Famous people on Romania's street names


Mihai Eminescu

Mihai Eminescu 116 Mihai Eminescu was a Romanian Romantic poet from Moldavia, novelist, and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet. Eminescu was an active member of the Junimea literary society and worked as an editor for the newspaper Timpul, the official newspaper of the Conservative Party (1880–1918). His poetry was first published when he was 16 and he went to Vienna, Austria to study when he was 19. The poet's manuscripts, containing 46 volumes and approximately 14,000 pages, were offered by Titu Maiorescu as a gift to the Romanian Academy during the meeting that was held on 25 January 1902. Notable works include Luceafărul, Odă în metru antic, and the five Letters (Epistles/Satires). In his poems, he frequently used metaphysical, mythological and historical subjects.

Tudor Vladimirescu

Tudor Vladimirescu 114 Tudor Vladimirescu was a Romanian revolutionary hero, the leader of the Wallachian uprising of 1821 and of the Pandur militia. He is also known as Tudor din Vladimiri or, occasionally, as Domnul Tudor.

Michael the Brave

Michael the Brave 105 Michael the Brave, born as Mihai Pătrașcu, was the Prince of Wallachia, Prince of Moldavia (1600) and de facto ruler of Transylvania (1599–1600). He is considered one of Romania's greatest national heroes. Since the 19th century, Michael the Brave has been regarded by Romanian nationalists as a symbol of Romanian unity, as his reign marked the first time all principalities inhabited by Romanians were under the same ruler.

Stephen the Great

Stephen the Great 96 Stephen III, commonly known as Stephen the Great ; died on 2 July 1504), was Voivode of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504. He was the son of and co-ruler with Bogdan II, who was murdered in 1451 in a conspiracy organized by his brother and Stephen's uncle Peter III Aaron, who took the throne. Stephen fled to Hungary, and later to Wallachia; with the support of Vlad III Țepeș, Voivode of Wallachia, he returned to Moldavia, forcing Aaron to seek refuge in Poland in the summer of 1457. Teoctist I, Metropolitan of Moldavia, anointed Stephen prince. He attacked Poland and prevented Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland, from supporting Peter Aaron, but eventually acknowledged Casimir's suzerainty in 1459.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza

Alexandru Ioan Cuza 95 Alexandru Ioan Cuza was the first domnitor (ruler) of the Romanian Principalities through his double election as prince of Moldavia on 5 January 1859 and prince of Wallachia on 24 January 1859, which resulted in the unification of the two states. He was a prominent figure of the Revolution of 1848 in Moldavia. Following his double election, he initiated a series of reforms that contributed to the modernization of Romanian society and of state structures.

Nicolae Bălcescu

Nicolae Bălcescu 92 Nicolae Bălcescu was a Romanian Wallachian soldier, historian, journalist, and leader of the 1848 Wallachian Revolution.

Avram Iancu

Avram Iancu 83 Avram Iancu was a Transylvanian Romanian lawyer who played an important role in the local chapter of the Austrian Empire Revolutions of 1848–1849. He was especially active in the Țara Moților region and the Apuseni Mountains. The rallying of peasants around him, as well as the allegiance he paid to the Habsburg monarchy, earned him the moniker Crăișorul Munților ..


Trajan 83 Trajan was a Roman emperor from AD 98 to 117, the second of the Five Good Emperors of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty. He was a philanthropic ruler and a successful soldier-emperor who led the Roman Empire to its greatest territorial extent by the time of his death. He was given the title of Optimus by the Roman Senate.

Vasile Alecsandri

Vasile Alecsandri 75 Vasile Alecsandri was a Romanian patriot, poet, dramatist, politician and diplomat. He was one of the key figures during the 1848 revolutions in Moldavia and Wallachia. He fought for the unification of the Romanian Principalities, writing "Hora Unirii" in 1856 and giving up his candidacy for the title of prince of Moldavia, in favor of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. He became the first minister of foreign affairs of Romania and was one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy. Alecsandri was a prolific writer, contributing to Romanian literature with poetry, prose, several plays, and collections of Romanian folklore, being considered, alongside Mihai Eminescu, which admired and was inspired by the writings of Alecsandri, as one of the most important Romanian writers in the second half of the 19th century.

George Coșbuc

George Coșbuc 74 George Coșbuc was a Romanian poet, translator, teacher, and journalist, best remembered for his verses describing, praising and eulogizing rural life, its many travails but also its occasions for joy. In 1916 he was elected titular member of the Romanian Academy.

Vasile Ursu Nicola

Vasile Ursu Nicola 74 Vasile Ursu Nicola (1731 in Arada, Principality of Transylvania – 28 February 1785 in Karlsburg, commonly known as Horea was a Transylvanian peasant who, with Ion Oarga and Marcu Giurgiu, led the two-month-long peasant rebellion that began in the Metaliferi Mountains villages of Curechiu and Mesteacăn in late 1784 and that was known as the Revolt of Horea, Cloșca and Crișan.

György Dózsa

György Dózsa 69 György Dózsa was a Székely man-at-arms from Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary who led a peasants' revolt against the kingdom's landed nobility during the reign of King Vladislaus II of Hungary. The rebellion was suppressed, and Dózsa captured, tortured, and executed by being seated on a throne, crowned with red-hot iron, devoured alive by his followers under duress, then quartered.

Ion Creangă

Ion Creangă 65 Ion Creangă was a Moldavian, later Romanian writer, raconteur and schoolteacher. A main figure in 19th-century Romanian literature, he is best known for his Childhood Memories volume, his novellas and short stories, and his many anecdotes. Creangă's main contribution to fantasy and children's literature includes narratives structured around eponymous protagonists, as well as fairy tales indebted to conventional forms. Widely seen as masterpieces of the Romanian language and local humor, his writings occupy the middle ground between a collection of folkloric sources and an original contribution to a literary realism of rural inspiration. They are accompanied by a set of contributions to erotic literature, collectively known as his "corrosives".

Mihail Kogălniceanu

Mihail Kogălniceanu 63 Mihail Kogălniceanu was a Romanian liberal statesman, lawyer, historian and publicist; he became Prime Minister of Romania on October 11, 1863, after the 1859 union of the Danubian Principalities under Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and later served as Foreign Minister under Carol I. He was several times Interior Minister under Cuza and Carol. A polymath, Kogălniceanu was one of the most influential Romanian intellectuals of his generation. Siding with the moderate liberal current for most of his lifetime, he began his political career as a collaborator of Prince Mihail Sturdza, while serving as head of the Iași Theater and issuing several publications together with the poet Vasile Alecsandri and the activist Ion Ghica. After editing the highly influential magazine Dacia Literară and serving as a professor at Academia Mihăileană, Kogălniceanu came into conflict with the authorities over his Romantic nationalist inaugural speech of 1843. He was the ideologue of the abortive 1848 Moldavian revolution, authoring its main document, Dorințele partidei naționale din Moldova.

Ion Luca Caragiale

Ion Luca Caragiale 60 Ion Luca Caragiale, commonly referred to as I. L. Caragiale, was a Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. Leaving behind an important cultural legacy, he is considered one of the greatest playwrights in Romanian language and literature, as well as one of its most important writers and a leading representative of local humour. Alongside Mihai Eminescu, Ioan Slavici and Ion Creangă, he is seen as one of the main representatives of Junimea, an influential literary society with which he nonetheless parted during the second half of his life. His work, spanning four decades, covers the ground between Neoclassicism, Realism, and Naturalism, building on an original synthesis of foreign and local influences.

Nicolae Iorga

Nicolae Iorga 59 Nicolae Iorga was a Romanian politician who held top posts, including Prime Minister and president of the Senate. He was also a historian, literary critic, memoirist, albanologist, poet and playwright. Co-founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party (PND), he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly, and cabinet minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, establishing his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris and several other academic institutions, Iorga was founder of the International Congress of Byzantine Studies and the Institute of South-East European Studies (ISSEE). His activity also included the transformation of Vălenii de Munte town into a cultural and academic center.

Ion Oargă Cloșca

Ion Oargă Cloșca 59 Ion Oargă, poreclit Cloșca, a fost împreună cu Horea și Crișan lider al răscoalei de la 1784.       


Decebalus 57 Decebalus, sometimes referred to as Diurpaneus, was the last Dacian king. He is famous for fighting three wars, with varying success, against the Roman Empire under two emperors. After raiding south across the Danube, he defeated a Roman invasion in the reign of Domitian, securing a period of independence during which Decebalus consolidated his rule.


Crișan 55 Gheorghe Giurgiu, cunoscut sub numele de Gheorghe Crișan sau Crișan, a fost, împreună cu Horea și Cloșca, unul dintre conducătorii răscoalei din Transilvania din 1784.

Aurel Vlaicu

Aurel Vlaicu 51 Aurel Vlaicu was a Romanian engineer, inventor, airplane constructor, and early pilot.             

Nicolae Titulescu

Nicolae Titulescu 47 Nicolae Titulescu was a Romanian politician and diplomat, at various times ambassador, finance minister, and foreign minister, and for two terms president of the General Assembly of the League of Nations (1930–32).

George Enescu

George Enescu 42 George Enescu, known in France as Georges Enesco, was a Romanian composer, violinist, conductor, and teacher and is regarded as one of the greatest musicians in Romanian history.

Dimitrie Cantemir

Dimitrie Cantemir 40 Dimitrie or Demetrius Cantemir, also known by other spellings, was a Moldavian prince, statesman, and man of letters. He twice served as voivode of Moldavia. During his second term he allied his state with Russia in a war against Moldavia's Ottoman overlords; Russia's defeat forced Cantemir's family into exile and the replacement of the native voivodes by Greek phanariots. Cantemir was also a prolific writer, variously a philosopher, historian, composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer. His son Antioch, Russia's ambassador to Great Britain and France and a friend of Montesquieu and Voltaire, would become known as "the father of Russian poetry".

Alexandru Vlahuță

Alexandru Vlahuță 39 Alexandru Vlahuță was a Romanian writer. His best known work is România pitorească, an overview of Romania's landscape in the form of a travelogue. He was also the main editor of Sămănătorul magazine, alongside George Coșbuc.

Ana Ipătescu

Ana Ipătescu 38 Ana Ipătescu (1805–1875) was a Romanian revolutionary who participated in the Wallachian Revolution of 1848.

Nicolae Grigorescu

Nicolae Grigorescu 36 Nicolae Grigorescu was one of the founders of modern Romanian painting.                             

Mircea the Elder

Mircea the Elder 36 Mircea the Elder was the Voivode of Wallachia from 1386 until his death in 1418. He was the son of Radu I of Wallachia and brother of Dan I of Wallachia, after whose death he inherited the throne.

Andrei Mureșanu

Andrei Mureșanu 36 Andrei Mureșanu was a Romanian poet and revolutionary of Transylvania.                             

Matei Basarab

Matei Basarab 34 Matei Basarab was a Wallachian Voivode (Prince) between 1632 and 1654.                             

Ecaterina Teodoroiu

Ecaterina Teodoroiu 33 Ecaterina Teodoroiu was a Romanian woman who fought on the front and died in World War I, and is regarded as a heroine of Romania.

Simion Bărnuțiu

Simion Bărnuțiu 33 Simion Bărnuțiu was a Transylvanian, later Romanian historian, academic, philosopher, jurist, and liberal politician. A leader of the 1848 revolutionary movement of Transylvanian Romanians, he represented its Eastern Rite Catholic wing. Bărnuțiu lived for a large part of his life in Moldavia, and was for long a professor of philosophy at Academia Mihăileană and at the University of Iași.

Vlad the Impaler

Vlad the Impaler 33 Vlad III, commonly known as Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Dracula, was Voivode of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death in 1476/77. He is often considered one of the most important rulers in Wallachian history and a national hero of Romania.

Constantin Brâncoveanu

Constantin Brâncoveanu 32 Constantin Brâncoveanu was Prince of Wallachia between 1688 and 1714.                               

Petru Rareș

Petru Rareș 31 Petru Rareș, sometimes known as Petryła or Peter IV, was twice voivode of Moldavia: 20 January 1527 to 18 September 1538 and 19 February 1541 to 3 September 1546. He was an illegitimate child born to Stephen the Great. His mother was Maria Răreșoaia of Hârlău, whose existence is not historically documented but who is said to have been the wife of a wealthy boyar fish-merchant nicknamed Rareș "rare-haired". Rareș thus was not Petru's actual name but a nickname of his mother's husband.

Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea

Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea 30 Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea was a Romanian Marxist theorist, politician, sociologist, literary critic, and journalist. He was also an entrepreneur in the city of Ploiești. Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea was the father of communist activist Alexandru Dobrogeanu-Gherea and of philosopher Ionel Gherea.

Octavian Goga

Octavian Goga 30 Octavian Goga was a Romanian far-right politician, poet, playwright, journalist, and translator.   

