiro.                                 

Cayetano Heredia

Cayetano Heredia 2 Cayetano Heredia was a Peruvian physician, born in Catacaos, Piura, northwestern Peru. He studied medicine at the Royal College of Medicine and Surgery of the National University of San Marcos. Together with Hipólito Unanue, he was one of the two greatest Peruvian physicians of the 19th century. He happened to live through the tense period of the struggle for independence of Peru from Spain, and his participation in political life was as intense as the time and effort he devoted to medicine. He was the fist dean of the Faculty of Medicine San Fernando. He died in Lima on 1861.

Hermilio Valdizán

Hermilio Valdizán 2 Hermilio Valdizán was a Peruvian physician who specialized in psychiatry.                           

Manuel Sebastián Ugarte y Moscoso

Manuel Sebastián Ugarte y Moscoso 2 Manuel Sebastián Ugarte y Moscoso fue un militar peruano. Es reconocido como héroe nacional de la Medicina Naval del Perú, así como del Cuerpo General de Bomberos Voluntarios del Perú, perteneciente a la Bomba Lima. Manuel Sebastián Ugarte y Moscoso murió durante la Guerra del Pacífico.

Miguel Antonio Checa Eguiguren

Miguel Antonio Checa Eguiguren 2 Miguel Antonio Checa Eguiguren fue un hacendado, abogado y político peruano.                       

Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I of Castile 2 Isabella I, also called Isabella the Catholic, was Queen of Castile and León from 1474 until her death in 1504. She was also Queen of Aragon from 1479 until her death as the wife of King Ferdinand II. Reigning together over a dynastically unified Spain, Isabella and Ferdinand are known as the Catholic Monarchs.

Frederic Remington

Frederic Remington 2 Frederic Sackrider Remington was an American painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer who specialized in the genre of Western American Art. His works are known for depicting the Western United States in the last quarter of the 19th century and featuring such images as cowboys, American Indians, and the US Cavalry.

Francisco García Calderón

Francisco García Calderón 2 Francisco García Calderón Landa was a lawyer and Provisional President of the Republic of Peru for a short seven-month period in 1881, during the War of the Pacific. García Calderón was a key figure in the final peace accords between Peru and Chile. Later in post-presidential career, in 1892, he was commissioned to arbitrate land disputes between Peru and Ecuador, which centered on the contested provinces of Mainas, Jaén and Tumbes. He was an academic as well, having authored a comprehensive history of the previously-mentioned contested provinces, as well as a monograph on Peruvian legislation titled, Diccionario de la Legislación Peruana.

José Joaquín Inclán

José Joaquín Inclán 2 José Joaquín Inclán González-Vigil, fue un militar peruano, héroe de la batalla de Arica.           

José Gálvez Barrenechea

José Gálvez Barrenechea 2 José Gálvez Barrenechea was a Peruvian poet, writer, journalist, university professor, and politician. He was Minister of Justice, Worship and Instruction (1931); Minister of Foreign Relations (1931); First Vice President of the Republic (1945–1948); President of the Senate (1956–1957), and also Grand Master of the Masonic Grand Lodge of Peru (1955–1956), among other academic and political positions, which he carried out with notable success.

Chachapoya culture

Chachapoya culture 2 The Chachapoyas, also called the "Warriors of the Clouds", was a culture of the Andes living in the cloud forests of the southern part of the Department of Amazonas of present-day Peru. The Inca Empire conquered their civilization shortly before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. At the time of the arrival of the conquistadors, the Chachapoyas were one of the many nations ruled by the Incas, although their incorporation had been difficult due to their constant resistance to Inca troops.

Federico Barreto

Federico Barreto 2 Federico Barreto was a Peruvian poet and writer best known for his poetry collection El cantor del cautiverio.

Alonso de Molina

Alonso de Molina 2 Alonso de Molina was a Franciscan priest and grammarian, who wrote a well-known dictionary of the Nahuatl language published in 1571 and still used by scholars working on Nahuatl texts in the tradition of the New Philology. He also wrote a bilingual confessional manual for priests who served in Nahuatl-speaking communities.

Andrés Martínez Trueba

Andrés Martínez Trueba 2 Andrés Martínez Trueba was the President of Uruguay from 1951 to 1955.                             

Pablo Patrón

Pablo Patrón 2 Pablo Patrón Faustos fue un médico peruano, apasionado por la arqueología y los estudios lingüísticos, bibliográficos, históricos y geográficos. Escribió varios libros y monografías en las que demostró gran erudición, aunque sus teorías aún no han sido contrastadas científicamente.

Francisco Masías

Francisco Masías 2 Juan Francisco Luis Masías Rodríguez, más conocido como Francisco Masías fue un pintor peruano. Artista bohemio, es uno de los representantes del neoacademicismo peruano. Autor de cuadros religiosos, retratos, bodegones y paisajes.

Bartolomé Herrera

Bartolomé Herrera 2 Bartolomé Herrera Vélez fue un sacerdote, filósofo y político peruano. Pensador de tendencia ultramontana y antiliberal, es el máximo representante del conservadurismo peruano del siglo XIX. Fue director de la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú (1839); rector del Colegio de San Carlos (1842-1846); diputado por Lima (1849-1851); presidente de la Cámara de Diputados (1849-1851); Ministro de Justicia e Instrucción Pública (1851-1852); Ministro de Gobierno y Relaciones Exteriores (1851-1852); diputado por Jauja (1858-1860); presidente del Congreso Constituyente de 1860; y Obispo de Arequipa (1861-1864). Su pensamiento lo plasmó en diversos escritos y discursos, siendo los más célebres su oración fúnebre en memoria del presidente Agustín Gamarra (1842) y su sermón de acción de gracias por el aniversario de la Independencia (1846).

Carlos Fitzcarrald

Carlos Fitzcarrald 2 Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald López was a Peruvian rubber baron. He was born in San Luis, Ancash, in a province that was later named after him. In the early 1890s, Fitzcarrald discovered the Isthmus of Fitzcarrald, which was a portage route from the Ucayali River into the Madre de Dios River basin. Fitzcarrald became known as the "King of Caucho" due to his success during the rubber boom. His enterprise exploited and enslaved Asháninka, Mashco-Piro, Harákmbut, Shipibo-Conibo and other native groups, who were then dedicated to the extraction of rubber. In 1897, Fitzcarrald, along with his Bolivian business partner Antonio Vaca Díez, drowned in an accident on the Urubamba River.

Philipp Lenard

Philipp Lenard 2 Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard was a Hungarian-born German physicist and the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1905 for his work on cathode rays and the discovery of many of their properties. One of his most important contributions was the experimental realization of the photoelectric effect. He discovered that the energy (speed) of the electrons ejected from a cathode depends only on the frequency, and not the intensity, of the incident light.

Ramiro Prialé

Ramiro Prialé 2 Ramiro Abelardo Prialé Prialé was a Peruvian politician. A member of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, he was a friend of Víctor Raúl Haya De La Torre. He served as the President of the Senate from July 1964 to July 1965, and from July 1987 until his death. Several roads and places in Lima are named for him.

Pedro de Osma y Pardo

Pedro de Osma y Pardo 2 Pedro de Osma y Pardo fue un abogado y político peruano. Dirigente del Partido Demócrata o pierolista, fundó el diario La Prensa en 1903, para que fuera el vocero oficial de su partido. Fue además presidente de la Cámara de Diputados (1902), alcalde de Barranco (1915-1917), alcalde de Lima (1915-1916) y presidente del Club Nacional (1921-1922).

Miguel Iglesias

Miguel Iglesias 2 Miguel Iglesias Pino de Arce was born on 11 June 1830 in Cajamarca, Peru, and died on 7 November 1909 in Lima, Peru. He was a Peruvian soldier, general, and politician who served as the 26th President of Peru from 1882 to 1885.

Carlos Tenaud

Carlos Tenaud 2 Carlos Tenaud Pomar fue un aviador peruano. Fue uno de los pioneros de la aviación mundial y héroe de la aviación civil.