Gheorghe Lazăr

Gheorghe Lazăr 29 Gheorghe Lazăr, was a Transylvanian Romanian scholar, the founder of the first Romanian language school in Bucharest, 1817.

Lucian Blaga

Lucian Blaga 29 Lucian Blaga was a Romanian philosopher, poet, playwright, poetry translator and novelist. He was a commanding personality of the Romanian culture of the interbellum period.

Popa Șapcă

Popa Șapcă 29 Popa Șapcă a fost un preot, haiduc și revoluționar român. Cu el se încheie epoca haiducilor și pandurilor celebri din Oltenia.

Liviu Rebreanu

Liviu Rebreanu 28 Liviu Rebreanu was a Romanian novelist, playwright, short story writer, and journalist.             

Miron Costin

Miron Costin 28 Miron Costin was a Moldavian (Romanian) political figure and chronicler. His main work, Letopiseţul Ţărâi Moldovei [de la Aron Vodă încoace] was meant to extend Grigore Ureche's narrative, covering events from 1594 to 1660. The Chronicles were first published in 1675.

Mihail Sadoveanu

Mihail Sadoveanu 28 Mihail Sadoveanu was a Romanian novelist, short story writer, journalist and political figure, who twice served as acting head of state for the communist republic. One of the most prolific Romanian-language writers, he is remembered mostly for his historical and adventure novels, as well as for his nature writing. An author whose career spanned five decades, Sadoveanu was an early associate of the traditionalist magazine Sămănătorul, before becoming known as a Realist writer and an adherent to the Poporanist current represented by Viața Românească journal. His books, critically acclaimed for their vision of age-old solitude and natural abundance, are generally set in the historical region of Moldavia, building on themes from Romania's medieval and early modern history. Among them are Neamul Șoimăreștilor, Frații Jderi and Zodia Cancerului. With Venea o moară pe Siret..., Baltagul and some other works of fiction, Sadoveanu extends his fresco to contemporary history and adapts his style to the psychological novel, Naturalism and Social realism.

Andrei Șaguna

Andrei Șaguna 27 Andrei Șaguna was a Metropolitan bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Church in Transylvania, and one of the Romanian community political leaders in the Habsburg monarchy, especially active during the 1848 Revolution. He was an honorary member of the Romanian Academy.

Petru Maior

Petru Maior 27 Petru Maior was a Romanian writer who is considered one of the most influential personalities of the Age of Enlightenment in Transylvania. Maior was a member of the Greek-Catholic clergy, a historian, philosopher, and linguist.

Traian Vuia

Traian Vuia 27 Traian Vuia or Trajan Vuia was a Romanian inventor and aviation pioneer who designed, built, and tested the first tractor monoplane. He was the first to demonstrate that a flying machine could rise into the air by running on wheels on an ordinary road. He is credited with a powered hop of 11 m (36 ft) made on 18 March, 1906, and he later claimed a powered hop of 24 m (79 ft). Though unsuccessful in sustained flight, Vuia's invention influenced Louis Blériot in designing monoplanes. Later, Vuia also designed helicopters.

Anton Pann

Anton Pann 27 Anton Pann was an Ottoman-born Wallachian composer, musicologist, and Romanian-language poet, also noted for his activities as a printer, translator, and schoolteacher. Pann was an influential folklorist and collector of proverbs, as well as a lexicographer and textbook author.

Ciprian Porumbescu

Ciprian Porumbescu 26 Ciprian Porumbescu was a Romanian composer born in Șipotele Sucevei in Bukovina. He was among the most celebrated Romanian composers of his time; his popular works include Crai nou, Song of the Tricolour, Song for Spring, Ballad for violin and piano, and Serenada. In addition, he composed the music for the Romanian patriotic "Song of Unity", also known as "Pe-al nostru steag e scris Unire", which was Romania's anthem from 1975 to 1977 and is currently used for Albania's national anthem, "Himni i Flamurit". His work spreads over various forms and musical genres, but the majority of his work is choral and operetta.

Iuliu Maniu

Iuliu Maniu 25 Iuliu Maniu was a Romanian lawyer and politician. He was a leader of the National Party of Transylvania and Banat before and after World War I, playing an important role in the Union of Transylvania with Romania.

Vasile Lupu

Vasile Lupu 25 Lupu Coci, known as Vasile Lupu, was a Voivode of Moldavia of Albanian and Greek origin between 1634 and 1653. Lupu had secured the Moldavian throne in 1634 after a series of complicated intrigues and managed to hold it for twenty years. Vasile was a capable administrator and a brilliant financier and was soon almost the richest man in the Christian East. His gifts to Ottoman leaders kept him on good terms with the Ottoman authorities.

Ion I. C. Brătianu

Ion I. C. Brătianu 24 Ion Ionel Constantin Brătianu was a Romanian politician, leader of the National Liberal Party (PNL), Prime Minister of Romania for five terms, and Foreign Minister on several occasions; he was the eldest son of statesman and PNL leader Ion Brătianu, the brother of Vintilă and Dinu Brătianu, and the father of Gheorghe I. Brătianu. Ion I. C. Brătianu's political activities after World War I, including part of his third and fourth term, saw the unification of the Old Romanian Kingdom with Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. In 1923, he was elected an honorary member of the Romanian Academy.

Dragoș, Voivode of Moldavia

Dragoș, Voivode of Moldavia 24 Dragoș, also known as Dragoș Vodă, or Dragoș the Founder was the first Voivode of Moldavia, who reigned in the middle of the 14th century, according to the earliest Moldavian chronicles. The same sources say that Dragoș came from Maramureş while chasing an aurochs or zimbru across the Carpathian Mountains. His descălecat, or "dismounting", on the banks of the Moldova River has traditionally been regarded as the symbol of the foundation of the Principality of Moldavia in Romanian historiography. Most details of his life are uncertain. Historians have identified him either with Dragoș of Bedeu or with Dragoș of Giulești, who were Vlach landowners in the Kingdom of Hungary.

Victor Babeș

Victor Babeș 24 Victor Babeș was a Romanian physician, bacteriologist, academician and professor. One of the founders of modern microbiology, Victor Babeș is author of one of the first treatises of bacteriology in the world – Bacteria and their role in pathological anatomy and histology of infectious diseases, written in collaboration with French scientist Victor André Cornil in 1885. In 1888, Babeș underlies the principle of passive immunity, and a few years later enunciates the principle of antibiosis. He made early and significant contributions to the study of rabies, leprosy, diphtheria, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases. He also discovered more than 50 unknown germs and foresaw new methods of staining bacteria and fungi. Victor Babeș introduced rabies vaccination and founded serotherapy in Romania.

Gheorghe Șincai

Gheorghe Șincai 24 Gheorghe Șincai was a Romanian historian, philologist, translator, poet, and representative of the Enlightenment-influenced Transylvanian School.

Ioan Slavici

Ioan Slavici 24 Ioan Slavici was a Romanian writer and journalist from Austria-Hungary, later Romania.             

Sándor Petőfi

Sándor Petőfi 23 Sándor Petőfi was a Hungarian poet and liberal revolutionary. He is considered Hungary's national poet, and was one of the key figures of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. He is the author of the Nemzeti dal, which is said to have inspired the revolution in the Kingdom of Hungary that grew into a war for independence from the Austrian Empire. It is most likely that he died in the Battle of Segesvár, one of the last battles of the war.

Alexander the Good

Alexander the Good 22 Alexander I, commonly known as Alexander the Good was Voivode of Moldavia between 1400 and 1432. He was the son of Roman I and succeeded Iuga to the throne. As ruler he initiated a series of reforms while consolidating the status of the Principality of Moldavia.

George Bariț

George Bariț 20 George Bariț, was an ethnic Romanian Austro-Hungarian historian, philologist, playwright, politician, businessman and journalist, the founder of the Romanian language press in Transylvania.

Radu Negru

Radu Negru 20 Negru Vodă, also known as Radu Negru, is the legendary founder of Wallachia.                       

Grigore Alexandrescu

Grigore Alexandrescu 20 Grigore Alexandrescu was a nineteenth-century Romanian poet and translator noted for his fables with political undertones.

Eremia Grigorescu

Eremia Grigorescu 20 Eremia Teofil Grigorescu was a Romanian general, commander of the 1st Romanian Army during World War I, and Minister of War in the Constantin Coandă cabinet.

Alexandru Odobescu

Alexandru Odobescu 20 Alexandru Ioan Odobescu was a Romanian author, archaeologist and politician.                       

Ferdinand I of Romania

Ferdinand I of Romania 19 Ferdinand I, nicknamed Întregitorul, was King of Romania from 1914 until his death in 1927. Ferdinand was the second son of Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern, and Infanta Antónia of Portugal, daughter of Ferdinand II of Portugal and Maria II of Portugal. His family was part of the Catholic branch of the Prussian royal family Hohenzollern.

Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu

Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu 19 Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu was a Romanian writer and philologist, who pioneered many branches of Romanian philology and history.

Spiru Haret

Spiru Haret 19 Spiru C. Haret was a Romanian mathematician, astronomer, and politician. He made a fundamental contribution to the n-body problem in celestial mechanics by proving that using a third degree approximation for the disturbing forces implies instability of the major axes of the orbits, and by introducing the concept of secular perturbations in relation to this.

Ion Dragalina

Ion Dragalina 19 Ioan Dragalina was a Romanian general who died during World War I in the First Battle of the Jiu Valley.

Theodor Aman

Theodor Aman 19 Theodor Aman was a Romanian painter, engraver and art professor. He mostly produced genre and history scenes.

Gheorghe Magheru

Gheorghe Magheru 18 General Gheorghe Magheru was a Romanian revolutionary and soldier from Wallachia, and political ally of Nicolae Bălcescu.

Ștefan Octavian Iosif

Ștefan Octavian Iosif 18 Ștefan Octavian Iosif was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian poet and translator.                   

Barbu Ștefănescu Delavrancea

Barbu Ștefănescu Delavrancea 18 Barbu Ștefănescu Delavrancea; pen name of Barbu Ștefan; April 11, 1858 – April 29, 1918) was a Romanian writer and poet, considered one of the greatest figures in the National awakening of Romania.

Ștefan Luchian

Ștefan Luchian 18 Ștefan Luchian was a Romanian painter, famous for his landscapes and still life works.             

Alecu Russo

Alecu Russo 17 Alecu Russo was a Romanian writer, literary critic and publicist.                                   

Endre Ady

Endre Ady 17 Endre Ady was a turn-of-the-century Hungarian poet and journalist. Regarded by many as the greatest Hungarian poet of the 20th century, he was noted for his steadfast belief in social progress and development and for his poetry's exploration of fundamental questions of the modern European experience: love, temporality, faith, individuality, and patriotism.

Henri Coandă

Henri Coandă 16 Henri Marie Coandă was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer, and builder of an experimental aircraft, the Coandă-1910, which never flew. He invented a great number of devices, designed a "flying saucer" and discovered the Coandă effect of fluid dynamics.

Elena Cuza

Elena Cuza 16 Elena Cuza, also known under her semi-official title Elena Doamna, was a Moldavian, later Romanian noblewoman and philanthropist. She was princess consort of the United Principalities and the wife of Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the first Romanian prince.

Iosif Vulcan

Iosif Vulcan 16 Iosif Vulcan was an ethnic Romanian Austro-Hungarian magazine editor, poet, playwright, novelist and cultural figure. He founded the literary magazine Familia, which he published for four decades.

Emil Racoviță

Emil Racoviță 16 Emil Gheorghe Racoviță was a Romanian biologist, zoologist, speleologist, and Antarctic explorer.   

Gheorghe Asachi

Gheorghe Asachi 16 Gheorghe Asachi was a Moldavian, later Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist, engineer, border maker, and translator. An Enlightenment-educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Românească, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihăileană, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect.

Bogdan the Founder

Bogdan the Founder 16 Bogdan I, commonly known as Bogdan the Founder, was the first independent ruler, or voivode, of Moldavia in the 1360s. He had initially been the voivode, or head, of the Vlachs in the Voivodeship of Maramureș in the Kingdom of Hungary. However, when the first certain record was made of him in 1343, he was mentioned as a former voivode who had become disloyal to Louis I of Hungary. He invaded the domains of a Vlach landowner who remained loyal to the king in 1349. Four years later, he was again mentioned as voivode in a charter, which was the last record of his presence in Maramureș.

Katalin Varga

Katalin Varga 15 Katalin Varga was the leader of the Transylvanian Miners' Movement in the 1840s.                   