Augusto B. Leguía

Augusto B. Leguía 2 Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo was a Peruvian politician who served as President of Peru from 1908 to 1912 and from 1919 to 1930, the latter term known as El Oncenio de Leguía.

José María Arguedas

José María Arguedas 2 José María Arguedas Altamirano was a Peruvian novelist, poet, and anthropologist. Arguedas was an author of mestizo descent who was fluent in the Quechua language. That fluency was gained by Arguedas’s living in two Quechua households from the age of 7 to 11. First, he lived in the Indigenous servant quarters of his stepmother's home, then, escaping her "perverse and cruel" son, with an Indigenous family approved by his father. Arguedas wrote novels, short stories, and poems in both Spanish and Quechua.

Jorge C. Muelle

Jorge C. Muelle 2 Jorge C. Muelle fue un arqueólogo, antropólogo y docente peruano. Discípulo de Max Uhle, Wendell Bennett y Alfred L. Kroeber, publicó importantes trabajos sobre las investigaciones que realizó a lo largo del territorio peruano. Fue también director del Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú.

Daniel Olaechea

Daniel Olaechea 2 Daniel Agustín Olaechea y Olaechea fue un abogado, diplomático y político peruano. Fue Ministro de Justicia, Instrucción, Culto y Beneficencia en 1933.

José Balta

José Balta 2 José Balta y Montero was a Peruvian soldier and politician who served as the 19th President of Peru from 1868 to 1872. He was the son of John Balta Bru and Agustina Montero Casafranca.

Inca Roca

Inca Roca 2 Inca Roca was the sixth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco and the first of the Hanan ("upper") Qusqu dynasty. His wife was Mama Michay, and his son was Yawar Waqaq.

Nicolás de Araníbar

Nicolás de Araníbar 2 Nicolás de Araníbar Fernández Cornejo fue un abogado, magistrado y político peruano. Fue diputado y presidente del Primer Congreso Constituyente del Perú (1823), senador de la República (1829-1832), ministro de Gobierno y Relaciones Exteriores (1832) y presidente de la Corte Suprema en varios períodos.

Esteban Campodónico

Esteban Campodónico 2 Esteban Campodónico Figallo fue un médico, catedrático, humanista y filántropo italoperuano.       

Domingo Orué y Mirones

Domingo Orué y Mirones 2 Domingo de Orúe y Mirones fue un político peruano.                                                 

Gustavo Jiménez

Gustavo Jiménez 2 Gustavo Jiménez was a Peruvian colonel who served as Interim President of Peru, officially as the President of the Provisional Government Junta, in 1931.

Francisco Laso

Francisco Laso 2 José Francisco Domingo Laso de la Vega y de los Ríos was a Peruvian painter and politician. During his lifetime he was mostly known for his portraits, but is now better known for creating works that were precursors to indigenismo in art.

Enrique Martinelli Tizón

Enrique Martinelli Tizón 2 Enrique Ignacio Martinelli Tizón fue un ingeniero y político peruano. Diputado y senador por Apurímac, presidió el Senado del Perú en dos ocasiones y el Jockey Club del Perú en cuatro oportunidades.

Samuel del Alcázar

Samuel del Alcázar 2 Samuel del Alcázar y Huguet. Militar, Coronel del Ejército del Perú, muerto en Chota en 1924.       

Cristóbal de Peralta

Cristóbal de Peralta 2 Cristóbal de Peralta, militar español. Participó en la conquista del Perú y fue uno de los Trece de la fama, es decir, uno de los trece soldados españoles que no quisieron abandonar a Francisco Pizarro en la isla del Gallo.

Rivett Henry Bland

Rivett Henry Bland 2 Rivett Henry Bland was an early settler and a government administrator in colonial Australia.     

Luis Felipe de Las Casas Grieve

Luis Felipe de Las Casas Grieve 2 Luis Felipe de Las Casas Grieve (1916–1988) was a Peruvian politician and engineer. He was a featured member of APRA, centre-left Peruvian political party. During the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado was Ambassador to Venezuela.