Constantin Brâncuși

Constantin Brâncuși 15 Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter and photographer who made his career in France. Considered one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th century and a pioneer of modernism, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture. As a child, he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden farm tools. Formal studies took him first to Bucharest, then to Munich, then to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1905 to 1907. His art emphasizes clean geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Brâncuși sought inspiration in non-European cultures as a source of primitive exoticism, as did Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, André Derain, and others. However, other influences emerge from Romanian folk art traceable through Byzantine and Dionysian traditions.

C. A. Rosetti

C. A. Rosetti 15 Constantin Alexandru Rosetti was a Romanian literary and political leader, born in Bucharest into the princely Rosetti family.

Matthias Corvinus

Matthias Corvinus 15 Matthias Corvinus was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1458 to 1490, as Matthias I. After conducting several military campaigns, he was elected King of Bohemia in 1469 and adopted the title Duke of Austria in 1487. He was the son of John Hunyadi, Regent of Hungary, who died in 1456. In 1457, Matthias was imprisoned along with his older brother, Ladislaus Hunyadi, on the orders of King Ladislaus the Posthumous. Ladislaus Hunyadi was executed, causing a rebellion that forced King Ladislaus to flee Hungary. After the King died unexpectedly, Matthias's uncle Michael Szilágyi persuaded the Estates to unanimously proclaim the 14-year-old Matthias as king on 24 January 1458. He began his rule under his uncle's guardianship, but he took effective control of government within two weeks.

Lajos Kossuth

Lajos Kossuth 15 Lajos Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva was a Hungarian nobleman, lawyer, journalist, politician, statesman and governor-president of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–1849.

Mircea Eliade

Mircea Eliade 15 Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at the University of Chicago. One of the most influential scholars of religion of the 20th century and interpreter of religious experience, he established paradigms in religious studies that persist to this day. His theory that hierophanies form the basis of religion, splitting the human experience of reality into sacred and profane space and time, has proved influential. One of his most instrumental contributions to religious studies was his theory of eternal return, which holds that myths and rituals do not simply commemorate hierophanies, but actually participate in them.

Vasile Pârvan

Vasile Pârvan 15 Vasile Pârvan was a Romanian historian and archaeologist.                                           

Dimitrie Bolintineanu

Dimitrie Bolintineanu 15 Dimitrie Bolintineanu was a Romanian poet, though he wrote in many other styles as well, diplomat, politician, and a participant in the revolution of 1848. He was of Aromanian origin. His poems of nationalist overtone fueled emotions during the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia.

Grigore Ureche

Grigore Ureche 15 Grigore Ureche was a Moldavian chronicler who wrote on Moldavian history in his Letopisețul Țării Moldovei, covering the period from 1359 to 1594.


Ovid 14 Publius Ovidius Naso, known in English as Ovid, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus. He was a younger contemporary of Virgil and Horace, with whom he is often ranked as one of the three canonical poets of Latin literature. The Imperial scholar Quintilian considered him the last of the Latin love elegists. Although Ovid enjoyed enormous popularity during his lifetime, the emperor Augustus exiled him to Tomis, the capital of the newly-organised province of Moesia, on the Black Sea, where he remained for the last nine or ten years of his life. Ovid himself attributed his banishment to a "poem and a mistake", but his reluctance to disclose specifics has resulted in much speculation among scholars.

Costache Negri

Costache Negri 14 Costache Negri was a Moldavian, later Romanian writer, politician, and revolutionary.               

Corneliu Coposu

Corneliu Coposu 14 Corneliu (Cornel) Coposu was a Christian Democratic and liberal conservative Romanian politician, the founder of the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party, the founder of the Romanian Democratic Convention, and a political detainee during the communist regime. His political mentor was Iuliu Maniu (1873–1953), the founder of the National Peasant Party (PNȚ), the most important political organization from the interwar period. He studied law and worked as a journalist.

Ioan Axente Sever

Ioan Axente Sever 14 Ioan Axente Sever was a Romanian revolutionary in Austria-Hungary who participated in the Transylvanian Revolution of 1848.

Iancu Jianu

Iancu Jianu 14 Iancu Jianu, also Ioniță Jianu, was a Wallachian Romanian hajduk.                                   

Carol I of Romania

Carol I of Romania 14 Carol I or Charles I of Romania, was the monarch of Romania from 1866 to his death in 1914, ruling as Prince (Domnitor) from 1866 to 1881, and as King from 1881 to 1914. He was elected Prince of the Romanian United Principalities on 20 April 1866 after the overthrow of Alexandru Ioan Cuza by a palace coup d'état. In May 1877, Romania was proclaimed an independent and sovereign nation. The defeat of the Ottoman Empire (1878) in the Russo-Turkish War secured Romanian independence, and he was proclaimed King on 26 March [O.S. 14 March] 1881. He was the first ruler of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty, which ruled the country until the proclamation of a socialist republic in 1947.

Petre Ispirescu

Petre Ispirescu 14 Petre Ispirescu was a Romanian editor, folklorist, printer, and publicist. He is best known for his work as a gatherer of Romanian folk tales, recounting them with a remarkable talent.

George Bacovia

George Bacovia 14 George Bacovia was a Romanian symbolist poet. While he initially belonged to the local Symbolist movement, launched as a poet by Alexandru Macedonski with the poem and poetry collection Plumb ("Lead"), his poetry came to be seen as a precursor of Romanian Modernism and eventually established him in critical esteem alongside Lucian Blaga, Tudor Arghezi, Ion Pillat, Ion Barbu, and Octavian Goga as one of the most important interwar Romanian poets. In the 1950s, he wrote the poem "Cogito", which is his poetical testament.

Vasile Conta

Vasile Conta 14 Vasile Conta was a Romanian philosopher, poet, and politician.                                     

Titu Maiorescu

Titu Maiorescu 14 Titu Liviu Maiorescu was a Romanian literary critic and politician, founder of the Junimea Society. As a literary critic, he was instrumental in the development of Romanian culture in the second half of the 19th century.

Barbu Lăutaru

Barbu Lăutaru 13 Barbu Lăutaru a fost un cântăreț și cobzar român, de etnie romă.                                   

Anghel Saligny

Anghel Saligny 13 Anghel Saligny was a Romanian engineer, most famous for designing the Fetești-Cernavodă railway bridge (1895) over the Danube, the longest bridge in Europe at that time. He also designed the storage facilities in Constanța seaport, one of the earliest examples of reinforced concrete architecture in Europe.

Ion Neculce

Ion Neculce 13 Ion Neculce (1672–1745) was a Moldavian chronicler. His main work, Letopisețul Țărâi Moldovei [de la Dabija Vodă până la a doua domnie a lui Constantin Mavrocordat] was meant to extend Miron Costin's narrative, covering events from 1661 to 1743.

Vasile Lucaciu

Vasile Lucaciu 12 Vasile Lucaciu was a Romanian Greek-Catholic priest and an advocate of equal rights of Romanians with the Hungarians in Transylvania.

Vasile Goldiș

Vasile Goldiș 12 Vasile Goldiș was a Romanian politician, social theorist, and member of the Romanian Academy.       

Ion Rațiu

Ion Rațiu 12 Ion Rațiu was a Romanian lawyer, diplomat, journalist, businessman, writer, and politician. In addition, he was the official presidential candidate of the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD) in the 1990 Romanian presidential election in which he subsequently finished third, behind the neo-communist Ion Iliescu of the National Salvation Front (FSN) and Radu Câmpeanu of the National Liberal Party (PNL), with only 617,007 votes.

Tudor Arghezi

Tudor Arghezi 12 Ion Nae Theodorescu was a Romanian writer who wrote under the pen name Tudor Arghezi (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtudor arˈɡezi]. He is best known for his unique contribution to poetry and children's literature.

Alexandru Sahia

Alexandru Sahia 12 Alexandru Sahia was a Romanian journalist and short story writer.                                   

Nichita Stănescu

Nichita Stănescu 12 Nichita Stănescu was a Romanian poet and essayist.                                                 

George Topîrceanu

George Topîrceanu 12 George Topîrceanu was a Romanian poet, short story writer, and humourist.                           

Starina Novak

Starina Novak 11 Starina Novak was a Serb hajduk who distinguished himself in many battles against the Ottoman Empire. He is considered a national hero by both the Serbs and the Romanians.

Gheorghe Marinescu

Gheorghe Marinescu 11 Gheorghe Marinescu was a Romanian neurologist, founder of the Romanian School of Neurology.         

Ion Heliade Rădulescu

Ion Heliade Rădulescu 11 Ion Heliade Rădulescu or Ion Heliade was a Wallachian, later Romanian academic, Romantic and Classicist poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician. A prolific translator of foreign literature into Romanian, he was also the author of books on linguistics and history. For much of his life, Heliade Rădulescu was a teacher at Saint Sava College in Bucharest, which he helped reopen. He was a founding member and first president of the Romanian Academy.

Alexandru Lăpușneanu

Alexandru Lăpușneanu 11 Alexandru IV Lăpușneanu was Ruler of Moldavia between September 1552 and 18 November 1561 and then between October 1564 and 5 May 1568. He was the son of Bogdan III the One-Eyed. His wife and consort was Doamna Ruxanda Lăpușneanu, the daughter of Peter IV Rareș and Princess Elena Ecaterina Rareș. He was the original founder of the Dormition Church, Lviv, also commonly known as the Wallachian Church. His son Bogdan IV of Moldavia ruled 1568–1572.

Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók 11 Béla Viktor János Bartók was a Hungarian composer, pianist and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became known as ethnomusicology.

Panait Cerna

Panait Cerna 11 Panait Cerna was a Romanian poet, philosopher, literary critic and translator. A native speaker of Bulgarian, Cerna nonetheless wrote in Romanian, and developed a traditionalist style which was connected with classicism and neoclassicism. Praised by the conservative literary society Junimea, he was promoted by its leader Titu Maiorescu, as well as by Maiorescu's disciples Mihail Dragomirescu and Simion Mehedinţi. Cerna became the group's main representative during its decline, contributing to both major Junimist magazines, Convorbiri Literare and Convorbiri Critice. He also contributed pieces to the traditionalist magazine Sămănătorul, and was briefly affiliated with other literary journals.

Peneș Curcanul

Peneș Curcanul 11 Peneș Curcanul, , este numele unui erou al Războiului de Independență din 1877, fost sergent în Regimentul 13 Dorobanți. Țurcanu a participat ulterior ca voluntar în al Doilea Război Balcanic și în Primul Război Mondial, deși avea o vârstă înaintată.

Eftimie Murgu

Eftimie Murgu 11 Eftimie Murgu was a Romanian philosopher and politician who took part in the 1848 Revolutions.     

Aron Pumnul

Aron Pumnul 11 Aron Pumnul was a Romanian philologist and teacher as well as a national and revolutionary activist in Transylvania and later in Bukovina.

Ion Andreescu

Ion Andreescu 11 Ion Andreescu was a Romanian painter.                                                               

Carol Davila

Carol Davila 10 Carol Davila was a Romanian physician of Italian ancestry. He is considered to be the father of Romanian medicine.

Saint George

Saint George 10 Saint George, also George of Lydda, was an early Christian martyr who is venerated as a saint in Christianity. According to tradition, he was a soldier in the Roman army. Of Cappadocian Greek origin, he became a member of the Praetorian Guard for Roman emperor Diocletian, but was sentenced to death for refusing to recant his Christian faith. He became one of the most venerated saints, heroes and megalomartyrs in Christianity, and he has been especially venerated as a military saint since the Crusades. He is respected by Christians, Druze, as well as some Muslims as a martyr of monotheistic faith.

Duiliu Zamfirescu

Duiliu Zamfirescu 10 Duiliu Zamfirescu was a Romanian novelist, poet, short story writer, lawyer, nationalist politician, journalist, diplomat and memoirist. In 1909, he was elected a member of the Romanian Academy, and, for a while in 1920, he was Foreign Minister of Romania. Zamfirescu is best remembered for his Comăneștenilor literary cycle, comprising his novels Viața la țară, Tănase Scatiu, În război, Îndreptări, and Anna.

Cezar Bolliac

Cezar Bolliac 10 Cezar Bolliac or Boliac, Boliak was a Wallachian and Romanian radical political figure, amateur archaeologist, journalist and Romantic poet.

Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas 10 Saint Nicholas of Myra, also known as Nicholas of Bari, was an early Christian bishop of Greek descent from the maritime city of Patara in Anatolia during the time of the Roman Empire. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nicholas the Wonderworker. Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, repentant thieves, children, brewers, pawnbrokers, toymakers, unmarried people, and students in various cities and countries around Europe. His reputation evolved among the pious, as was common for early Christian saints, and his legendary habit of secret gift-giving gave rise to the traditional model of Santa Claus through Sinterklaas.

Vasile Milea

Vasile Milea 9 Vasile Milea was a Romanian politician and military general who was Nicolae Ceaușescu's Minister of Defence during the Romanian Revolution of 1989 and was involved in the reprisal phase of the Revolution that caused the deaths of 162 people.

Timotei Cipariu

Timotei Cipariu 9 Timotei Cipariu was a Transylvanian Romanian scholar, Greek-Catholic cleric, Pașoptist revolutionary, politician in Transylvania, founding member of the Romanian Academy, first vice-president, then president of the Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and the Culture of the Romanian People, linguist, historian, theologian, pedagogue, orientalist, and polyglot.

David Praporgescu

David Praporgescu 9 David Praporgescu was a Romanian brigadier general during World War I, who was killed in action at the start of the Battle of the Southern Carpathians.

Vasile Cârlova

Vasile Cârlova 9 Vasile Cârlova was a Wallachian officer and early Romantic poet.                                   

Camil Petrescu

Camil Petrescu 9 Camil Petrescu was a Romanian playwright, novelist, philosopher and poet. He marked the end of the traditional novel era and laid the foundation of the modern novel era in Romania.

Valter Mărăcineanu

Valter Mărăcineanu 9 Nicolae Valter Mărăcineanu was a Romanian soldier.                                                 

John Corvinus

John Corvinus 9 John Corvinus was the illegitimate son of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, and his mistress, Barbara Edelpöck.

Ion G. Duca

Ion G. Duca 8 Ion Gheorghe Duca was Romanian politician and the Prime Minister of Romania from 14 November to 29 December 1933, when he was assassinated for his efforts to suppress the fascist Iron Guard movement.

Take Ionescu

Take Ionescu 8 Take or Tache Ionescu was a Romanian centrist politician, journalist, lawyer and diplomat, who also enjoyed reputation as a short story author. Starting his political career as a radical member of the National Liberal Party (PNL), he joined the Conservative Party in 1891, and became noted as a social conservative expressing support for several progressive and nationalist tenets. Ionescu is generally viewed as embodying the rise of middle-class politics inside the early 20th century Kingdom of Romania, and, throughout the period, promoted a project of Balkan alliances while calling for measures to incorporate the Romanian-inhabited Austro-Hungarian regions of Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina. Representing his own faction inside the Conservative Party, he clashed with the group's leadership in 1907–1908, and consequently created and led his own Conservative-Democratic Party.

Barbu Dimitrie Știrbei

Barbu Dimitrie Știrbei 8 Barbu Dimitrie Știrbei, also written as Stirbey,, a member of the Bibescu boyar family, was a hospodar on two occasions, between 1848 and 1853, and between 1854 and 1856.

Ienăchiță Văcărescu

Ienăchiță Văcărescu 8 Ienăchiță Văcărescu was a Wallachian Romanian poet, historian, philologist, and boyar belonging to the Văcărescu family. A polyglot, he was able to speak Ancient and Modern Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Arabic, Persian, French, German, Italian, and Ottoman Turkish.

Marin Preda

Marin Preda 8 Marin Preda was a Romanian novelist, post-war writer and director of Cartea Românească publishing house. He is considered by some to be the most important novelist in post-World War II Romanian literature. However, he has also garnered an ambivalent perception in post-socialist Romania: Preda's final novel, Cel mai iubit dintre pământeni, published just a couple of months before his death, is a daring critique of the beginnings of communism in Romania; in contrast, Preda was well-regarded by party leaders and received high distinctions in socialist Romania, and did not position himself as an open opponent of the regime. At the time of his death, Marin Preda was a member of the Great National Assembly.

Constantin Negruzzi

Constantin Negruzzi 8 Constantin Negruzzi was a Romanian poet, novelist, translator, playwright, and politician.         

János Arany

János Arany 8 János Arany was a Hungarian poet, writer, translator and journalist. He is often said to be the "Shakespeare of ballads" – he wrote more than 102 ballads that have been translated into over 50 languages, as well as the Toldi trilogy.

Gheorghe Pop de Băsești

Gheorghe Pop de Băsești 8 Gheorghe Pop de Băsești or George Pop de Băsești, also known under the nickname Badea Gheorghe or Badea George was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian politician, philanthropist and patriot, who served as vice president (1881–1902) and president (1902–1919) of the Romanian National Party at a time when Transylvania was part of the Kingdom of Hungary within Austria-Hungary, and eventually as the president of the Great National Assembly of Alba Iulia that declared the Union of Transylvania with Romania on 1 December 1918.

Gheorghe Țițeica

Gheorghe Țițeica 8 Gheorghe Țițeica publishing as George or Georges Tzitzéica) was a Romanian mathematician who made important contributions in geometry. He is recognized as the founder of the Romanian school of differential geometry.

Matei Millo

Matei Millo 8 Matei Millo was a Moldavian, later Romanian stage actor and playwright.                             

Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary, mother of Jesus 8 Mary was a first-century Jewish woman of Nazareth, the wife of Joseph and the mother of Jesus. She is a central figure of Christianity, venerated under various titles such as virgin or queen, many of them mentioned in the Litany of Loreto. The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches believe that Mary, as mother of Jesus, is the Mother of God. Other Protestant views on Mary vary, with some holding her to have lesser status.


Coresi 8 Coresi d. 1583, Brașov was a Romanian printer of the sixteenth century. He was the editor of some of the earliest printed books in the Romanian language.

Ion Roată

Ion Roată 8 Ion Roată was a Moldavian, later Romanian peasant and political figure. Roată was representative in the Moldavian ad hoc Divan for the peasant electoral college of Putna County. With Partida Naţională, he supported the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as Prince of Moldavia, as well as endorsing his elections in Wallachia. At the same time, he campaigned in favor of land reform in Moldavia and Romania at large.


Sabines 8 The Sabines were an Italic people who lived in the central Apennine Mountains of the ancient Italian Peninsula, also inhabiting Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome.

Ion Păun-Pincio

Ion Păun-Pincio 8 Ion Păun-Pincio was a Romanian poet.                                                               

Nicolae Tonitza

Nicolae Tonitza 8 Nicolae Tonitza was a Romanian painter, engraver, lithographer, journalist and art critic. Drawing inspiration from Post-impressionism and Expressionism, he had a major role in introducing modernist guidelines to local art.

Ion Ionescu de la Brad

Ion Ionescu de la Brad 7 Ion Ionescu de la Brad, born Ion Isăcescu, was a Moldavian, later Romanian revolutionary, agronomist, statistician, scholar, and writer.

Dinicu Golescu

Dinicu Golescu 7 Dinicu Golescu, a member of the Golescu family of boyars, was a Wallachian Romanian man of letters, mostly noted for his travel writings and journalism.

Șerban Cantacuzino

Șerban Cantacuzino 7 Șerban Cantacuzino, was a Prince of Wallachia between 1678 and 1688.                               

Alexandru Averescu

Alexandru Averescu 7 Alexandru Averescu was a Romanian marshal, diplomat and populist politician. A Romanian Armed Forces Commander during World War I, he served as Prime Minister of three separate cabinets. He first rose to prominence during the peasants' revolt of 1907, which he helped repress with violence. Credited with engineering the defense of Moldavia in the 1916–1917 Campaign, he built on his popularity to found and lead the successful People's Party, which he brought to power in 1920–1921, with backing from King Ferdinand I and the National Liberal Party (PNL), and with the notable participation of Constantin Argetoianu and Take Ionescu.

Badea Cârțan

Badea Cârțan 7 Badea Cârțan was a self-taught ethnic Romanian shepherd who fought for the independence of the Romanians of Transylvania, distributing Romanian-language books that he secretly brought from Romania to their villages. In all he smuggled some 200,000 books for pupils, priests, teachers and peasants; he used several routes to pass through the Făgăraş Mountains.

Veronica Micle

Veronica Micle 7 Veronica Micle was an Austrian Empire-born Romanian poet, whose work was influenced by Romanticism. She is best known for her love affair with the poet Mihai Eminescu, one of the most important Romanian writers.

Calistrat Hogaș

Calistrat Hogaș 7 Calistrat Hogaș was a Moldavian, later Romanian prose writer. The son of a Tecuci priest, he studied at the University of Iași before beginning an over four-decade career as a high school teacher, often at Piatra Neamț. Meanwhile, he made several false starts as a writer before finding a suitable genre, namely stories drawn from his mountain rambles that appeared starting in 1907. He did not manage to collect his works during his lifetime, but these appeared to great success in 1921.

George Călinescu

George Călinescu 7 George Călinescu was a Romanian literary critic, historian, novelist, academician and journalist, and a writer of classicist and humanist tendencies. He is currently considered one of the most important Romanian literary critics of all time, alongside Titu Maiorescu and Eugen Lovinescu, and is one of the outstanding figures of Romanian literature in the 20th century.

Frații Golești

Frații Golești 7 Frații Golești este denumirea colectivă sub care sunt desemnați cei patru fii pe care i-a avut marele ban din Țara Românească Dinicu Golescu cu soția sa Zoe Farfara: Ștefan Golescu (1809-1874), Nicolae Golescu (1810-1877), Radu Golescu (1814-1882) și Alexandru C. Golescu (1818-1873).

Radu of Afumați

Radu of Afumați 7 Radu of Afumați was Voivode (Prince) of Wallachia between January 1522 and January 1529. He began his reign with a victory against Mehmed-Bey, a pretender to Wallachia's throne. From 1522 to 1525 he battled the Turks, who supported Vladislav III and Radu Bădica, both claimants of the throne. The inscription on his tombstone lists 20 battles. He was killed by decapitation on 2 January 1529 near Râmnicu Vâlcea, at Cetățuia Church. He was later buried in the Curtea de Argeș Cathedral.

Marin Sorescu

Marin Sorescu 7 Marin Sorescu was a Romanian poet, playwright, and novelist.                                       

Nicolae Labiș

Nicolae Labiș 7 Nicolae Labiș was a Romanian poet.                                                                 

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical period. Despite his short life, his rapid pace of composition resulted in more than 800 works representing virtually every Western classical genre of his time. Many of these compositions are acknowledged as pinnacles of the symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral repertoire. Mozart is widely regarded as being one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music, with his music admired for its "melodic beauty, its formal elegance and its richness of harmony and texture".

Constantin Noica

Constantin Noica 7 Constantin Noica was a Romanian philosopher, essayist and poet. His preoccupations were throughout all philosophy, from epistemology, philosophy of culture, axiology and philosophic anthropology to ontology and logics, from the history of philosophy to systematic philosophy, from ancient to contemporary philosophy, from translating and interpretation to criticism and creation. In 2006 he was included to the list of the 100 Greatest Romanians of all time by a nationwide poll.

Hermann Oberth

Hermann Oberth 6 Hermann Julius Oberth was an Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and rocket pioneer of Transylvanian Saxon descent. He is considered one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics, along with Robert Esnault-Pelterie, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Robert H. Goddard and Herman Potočnik. Oberth supported Nazi Germany's war effort and received the War Merit Cross in 1943.

Ilarie Chendi

Ilarie Chendi 6 Ilarie Chendi was a Romanian literary critic.                                                       

Traian Grozăvescu

Traian Grozăvescu 6 Traian Grozăvescu was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian operatic tenor. Born in Lugoj, he served in the Austro-Hungarian Army in World War I. In 1922, following a disagreement with the Cluj Opera, he left for Vienna and sang at the Vienna State Opera, as well as at the Hungarian State Opera House and the Berlin State Opera, achieving great success.


Burebista 6 Burebista was the king of the Getae and Dacian tribes from 82/61 BC to 45/44 BC. He was the first king who successfully unified the tribes of the Dacian kingdom, which comprised the area located between the Danube, Tisza, and Dniester rivers, and modern day Romania and Moldova. In the 7th and 6th centuries BC it became home to the Thracian peoples, including the Getae and the Dacians. From the 4th century to the middle of the 2nd century BC the Dacian peoples were influenced by La Tène Celts who brought new technologies with them into Dacia. Sometime in the 2nd century BC, the Dacians expelled the Celts from their lands. Dacians often warred with neighbouring tribes, but the relative isolation of the Dacian peoples in the Carpathian Mountains allowed them to survive and even to thrive. By the 1st century BC the Dacians had become the dominant power.

Áron Gábor

Áron Gábor 6 Áron Gábor was a Székely Hungarian artillery officer in the 1848-49 Hungarian Revolution. He became one of the leaders of Székely-Hungarian forces in Transylvania during the 1848 revolution against the Austrian Empire.

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur 6 Louis Pasteur was a French chemist, pharmacist, and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation, and pasteurization, the last of which was named after him. His research in chemistry led to remarkable breakthroughs in the understanding of the causes and preventions of diseases, which laid down the foundations of hygiene, public health and much of modern medicine. Pasteur's works are credited with saving millions of lives through the developments of vaccines for rabies and anthrax. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern bacteriology and has been honored as the "father of bacteriology" and the "father of microbiology".

Petre Țuțea

Petre Țuțea 6 Petre Țuțea was a Romanian philosopher, journalist, and economist.                                 