Adam Smith

Adam Smith 2 Adam Smith was a Scottish economist and philosopher who was a pioneer in the thinking of political economy and key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment. Seen by some as "The Father of Economics" or "The Father of Capitalism", he wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter, often abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work that treats economics as a comprehensive system and as an academic discipline. Smith refuses to explain the distribution of wealth and power in terms of God's will and instead appeals to natural, political, social, economic, legal, environmental and technological factors and the interactions among them. Among other economic theories, the work introduced Smith's idea of absolute advantage.

Ricardo Bentín Sánchez

Ricardo Bentín Sánchez 2 Ricardo Bentín Sánchez was a Peruvian politician, soldier and businessman. He participated in the Peruvian resistance during the Pacific War. He became President of the Congress of the Republic (1913) and first Vice President of the Republic (1915-1919).

Pedro Diez Canseco

Pedro Diez Canseco 2 Pedro Diez Canseco Corbacho was a Peruvian soldier and politician who served as President of Peru in 1863 and again in 1868; he also served as Interim President of Peru in 1865. He served as the second vice president from October 1862 to 1863. He was the brother of Francisco Diez Canseco, and a great-grandfather of Fernando Belaunde Terry.

Juan Tomis Stack

Juan Tomis Stack 2 Juan Edmundo Tomis Stack, conocido como Padre Juan Tomis, fue un sacerdote católico destacado por la diócesis de Bridgeport, Connecticut, como misionero en el norte peruano. Se le reconoce como el gran impulsor de la Parroquia San Juan María Vianney de Chiclayo (SJMV), Perú (1967-1986). Su labor pastoral excedió los límites de su parroquia para llegar a sectores vulnerables donde hubieran enfermos, presos, discapacitados, o desplazados, que respondieron a su mensaje incondicionalmente, porque supo utilizar el lenguaje “de corazón a corazón,” de un pastor que hablaba más con el ejemplo de su trabajo que por la fluidez de un idioma que no era el suyo.

Francisco Tudela y Varela

Francisco Tudela y Varela 2 Francisco Tudela y Varela was a French-born Peruvian diplomat, lawyer and politician. He was born in Paris, France. He graduated from the National University of San Marcos and served on its faculty. He was a member of the Civilista Party. He was Minister of Finance and foreign minister in the Government of Peru. He was 68th Prime Minister of Peru under President José Pardo y Barreda. He served as ambassador of Peru to Spain and the United States (1918–1919), and later to the Netherlands (1936). He served as President of the Chamber of Deputies (1915–1916). He served as mayor of Lima.

Mariano Ignacio Prado

Mariano Ignacio Prado 2 Mariano Ignacio Prado Ochoa was a Peruvian army general who served as the 17th and 21st President of Peru.

Enrique Guzmán y Valle

Enrique Guzmán y Valle 2 Enrique Guzmán y Valle, was a Peruvian chemist and professor.                                       

Francisco Diez Canseco

Francisco Diez Canseco 2 Francisco Diez Canseco Corbacho served as Interim President of Peru for a brief period during 1872. He was the brother of General Pedro Diez Canseco.

Pedro Gálvez Egúsquiza

Pedro Gálvez Egúsquiza 2 Pedro Gálvez Egúsquiza was a Peruvian lawyer, politician, educator and diplomat. A staunch liberal, he was one of the leaders of the Liberal Revolution of 1854 headed by General Ramón Castilla. He is remembered for having been the drafter of the decree that abolished the tribute of the natives. He was Minister of Justice and Worship in 1855, and Minister of Finance and Commerce in 1862, in the second government of Ramón Castilla; President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Government (1868–1869) in the government of José Balta; constituent deputy (1855–1857) and senator (1868–1869). Likewise, he exercised various diplomatic representations in the United States, Latin America and Europe.

José Baquíjano y Carrillo

José Baquíjano y Carrillo 2 José Javier Leandro de Baquíjano y Carrillo de Córdoba, III conde de Vistaflorida fue un economista, jurista, escritor y político hispanoperuano, y uno de los primeros grandes intelectuales del virreinato del Perú.
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