Andrew the Apostle

Andrew the Apostle 6 Andrew the Apostle, also called Saint Andrew, was an apostle of Jesus. According to the New Testament, he was a fisherman and one of the Twelve Apostles chosen by Jesus. The title First-Called stems from the Gospel of John, where Andrew, initially a disciple of John the Baptist, follows Jesus and, recognizing him as the Messiah, introduces his brother Simon Peter to him.

Inocențiu Micu-Klein

Inocențiu Micu-Klein 6 Ioan Inocențiu Micu-Klein, also known by his lay name Ioan Micu, was a Bishop of Făgăraș and Primate of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church from 1730 to his resignation in 1751. He played an instrumental role in the establishment of national rights for Romanians in Transylvania.

Panait Istrati

Panait Istrati 6 Panait Istrati was a Romanian working class writer, who wrote in French and Romanian, nicknamed The Maxim Gorky of the Balkans. Istrati appears to be the first Romanian author explicitly depicting a homosexual character in his work.

Emil Gârleanu

Emil Gârleanu 6 Emil Gârleanu was a Romanian prose writer.                                                         

Frații Buzești

Frații Buzești 6 Frații Buzești este denumirea comună sub care au intrat în istorie frații Radu Buzescu, Preda Buzescu și Stroe Buzescu.

Áron Márton

Áron Márton 6 Áron Márton was an ethnic Hungarian Roman Catholic prelate who served as the Bishop of Alba Iulia from his appointment in late 1938 until his resignation in 1980. He served as a prelate during a tumultuous period that included World War II and the emergence of a communist regime in Romania. He was even meant to become a cardinal but refused the honor when he learnt that another Romanian prelate would not be elevated into the cardinalate with him.

Neagoe Basarab

Neagoe Basarab 6 Neagoe Basarab was the Voivode (Prince) of Wallachia between 1512 and 1521. Born into the boyar family of the Craiovești as the son of Pârvu Craiovescu or Basarab Țepeluș cel Tânăr, Neagoe Basarab, who replaced Vlad cel Tânăr after the latter rejected Craioveşti tutelage, was noted for his abilities and competence. He is sometimes mentioned as Neagoe Basarab IV, due to other Wallachian rulers by the name Basarab preceding him on the throne, some of them certain members of the House of Basarab and some less so.

Traian Moșoiu

Traian Moșoiu 6 Traian Moșoiu was a Romanian general during World War I and the Hungarian–Romanian War. He held the posts of Minister of War in the Alexandru Vaida-Voevod cabinet, Minister of Communications and of Industry and Commerce in the Ion I. C. Brătianu cabinet.

Gabriel Bethlen

Gabriel Bethlen 6 Gabriel Bethlen was Prince of Transylvania from 1613 to 1629 and Duke of Opole from 1622 to 1625. He was also King-elect of Hungary from 1620 to 1621, but he never took control of the whole kingdom. Bethlen, supported by the Ottomans, led his Calvinist principality against the Habsburgs and their Catholic allies.

Zaharia Stancu

Zaharia Stancu 6 Zaharia Stancu was a Romanian prose writer, novelist, poet, and philosopher. He was also the director of the National Theatre Bucharest, the President of the Writers' Union of Romania, and a titular member of the Romanian Academy.

Doamna Stanca

Doamna Stanca 6 Doamna Stanca was a princess consort of Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia as the wife of Michael the Brave.

Alecu Donici

Alecu Donici 6 Alecu Donici was a Moldavian, later Romanian poet and translator.                                   

Nicolae Filimon

Nicolae Filimon 6 Nicolae Filimon was a Wallachian Romanian novelist and short-story writer, remembered as the author of the first Realist novel in Romanian literature, Ciocoii vechi şi noi, which was centered on the self-seeking figure Dinu Păturică. He was also a noted travel writer, folklorist, musician, and the first musical critic in his country.

Ioan Cantacuzino

Ioan Cantacuzino 6 Ioan I. Cantacuzino was a renowned Romanian physician and bacteriologist, a professor at the School of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Bucharest, and a titular member of the Romanian Academy. He established the fields of microbiology and experimental medicine in Romania, and founded the Ioan Cantacuzino Institute.

Marie of Romania

Marie of Romania 6 Marie was the last queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I.                               

Preda Buzescu

Preda Buzescu 6 Preda Buzescu a fost mare postelnic sub Mihai Viteazul și a luat parte la evenimentele politice și militare importante ale domniei acestuia.

Constantin Stere

Constantin Stere 6 Constantin G. Stere or Constantin Sterea was a Romanian writer, jurist, politician, ideologue of the Poporanist trend, and, in March 1906, co-founder of the literary magazine Viața Românească. One of the central figures of the Bessarabian intelligentsia at the time, Stere was a key actor during the Union of Bessarabia with Romania in 1918, and is associated with its legacy.

John the Baptist

John the Baptist 6 John the Baptist was a Jewish preacher active in the area of the Jordan River in the early 1st century AD. He is also known as Saint John the Forerunner in Eastern Orthodoxy, John the Immerser in some Baptist Christian traditions, Saint John by certain Catholic churches, and Prophet Yahya in Islam. He is sometimes alternatively referred to as John the Baptiser.

Eugen Lovinescu

Eugen Lovinescu 6 Eugen Lovinescu was a Romanian modernist literary historian, literary critic, academic, and novelist, who in 1919 established the Sburătorul literary club. He was the father of Monica Lovinescu, and the uncle of Horia Lovinescu, Vasile Lovinescu, and Anton Holban. He was elected to the Romanian Academy posthumously, in 1991.

Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol

Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol 6 Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol was a Romanian historian, philosopher, professor, economist, sociologist, and author. Among his many major accomplishments, he is the Romanian historian credited with authoring the first major synthesis of the history of the Romanian people. His daughter Margareta Xenopol became a well-known Romanian composer.

Elisabeth of Wied

Elisabeth of Wied 6 Elisabeth of Wied was the first queen of Romania as the wife of King Carol I from 15 March 1881 to 27 September 1914. She had been the princess consort of Romania since her marriage to then-Prince Carol on 15 November 1869.


Spartacus 6 Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator (Thraex) who was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.

Octav Băncilă

Octav Băncilă 6 Octav Băncilă was a Romanian realist painter and left-wing activist. He was the brother of Sofia Nădejde, a feminist journalist, and the brother-in-law of Ioan Nădejde.


Gelou 6 Gelou was the Vlach ruler of Transylvania at the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 900 AD, according to the Gesta Hungarorum. Although the Gesta Hungarorum, which was written after 1150, does not indicate the enemies of the conquering Hungarians (Magyars) known from earlier annals and chronicles, it refers to local rulers—including Gelou—who are not mentioned in other primary sources. Consequently, historians debate whether Gelou was a historical person or an imaginary figure created by the unidentified author of the Gesta Hungarorum. In Romanian historiography, based on the mention of him by Anonymus some 300 years later, Gelou is considered one of three early-10th-century Romanian dukes with lands in the intra-Carpathian region of present-day Romania.

Traian Demetrescu

Traian Demetrescu 6 Traian Rafael Radu Demetrescu was a Romanian poet, novelist and literary critic, considered one of the first symbolist authors in local literature. Influenced by French writers such as François Coppée and the Decadent Maurice Rollinat, as well as by the local poet Mihai Eminescu, he was made popular by his poems, many of which served as the basis of popular romanzas. Receptive to impressionism and naturalism, he wrote a number of psychological novels and several short stories, some of which are remembered for their melancholic and occasionally macabre themes.

Ioan Tăutu

Ioan Tăutu 6 Ioan Tăutu a fost un mare logofăt moldovean în timpul domnitorilor Ștefan cel Mare (1457-1504) și Bogdan al III-lea cel Orb (1504-1517). A avut misiuni diplomatice în Polonia, Veneția și Turcia.

Strada Calomfirescu Radu

Strada Calomfirescu Radu 5 Strada Calomfirescu Radu este situată în centrul istoric al municipiului București, în sectorul 3. 

Alexandru Papiu Ilarian

Alexandru Papiu Ilarian 5 Alexandru Papiu-Ilarian was a Romanian revolutionary, lawyer and historian.                         

Emil Cioran

Emil Cioran 5 Emil Mihai Cioran was a Romanian philosopher, aphorist and essayist, who published works in both Romanian and French. His work has been noted for its pervasive philosophical pessimism, style, and aphorisms. His works frequently engaged with issues of suffering, decay, and nihilism. In 1937, Cioran moved to the Latin Quarter of Paris, which became his permanent residence, wherein he lived in seclusion with his partner, Simone Boué, until his death in 1995.

Demetrius of Thessaloniki

Demetrius of Thessaloniki 5 Saint Demetrius of Thessalonica, also known as the Holy Great-Martyr Demetrius the Myroblyte, was a Greek Christian martyr of the early 4th century AD.

Onisifor Ghibu

Onisifor Ghibu 5 Onisifor Ghibu was a Romanian teacher of pedagogy, member of the Romanian Academy, and politician. 

Luca Arbore

Luca Arbore 5 Luca Arbore or Arbure was a Moldavian boyar, diplomat, and statesman, several times commander of the country's military. He first rose to prominence in 1486, during the rule of Stephen III, Prince of Moldavia, to whom he was possibly related. He became the long-serving gatekeeper of Suceava, bridging military defense and administrative functions with a diplomatic career. Arbore therefore organized the defense of Suceava during the Polish invasion of 1497, after which he was confirmed as one of Moldavia's leading courtiers.

Meșterul Manole

Meșterul Manole 5 In Romanian mythology, Meșterul Manole was the chief architect of the Curtea de Argeș Monastery in Wallachia. The myth of the cathedral's construction is expressed in the folk poem Monastirea Argeșului.

Ion Mihalache

Ion Mihalache 5 Ion Mihalache was a Romanian agrarian politician, the founder and leader of the Peasants' Party (PȚ) and a main figure of its successor, the National Peasants' Party (PNȚ).

Ion Vidu

Ion Vidu 5 Ion Vidu, was a Romanian composer and choral conductor. Under his influence the small town of Lugoj, which up until that time had not that much in the way of artistic institutions, became a well-known center of choral music in Romania.

Gavriil Musicescu

Gavriil Musicescu 5 Gavriil Musicescu was a Romanian composer, conductor and musicologist, father of the pianist and musical pedagogue Florica Musicescu.

John Hunyadi

John Hunyadi 5 John Hunyadi was a leading Hungarian military and political figure in the Kingdom of Hungary during the 15th century. According to most contemporary sources, he was the member of a noble family of Wallachian ancestry. Through his struggles against the Ottoman Empire, he earned for himself the nickname 'Turk-buster' from his contemporaries. Due to his merits, he quickly received substantial land grants. By the time of his death, he was the owner of immense land areas, totaling approximately four million cadastral acres, which had no precedent before or after in the Kingdom of Hungary. His enormous wealth, his military and political weight were primarily directed towards the purposes of the Ottoman wars.

Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt 5 Franz Liszt was a Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor and teacher of the Romantic period. With a diverse body of work spanning more than six decades, he is considered to be one of the most prolific and influential composers of his era, and his piano works continue to be widely performed and recorded.

Károly Kós

Károly Kós 5 Károly Kós was a Hungarian architect, writer, illustrator, ethnologist and politician of Austria-Hungary and Romania.

Victor Hugo

Victor Hugo 5 Victor-Marie Hugo, vicomte Hugo, sometimes nicknamed the Ocean Man, was a French Romantic writer and politician. During a literary career that spanned more than sixty years, he wrote in a variety of genres and forms.

Gheorghe Dima

Gheorghe Dima 5 Gheorghe Dima a fost un compozitor, dirijor și pedagog român, membru de onoare al Academiei Române. 

Samuil Micu-Klein

Samuil Micu-Klein 5 Samuil Micu Klein was a Romanian Greek-Catholic theologian, historian, philologist and philosopher, a member of the Enlightenment-era movement of Transylvanian School. He is the author of Elementa linguae daco-romanae sive valachicae, a book which is the reference point for the start of Modern Romanian language period.

Ion Ghica

Ion Ghica 5 Ion Ghica was a Romanian statesman, mathematician, diplomat and politician, who was Prime Minister of Romania five times. He was a full member of the Romanian Academy and its president many times. He was the older brother and associate of Pantazi Ghica, a prolific writer and politician.

Grigore Antipa

Grigore Antipa 5 Grigore Antipa was a Romanian naturalist, zoologist, ichthyologist, ecologist, oceanologist, Darwinist biologist who studied the fauna of the Danube Delta and the Black Sea. Between 1892 and 1944 he was the director of the Bucharest Natural History Museum, which now bears his name. He is also considered to be the first person to modernize the diorama by emphasizing the three-dimensional aspect and first to use dioramas in a museum setting. He is the scientist who reorganized the Grigore Antipa National Museum of Natural History in the new building that today bears his name, designed by the architect Grigore Cerchez, built in 1906 and inaugurated by Carol I of Romania in 1908. He was elected as member of the Romanian Academy in 1910 and was also a member of several foreign academies. Grigore Antipa founded a school of hydrobiology and ichthyology in Romania.

Émile Zola

Émile Zola 5 Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola was a French novelist, journalist, playwright, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism, and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism. He was a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted army officer Alfred Dreyfus, which is encapsulated in his renowned newspaper opinion headlined J'Accuse…!  Zola was nominated for the first and second Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901 and 1902.

Ion Minulescu

Ion Minulescu 5 Ion Minulescu was a Romanian avant-garde poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, literary critic, and playwright. Often publishing his works under the pseudonyms I. M. Nirvan and Koh-i-Noor, he journeyed to Paris, where he was heavily influenced by the growing Symbolist movement and Parisian Bohemianism. A herald of Romania's own Symbolist movement, he had a major influence on local modernist literature, and was among the first local poets to use free verse.

Gheorghe Șonțu

Gheorghe Șonțu 5 Gheorghe Șonțu a fost un maior român, erou al Războiului de Independență (1877-1879). A căzut, în fruntea batalionului I din Regimentul 10 dorobanți pe care îl comanda, la S.V. 30 august/S.N. 11 septembrie 1877, în timpul asaltului împotriva redutei Grivița 2.

Ion Budai-Deleanu

Ion Budai-Deleanu 5 Ion Budai-Deleanu was a Romanian scholar, philologist, historian, poet, and a representative of the Transylvanian School.

Romulus and Remus

Romulus and Remus 5 In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are twin brothers whose story tells of the events that led to the founding of the city of Rome and the Roman Kingdom by Romulus, following his fratricide of Remus. The image of a she-wolf suckling the twins in their infancy has been a symbol of the city of Rome and the ancient Romans since at least the 3rd century BC. Although the tale takes place before the founding of Rome around 750 BC, the earliest known written account of the myth is from the late 3rd century BC. Possible historical bases for the story, and interpretations of its local variants, are subjects of ongoing debate.

Dimitrie Anghel

Dimitrie Anghel 5 Dimitrie Anghel was a Romanian poet.                                                               

Jonel Perlea

Jonel Perlea 5 Ionel Perlea was a Romanian conductor particularly associated with the Italian and German opera repertories.

Traian Lalescu

Traian Lalescu 5 Traian Lalescu was a Romanian mathematician. His main focus was on integral equations and he contributed to work in the areas of functional equations, trigonometric series, mathematical physics, geometry, mechanics, algebra, and the history of mathematics.

Constantin I. Nottara

Constantin I. Nottara 5 Constantin I. Nottara was a Romanian stage actor and director.                                     

Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Verdi 5 Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian composer best known for his operas. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, receiving a musical education with the help of a local patron, Antonio Barezzi. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Gioachino Rossini, Vincenzo Bellini, and Gaetano Donizetti, whose works significantly influenced him.

Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven 5 Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. He is one of the most revered figures in the history of Western music; his works rank among the most performed of the classical music repertoire and span the transition from the Classical period to the Romantic era in classical music. Beethoven's career has conventionally been divided into early, middle, and late periods. His early period, during which he forged his craft, is typically considered to have lasted until 1802. From 1802 to around 1812, his middle period showed an individual development from the styles of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and is sometimes characterized as heroic. During this time, he began to grow increasingly deaf. In his late period, from 1812 to 1827, he extended his innovations in musical form and expression.

Banul Mărăcine

Banul Mărăcine 4 Banul Mărăcine or Mărăcină, common rendition of Barbu III Craiovescu, Barbu Mărăcine or Barbu Basarab, was a historical figure in Wallachia, who claimed the title of Prince. He was one of several Craiovești pretenders to the throne, a category which also included his father, Preda Craiovescu. Mărăcine himself entered historical record in 1532, when, as an opponent of Prince Vlad VI, he had his estate confiscated. He returned to favor later that year, with the crowning of Vlad Vintilă de la Slatina. Like Preda before him, Mărăcine served as Ban of Oltenia, becoming the last of his family to hold that title. According to various accounts, he turned against his new lord, from organizing armed resistance in Oltenia to involving himself in Vlad Vintilă's assassination. He was able to maintain his position following the crowning of Radu Paisie, but was eventually toppled by the latter in mid-1535.

Camil Ressu

Camil Ressu 4 Camil Ressu was a Romanian painter and academic, one of the most significant art figures of Romania.

Ion I. Câmpineanu

Ion I. Câmpineanu 4 Ion I. Câmpineanu was a Romanian statesman who served as the Minister of Justice from January 27, 1877, to September 23, 1877, Minister of Finance in two terms, from September 23, 1877, to November 25, 1878, and from February 25, 1880, to July 15, 1880, and Minister of Foreign Affairs from November 25, 1878, until July 10, 1879. He was one of the founders and most important members of the National Liberal Party.

Christian Tell

Christian Tell 4 Christian Tell was a Transylvanian-born Wallachian and Romanian general and politician.             

Theodor Pallady

Theodor Pallady 4 Theodor Pallady was a Romanian painter.                                                             

Constantin Mille

Constantin Mille 4 Constantin Mille was a Romanian journalist, novelist, poet, lawyer, and socialist militant, as well as a prominent human rights activist. A Marxist for much of his life, Mille was noted for his vocal support of peasant emancipation, for his early involvement with the Romanian Social Democratic Workers' Party (PSDMR), and his presence at the head of several magazines, culminating in his association with the moderate left-wing newspapers Adevărul and Dimineața. After serving as an independent member of the Chamber of Deputies for one mandate (1899-1903), he aligned his views with those of Take Ionescu, and became a supporter of Romania's entry into World War I alongside the Entente Powers. In addition to his political career, Mille was the author of two autobiographical novels.

Valeriu Braniște

Valeriu Braniște 4 Valeriu Braniște a fost un publicist și om politic român, membru de onoare al Academiei Române.     

Varlaam Moțoc

Varlaam Moțoc 4 Varlaam Moţoc was the Metropolitan of Moldavia (1632-1653). He edited the Romanian Book of Learning in 1643.

Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino

Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino 4 Prince Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino, was a Romanian politician and lawyer, one of the leading Conservative Party policymakers. Among his political posts were minister of public instruction in Romania, president of the chamber, and president of the senate. He twice served as the Prime Minister of Romania: between 23 April 1899 and 19 July 1900, and between 4 January 1906 and 24 March 1907. He resigned from office after failing to put down the large-scale peasants' revolt. He was the 20th Romanian politician to serve as Prime Minister.

János Bolyai

János Bolyai 4 János Bolyai or Johann Bolyai, was a Hungarian mathematician who developed absolute geometry—a geometry that includes both Euclidean geometry and hyperbolic geometry. The discovery of a consistent alternative geometry that might correspond to the structure of the universe helped to free mathematicians to study abstract concepts irrespective of any possible connection with the physical world.

Constantin Rădulescu-Motru

Constantin Rădulescu-Motru 4 Constantin Rădulescu-Motru was a Romanian philosopher, psychologist, sociologist, logician, academic, dramatist, as well as left-nationalist politician. A member of the Romanian Academy after 1923, he was its vice president in 1935–1938, 1941–1944, and its president between 1938 and 1941.

Pál Kinizsi

Pál Kinizsi 4 Pál Kinizsi was a Hungarian general in the service of Hungarian army under king Matthias Corvinus. He was the Count of Temes County from 1484 and Captain-General of the Lower Parts. He was a general of King Mathias's famed Black Army. He is famous for his victory over the Ottomans in the Battle of Breadfield in October 1479. He reputedly has never lost a battle.

Tudor Vianu

Tudor Vianu 4 Tudor Vianu was a Romanian literary critic, art critic, poet, philosopher, academic, and translator. He had a major role on the reception and development of Modernism in Romanian literature and art. He was married to Elena Vianu, herself a literary critic, and was the father of Ion Vianu, a psychiatrist, writer and essayist.


Romulus 4 Romulus was the legendary founder and first king of Rome. Various traditions attribute the establishment of many of Rome's oldest legal, political, religious, and social institutions to Romulus and his contemporaries. Although many of these traditions incorporate elements of folklore, and it is not clear to what extent a historical figure underlies the mythical Romulus, the events and institutions ascribed to him were central to the myths surrounding Rome's origins and cultural traditions.

Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach 4 Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for his prolific authorship of music across a variety of instruments and forms, including; orchestral music such as the Brandenburg Concertos; solo instrumental works such as the cello suites and sonatas and partitas for solo violin; keyboard works such as the Goldberg Variations and The Well-Tempered Clavier; organ works such as the Schubler Chorales and the Toccata and Fugue in D minor; and choral works such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival, he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music.

George Emil Palade

George Emil Palade 4 George Emil Palade was a Romanian-American cell biologist. Described as "the most influential cell biologist ever", in 1974 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine along with Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. The prize was granted for his innovations in electron microscopy and cell fractionation which together laid the foundations of modern molecular cell biology, the most notable discovery being the ribosomes of the endoplasmic reticulum – which he first described in 1955.

Ovid Densusianu

Ovid Densusianu 4 Ovid Densusianu was a Romanian poet, philologist, linguist, folklorist, literary historian and critic, chief of a poetry school, university professor and journalist. He is known for introducing new trends of European modernism into Romanian literature.

Anton Bacalbașa

Anton Bacalbașa 4 Anton Costache Bacalbașa was a Romanian political journalist, humorist and politician, chiefly remembered for his antimilitaristic series Moș Teacă. Together with his brothers Ioan and Constantin, he entered public life as a republican and socialist militant. For a while, his career was intertwined with that of Marxist doyen Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, who inspired in him the idea of a socialist art addressed to the masses. He was himself a popularizer of Marxist ideas, and one of the first Marxist intellectuals in Romanian political history.

Nicolae Beldiceanu

Nicolae Beldiceanu 4 Nicolae Beldiceanu was a Romanian poet and novelist.                                               

John III the Terrible

John III the Terrible 4 John III the Terrible, also John III the Brave was Voivode of Moldavia between February 1572 and June 1574.

Nicolae Filipescu

Nicolae Filipescu 4 Nicolae Filipescu was a Romanian politician.                                                       

Dimitrie Onciul

Dimitrie Onciul 4 Dimitrie Onciul was a Romanian historian. He was a member of the Romanian Academy and its president from 1920 until his death in 1923.

Aurel Popovici

Aurel Popovici 4 Aurel Constantin Popovici was an ethnic Romanian Austro-Hungarian lawyer and politician.           

Balázs Orbán

Balázs Orbán 4 Balázs Orbán, Baron of Lengyelfalva was a Hungarian author, ethnographic collector, parliamentarian, correspondent member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1887).

Petre Liciu

Petre Liciu 4 Petre Liciu was a Romanian stage actor.                                                             

Vasile Voiculescu

Vasile Voiculescu 4 Vasile Voiculescu was a Romanian poet, short-story writer, playwright, and physician.               

Ion Mincu

Ion Mincu 4 Ion Mincu was a Romanian architect known for having a leading role in the development of the Romanian Revival style. Most of his projects are located in Bucharest, including his main works, the Palace of Justice, the Kiseleff Roadside Buffet, and the Central Girls' School.

George Georgescu

George Georgescu 4 George Georgescu was a Romanian conductor. The moving force behind the Bucharest Philharmonic Orchestra for decades beginning shortly after World War I, a protégé of Artur Nikisch and a close associate of George Enescu, he received honors from the French and communist Romanian governments and lived to make recordings in the stereo era.

Patriarch Miron of Romania

Patriarch Miron of Romania 4 Miron Cristea was a Romanian cleric and politician.                                                 


Movilești 4 The House of Movileşti, also Movilă or Moghilă, was a family of boyars in the principality of Moldavia, which became related through marriage with the Muşatin family – the traditional House of Moldavian sovereigns.

Cincinat Pavelescu

Cincinat Pavelescu 4 Cincinat Pavelescu was a Romanian poet and playwright.                                             

Elena Văcărescu

Elena Văcărescu 4 Elena Văcărescu, or Hélène Vacaresco, was a Romanian-French aristocrat writer, twice a laureate of the Académie française.

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci 4 Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath of the High Renaissance who was active as a painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor, and architect. While his fame initially rested on his achievements as a painter, he has also become known for his notebooks, in which he made drawings and notes on a variety of subjects, including anatomy, astronomy, botany, cartography, painting, and paleontology. Leonardo is widely regarded to have been a genius who epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal, and his collective works comprise a contribution to later generations of artists matched only by that of his younger contemporary Michelangelo.

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Giuseppe Garibaldi 4 Giuseppe Maria Garibaldi was an Italian general, patriot, revolutionary and republican. He contributed to Italian unification (Risorgimento) and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy. He is considered to be one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland", along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi is also known as the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in South America and Europe.

Nicolae Teclu

Nicolae Teclu 4 Nicolae Teclu ; was a Romanian chemist, who gave his name to the worldwide-used "Teclu burner". He studied engineering and architecture, and then chemistry, continuing his career by becoming professor for general and analytical chemistry in Vienna. He also contributed substantially to the worldwide development of chemistry.

Antal Nagy de Buda

Antal Nagy de Buda 4 Antal Nagy de Buda or Antal Budai Nagy was a petty nobleman from Kolozs County, Transylvania, who led the first major peasant revolt in medieval Hungary in 1437. He died in the decisive battle during the revolt, which subsequently failed.

Maxim Gorky

Maxim Gorky 4 Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, popularly known as Maxim Gorky, was a Russian and Soviet writer and socialism proponent. He was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Before his success as an author, he travelled widely across the Russian Empire changing jobs frequently, experiences which would later influence his writing.

Dinu Lipatti

Dinu Lipatti 4 Constantin "Dinu" Lipatti was a Romanian classical pianist and composer whose career was cut short by his death from effects related to Hodgkin's disease at age 33. He was elected posthumously to the Romanian Academy. He composed few works, all of which demonstrated a strong influence from Bartok.

Romulus Ladea

Romulus Ladea 4 Romulus Ladea, cunoscut și ca Romul Ladea, a fost un sculptor român, profesor universitar la Cluj. 

Stephen Bocskai

Stephen Bocskai 4 Stephen Bocskai or Bocskay was Prince of Transylvania and Hungary from 1605 to 1606. He was born to a Hungarian noble family. His father's estates were located in the eastern regions of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, which developed into the Principality of Transylvania in the 1570s. He spent his youth in the court of the Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian, who was also the ruler of Royal Hungary.

Tiberiu Brediceanu

Tiberiu Brediceanu 4 Tiberiu Brediceanu was a Romanian composer and a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy.     

Anton Chekhov

Anton Chekhov 4 Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian playwright and physician. His career as a playwright produced four classics, and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is often referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theatre. Chekhov was a physician by profession. "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."

Gheorghe Sion

Gheorghe Sion 4 Gheorghe Sion was a Moldavian, later Romanian poet, playwright, translator and memoirist.           

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei 4 Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei, commonly referred to as Galileo Galilei or simply Galileo, was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, sometimes described as a polymath. He was born in the city of Pisa, then part of the Duchy of Florence. Galileo has been called the father of observational astronomy, modern-era classical physics, the scientific method, and modern science.

Armand Călinescu

Armand Călinescu 3 Armand Călinescu was a Romanian economist and politician, who served as 39th Prime Minister from March 1939 until his assassination six months later. He was a staunch opponent of the fascist Iron Guard and may have been the real power behind the throne during the dictatorship of King Carol II. He survived several assassination attempts but was finally killed by members of the Iron Guard with German assistance.

Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II 3 Elizabeth II was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states over the course of her lifetime and remained the monarch of 15 realms by the time of her death. Her reign of over 70 years is the longest of any British monarch, the longest of any female monarch, and the second longest verified reign of any monarch of a sovereign state in history.

Henri Mathias Berthelot

Henri Mathias Berthelot 3 Henri Mathias Berthelot was a French general during World War I. He held an important staff position under Joseph Joffre, the French commander-in-chief, at the First Battle of the Marne, before later commanding a corps in the front line. In 1917 he helped to rebuild the Romanian Army following its disastrous defeat the previous autumn, then in summer 1918 he commanded French Fifth Army at the Second Battle of the Marne, with some British and Italian troops under his command. In the final days of the war he again returned to Romania, helping fight the Hungarians during the Hungarian–Romanian War and then briefly commanded French intervention forces in southern Russia in the Russian Civil War, fighting the Bolsheviks in Bessarabia (1918).

Ioan Maiorescu

Ioan Maiorescu 3 Ioan Maiorescu, născut Trifu, a fost un profesor român de istorie, director al Școlii Centrale din Craiova, agent diplomatic al guvernului Țării Românești pe lângă dieta germană de la Frankfurt pe Main, tatăl lui Titu Maiorescu.

Constantin Prezan

Constantin Prezan 3 Constantin Prezan was a Romanian general during World War I. In 1930 he was given the honorary title of Marshal of Romania, as a recognition of his merits during his command of the Northern Army and of the General Staff.

Ion Nistor

Ion Nistor 3 Ion I. Nistor was a Romanian historian and politician. He was a titular member of the Romanian Academy from 1915 and a professor at the universities of Cernăuți and Bucharest, while also serving as Minister of State for Bukovina, Minister of Public Works, Minister of Labor, and Minister of Religious Affairs and the Arts with a number of governments from 1918 to 1940.

Mihail Sebastian

Mihail Sebastian 3 Mihail Sebastian was a Romanian playwright, essayist, journalist and novelist.                     

Georges Clemenceau

Georges Clemenceau 3 Georges Benjamin Clemenceau was a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from 1906 to 1909 and again from 1917 until 1920. A physician turned journalist, he played a central role in the politics of the Third Republic, particularly amid the end of the First World War. He was a key figure of the Independent Radicals, advocating for the separation of church and state, as well as the amnesty of the Communards exiled to New Caledonia.

Udrea Băleanu

Udrea Băleanu 3 Udrea Băleanu, also known as Băleanul, Banul Udrea, or Udrea of Băleni, was a Wallachian and Moldavian statesman and military commander. He was especially noted as a key supporter, and alleged uncle, of the unifying Prince Michael the Brave, serving under his command in the Long Turkish War. In the early stages of Michael's revolt against the Ottoman Empire, Băleanu drove the Wallachian military forces into Rumelia, relieving Nikopol. He served as Ban of Oltenia, then commanded supporting contingents in the 1599 campaign to annex Transylvania. The following year, Michael employed him as one of his four regents in Moldavia, and also made him commander of the Moldavian army, with the title of Hetman. This assignment made Băleanu a direct enemy of the Movilă dynasty, which claimed the Moldavian throne, and of the Movilăs' backers in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Ileana Cosânzeana

Ileana Cosânzeana 3 Ileana Cosânzeana is a figure in Romanian mythology. She is represented as a beautiful good-natured princess or daughter of an Emperor, or described as a fairy with immense powers.


Făt-Frumos 3 Făt-Frumos is a knight hero in Romanian folklore, usually present in fairy tales.                   

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky 3 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a Russian composer of the Romantic period. He was the first Russian composer whose music would make a lasting impression internationally. Tchaikovsky wrote some of the most popular concert and theatrical music in the current classical repertoire, including the ballets Swan Lake and The Nutcracker, the 1812 Overture, his First Piano Concerto, Violin Concerto, the Romeo and Juliet Overture-Fantasy, several symphonies, and the opera Eugene Onegin.

Edgar Quinet

Edgar Quinet 3 Edgar Quinet was a French historian and intellectual.                                               

Ioan Bob

Ioan Bob 3 Ioan Bob, was Bishop of Făgăraş and Primate of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church from 1783 to his death in 1830.

Sándor Kőrösi Csoma

Sándor Kőrösi Csoma 3 Sándor Csoma de Kőrös was a Hungarian philologist and Orientalist, author of the first Tibetan–English dictionary and grammar book. He was called Phyi-glin-gi-grwa-pa in Tibetan, meaning "the foreign pupil", and was declared a bosatsu or bodhisattva by the Japanese in 1933. He was born in Kőrös, Grand Principality of Transylvania. His birth date is often given as 4 April, although this is actually his baptism day and the year of his birth is debated by some authors who put it at 1787 or 1788 rather than 1784. The Magyar ethnic group, the Székelys, to which he belonged believed that they were derived from a branch of Attila's Huns who had settled in Transylvania in the fifth century. Hoping to study the claim and to find the place of origin of the Székelys and the Magyars by studying language kinship, he set off to Asia in 1820 and spent his lifetime studying the Tibetan language and Buddhist philosophy. Csoma de Kőrös is considered as the founder of Tibetology. He was said to have been able to read in seventeen languages. He died in Darjeeling while attempting to make a trip to Lhasa in 1842 and a memorial was erected in his honour by the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

Martin Luther

Martin Luther 3 Martin Luther was a German priest, theologian, author, hymnwriter, professor, and Augustinian friar. Luther was the seminal figure of the Protestant Reformation, and his theological beliefs form the basis of Lutheranism. He is regarded as one of the most influential figures in Western and Christian history.

Gheorghe Avramescu

Gheorghe Avramescu 3 Gheorghe Avramescu was a Romanian Lieutenant General during World War II. In 1945, he was arrested by the NKVD on the Slovakian front and died in custody the next day.

Michael I of Romania

Michael I of Romania 3 Michael I was the last king of Romania, reigning from 20 July 1927 to 8 June 1930 and again from 6 September 1940 until his forced abdication on 30 December 1947.

Imre Madách

Imre Madách 3 Imre Madách de Sztregova et Kelecsény was a Hungarian aristocrat, writer, poet, lawyer and politician. His major work is The Tragedy of Man. It is a dramatic poem approximately 4000 lines long, which elaborates on ideas comparable to Goethe's Faust and Milton's Paradise Lost. The author was encouraged and advised by János Arany, one of the most famous of the 19th-century Hungarian poets.

Eugeniu Carada

Eugeniu Carada 3 Eugeniu Carada a fost un economist politic și scriitor român, fondatorul Băncii Naționale a României;

Ion Agârbiceanu

Ion Agârbiceanu 3 Ion Agârbiceanu was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian writer, journalist, politician, theologian and Greek-Catholic priest. Born among the Romanian peasant class of Transylvania, he was originally an Orthodox, but chose to embrace Eastern Catholicism. Assisted by the Catholic congregation of Blaj, he graduated from Budapest University, after which he was ordained. Agârbiceanu was initially assigned to a parish in the Apuseni Mountains, which form the backdrop to much of his fiction. Before 1910, Agârbiceanu had achieved literary fame in both Transylvania and the Kingdom of Romania, affiliating with ASTRA cultural society in 1912; his work was disputed between the rival schools of Sămănătorul and Poporanism. After a debut in poetry, he became a highly prolific author of novels, novellas, and other forms of prose, being rated as "Chekhovian" or "Tolstoyan" for his talents in describing the discreet suffering of common folk.

Ion Țuculescu

Ion Țuculescu 3 Ion Ţuculescu was a Romanian expressionist and abstract oil painter, although professionally he worked as a biologist and physician. His artwork became well-known posthumously, when, in the spring of 1965, a major retrospective exhibition revealed him as one of the important post-World War II European modern artists.

Virgil Madgearu

Virgil Madgearu 3 Virgil Traian N. Madgearu was a Romanian economist, sociologist, and left-wing politician, prominent member and main theorist of the Peasants' Party and of its successor, the National Peasants' Party (PNȚ). He had an important activity as an essayist and journalist, being for long a member on the editorial board for the influential Viața Românească.

Aron Cotruș

Aron Cotruș 3 Aron Cotruș was a Romanian poet, diplomat, and member of the fascist Iron Guard.                   

Barbu Lăzăreanu

Barbu Lăzăreanu 3 Barbu Lăzăreanu was a Romanian literary historian, bibliographer, and left-wing activist. Of Romanian Jewish background, he became noted for both his social criticism and his lyrical pieces while still in high school, subsequently developing as a satirist and printing his own humorous magazine, Țivil-Cazon. Lăzăreanu's youthful sympathies veered toward the anarchist underground, prompting him to associate with Panait Mușoiu. At that stage of his life, he participated in a bakers' strike, and encouraged peasants to resist encroachment by the landowners.

Ștefan Odobleja

Ștefan Odobleja 3 Ștefan Odobleja was a Romanian physician and scientist of cybernetics and artificial intelligence. 

Corneliu Baba

Corneliu Baba 3 Corneliu Baba was a Romanian painter, primarily a portraitist, but also known as a genre painter and an illustrator of books.

Nicolae Bolcaș

Nicolae Bolcaș 3 Nicolae Bolcaș a fost un deputat în Marea Adunare Națională de la Alba Iulia, organismul legislativ reprezentativ al „tuturor românilor din Transilvania, Banat și Țara Ungurească”, cel care a adoptat hotărârea privind Unirea Transilvaniei cu România, la 1 decembrie 1918.

Richard Wagner

Richard Wagner 3 Wilhelm Richard Wagner was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas. Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Carl Maria von Weber and Giacomo Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk, by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama. He described this vision in a series of essays published between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen.


Virgil 3 Publius Vergilius Maro, usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He composed three of the most famous poems in Latin literature: the Eclogues, the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid. A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, were attributed to him in ancient times, but modern scholars consider his authorship of these poems to be dubious.

Iacob Heraclid

Iacob Heraclid 3 Iacob Heraclid, born Basilicò and also known as Iacobus Heraclides, Heraclid Despotul, or Despot Vodă, was a Greek Maltese soldier, adventurer and intellectual, who reigned as Prince of Moldavia from November 1561 to November 1563. He is remembered as a pioneer of the Protestant faith in Eastern Europe, a champion of Renaissance humanism, and a founder of academic life in Moldavia. Active within the Greek diaspora in several countries, he was a student of Hermodorus Lestarchus, and worked as a scribe alongside his cousin, Iakobos Diassorinos. Heraclid forged his genealogy several times, claiming to be a member of the Branković dynasty; he was more reliably related to the Byzantine nobility in Rhodes, and claimed the titular lordship of Samos. In the late 1540s and early '50s, he studied medicine at the University of Montpellier, and married a local. A duelist and alleged infanticide, Heraclid fled over the border with the Holy Roman Empire before he could be executed for murder. He was slowly won over by the Reformation, serving the Protestant princes of the Upper Saxon Circle.

Constantin Daniel

Constantin Daniel 3 Constantin Daniel a fost un medic psihiatru și orientalist român de origine evreiască. Unul dintre promotorii ergoterapiei în România. Preocupări în domeniul vechilor civilizații orientale. Traduceri de texte orientale. Membru al Uniunii Scriitorilor din 1976 și fost presedintele al Asociației de Studii Orientale. Cunoscător al limbilor antice orientale, precum și a limbii eline și a latinei Constantin Daniel întreprinde o sinteză dedicate culturilor antice din Orientul Mijlociu, comparabilă cu aceea a lui Maspero, cercetătorul care a ambiționat la începutul secolului nostru o istorie generală a vechilor popoare din Orient.

Simion Mehedinți

Simion Mehedinți 3 Simion Mehedinți was a Romanian geographer, the founding father of modern Romanian geography, and a titular member of the Romanian Academy. A figure of importance in the Junimea literary club, he was for a while editor of its magazine, Convorbiri Literare, and became a supporter of the fascist Iron Guard.

Constantin Brătescu

Constantin Brătescu 3 Constantin Brătescu was a Romanian major-general during World War II.                               

Saint Anne

Saint Anne 3 According to apocrypha, as well as Christian and Islamic tradition, Saint Anne was the mother of Mary, the wife of Joachim and the maternal grandmother of Jesus. Mary's mother is not named in the Bible's canonical gospels. In writing, Anne's name and that of her husband Joachim come only from New Testament apocrypha, of which the Gospel of James seems to be the earliest that mentions them. The mother of Mary is mentioned but not named in the Quran.

Aurel Lazăr

Aurel Lazăr 3 Aurel Lazăr a fost un avocat român din Oradea, membru al Partidului Național Român din Transilvania, Banat și Părțile Ungurene, deputat în Marea Adunare Națională de la Alba Iulia, organismul legislativ reprezentativ al „tuturor românilor din Transilvania, Banat și Țara Ungurească”, cel care a adoptat hotărârea privind Unirea Transilvaniei cu România, la 1 decembrie 1918.

Johannes Honter

Johannes Honter 3 Johannes Honter was a Transylvanian Saxon, renaissance humanist, Protestant reformer, and theologian. Honter is best known for his geographic and cartographic publishing activity, as well as for implementing the Lutheran reform in Transylvania and founding the church, which would become the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania, after the union of Transylvania with Romania.

Constantin Pantazi

Constantin Pantazi 3 Constantin Pantazi a fost un general de armată român și ministru al apărării în perioada 23 ianuarie 1942 - 23 august 1944. A fost unul din cei mai fideli adepți ai ex-generalului Ion Antonescu. Pentru crime de război a fost degradat și condamnat la moarte, condamnare care a fost comutată în închisoare pe viață.

Petrache Poenaru

Petrache Poenaru 3 Petrache Poenaru was a Romanian inventor.                                                           

Aristizza Romanescu

Aristizza Romanescu 3 Aristizza Romanescu was a Romanian stage actress, active 1872–1918.                                 

Doamna Chiajna

Doamna Chiajna 3 Doamna Chiajna (1525–1588) was a Princess consort of Wallachia. She was married to Mircea the Shepherd. She was regent in Wallachia from 1559 to 1575.

Petru Cercel

Petru Cercel 3 Petru II Cercel was a Voivode (Prince) of Wallachia from 1583 to 1585, legitimate son to Pătrașcu cel Bun and alleged half-brother of Mihai Viteazul. A polyglot and a minor figure as a poet, Petru is noted for having written his verses in Tuscan.

Maria Oltea

Maria Oltea 3 Maria Oltea cunoscută și sub numele de Doamna Oltea a fost mama lui Ștefan cel Mare, fiind înmormântată la Mănăstirea Probota. Nu se știe cu certitudine dacă a fost sau nu oficial soția domnitorului Bogdan al II-lea, tatăl lui Ștefan. În lucrarea Princeps Omni Laude Maior. O istorie a lui Ștefan cel Mare istoricul Ștefan Gorovei scrie că „este foarte probabil că Oltea nu a fost soție legiuită a lui Bogdan al II-lea și, prin urmare, nici doamnă a Moldovei”. De asemenea, în lucrarea „România cum era pînă la 1918”, Nicolae Iorga o descrie pe mama lui Ștefan Cel Mare astfel: „n-a fost soție de domn, dar din iubirea ei cu un domn viteaz a dat naștere, într-un ceas fericit, lui Ștefan Vodă cel Mare, mîntuitorul”. Anumite izvoare istorice presupun că toți cei cinci copii ai Mariei Oltea provin dintr-o relație precendentă celei avute cu domnitorul Bogdan al II-lea.

Constantin Tănase

Constantin Tănase 3 Constantin Tănase was a Romanian actor and writer for stage, a key figure in the revue style of theater in Romania.

Maria Tănase

Maria Tănase 3 Maria Tănase was a Romanian singer and actress. Her music ranged from traditional Romanian music to romance, tango, chanson, and operetta.

Sextil Pușcariu

Sextil Pușcariu 3 Sextil Iosif Pușcariu was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian linguist and philologist, also known for his involvement in administrative and party politics. A native of Brașov educated in France and Germany, he was active in Transylvania's cultural life and worked as a Romanian-language professor at Czernowitz in the Duchy of Bukovina. He began his scholarly career in 1906, when he was tasked with compiling a general dictionary of the Romanian language. Interested in a variety of disciplines, Pușcariu published widely and brought new ideas into Romania, as well as overseeing two monumental projects related to the language: advancing his dictionary to the letter "L", and creating an atlas of the language.

Radu Șerban

Radu Șerban 3 Radu Șerban was a Wallachian nobleman who reigned as the principality's voivode during two periods from 1602 to 1610 and during 1611. A supposed descendant of Neagoe Basarab, he attained high office during the reign of Michael the Brave. After ascending the throne, he continued the policy of independence of Wallachia first put forth by Michael the Brave. Having struggled with great difficulties inside and outside the country, he managed to cope successfully during a reign lasting almost ten years. He has been noted for his particular political skill and military prowess, proving to be one of the more noteworthy princes of Wallachia.

Victor Deleu

Victor Deleu 3 Victor Deleu was a politician from Romania.                                                         

Henry Ford

Henry Ford 3 Henry Ford was an American industrialist and business magnate. As the founder of the Ford Motor Company he is credited as a pioneer in making automobiles affordable for middle-class Americans through the system that came to be known as Fordism. In 1911 he was awarded a patent for the transmission mechanism that would be used in the Model T and other automobiles.

Veniamin Costache

Veniamin Costache 3 Veniamin Costachi a fost un cărturar și traducător român, mitropolit în Țara Moldovei.             

Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin 3 Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era. He is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet, as well as the founder of modern Russian literature.

Alexandru Macedonski

Alexandru Macedonski 3 Alexandru Macedonski was a Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades. A forerunner of local modernist literature, he is the first local author to have used free verse, and claimed by some to have been the first in modern European literature. Within the framework of Romanian literature, Macedonski is seen by critics as second only to national poet Mihai Eminescu; as leader of a cosmopolitan and aestheticist trend formed around his Literatorul journal, he was diametrically opposed to the inward-looking traditionalism of Eminescu and his school.

Ștefan Procopiu

Ștefan Procopiu 3 Ștefan Procopiu was a Romanian physicist and a titular member of the Romanian Academy.             

Toma Caragiu

Toma Caragiu 3 Toma Caragiu was a Romanian theatre, television and film actor.                                     

Petre Dulfu

Petre Dulfu 3 Petre Dulfu was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian poet, translator and playwright.                 

Iuliu Hossu

Iuliu Hossu 3 Iuliu Hossu was a Romanian Greek-Catholic prelate who served as the Bishop of Cluj-Gherla. Pope Paul VI elevated Hossu to the rank of cardinal in pectore, that is, secretly, in 1969 but did not publish his appointment until after Hossu's death. The Communist authorities arrested Bishop Hossu on 28 October 1948. From 1950 to 1955 he was detained as political prisoner at the Sighet Prison. He spent the rest of his life under house arrest and died in 1970.

Mór Jókai

Mór Jókai 3 Móricz Jókay of Ásva, known as Mór Jókai, was a Hungarian novelist, dramatist and revolutionary. Outside of Hungary, he was also known as Maurice Jókai or Maurus Jokai or Mauritius Jókai. He was a leader of the outbreak of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 in Pest. His romantic novels became widely popular among the elite of Victorian England, where he was often compared to Charles Dickens by the press. One of his most famous admirers was Queen Victoria herself.

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus 3 Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator from the Republic of Genoa who completed four Spanish-based voyages across the Atlantic Ocean sponsored by the Catholic Monarchs, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and European colonization of the Americas. His expeditions were the first known European contact with the Caribbean and Central and South America.

Stephen IV of Moldavia

Stephen IV of Moldavia 3 Stephen IV of Moldavia, also called Ștefăniță was Prince of Moldavia from 1517 to 1527. He succeeded to the throne as son of the previous ruler, Bogdan III cel Chior. Until 1523, he was under the regency of Luca Arbore, Gatekeeper of Suceava. He was the father of John III the Terrible.

Ana Aslan

Ana Aslan 3 Ana Aslan was a Romanian biologist and physician of partial Armenian descent, born Anna Aslanyan, specialist in gerontology, academician from 1974 and the director of the National Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology (1958–1988).

Anthim the Iberian

Anthim the Iberian 3 Anthim the Iberian was a Georgian theologian, scholar, calligrapher, philosopher and one of the greatest ecclesiastic figures of Wallachia, led the printing press of the prince of Wallachia, and was Metropolitan of Bucharest in 1708–1715.

Alexandru G. Golescu

Alexandru G. Golescu 3 Alexandru G. Golescu was a Romanian politician who served as a Prime Minister of Romania in 1870.   

Stephan Ludwig Roth

Stephan Ludwig Roth 3 Stephan Ludwig Roth was a Transylvanian Saxon intellectual, teacher, pedagogue and Lutheran pastor. 

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin 3 Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, widely known for his contributions to evolutionary biology. His proposition that all species of life have descended from a common ancestor is now generally accepted and considered a fundamental concept in science. In a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, he introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history and was honoured by burial in Westminster Abbey.

Pavel Dan

Pavel Dan 3 Pavel Dan was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian prose writer.                                       

Radu Stanca

Radu Stanca 3 Radu Stanca was a Romanian poet, playwright, theatre director, theatre critic and theoretician.     

Petru E. Oance

Petru E. Oance 3 Petru E. Oancea, cunoscut mai degrabă sub pseudonimul Tata Oancea, a fost un talentat artist popular, poet si sculptor, om de cultură ce a întruchipat profund spiritualitatea bănățeană.

Cezar Petrescu

Cezar Petrescu 3 Cezar Petrescu was a Romanian journalist, novelist, and children's writer.                         

Hans Christian Andersen

Hans Christian Andersen 3 Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, he is best remembered for his literary fairy tales.

Emanoil Gojdu

Emanoil Gojdu 3 Emanuil Gojdu was a Romanian lawyer in the Kingdom of Hungary and patriot.                         

Petro Mohyla

Petro Mohyla 3 Petro Mohyla was the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and all Rus' in the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in the Eastern Orthodox Church from 1633 to 1646.

Attila József

Attila József 3 Attila József was one of the most famous Hungarian poets of the 20th century. Generally not recognized during his lifetime, József was hailed during the communist era of the 1950s as Hungary's great "proletarian poet" and he has become the best known of the modern Hungarian poets internationally.


Rembrandt 3 Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, usually simply known as Rembrandt, was a Dutch Golden Age painter, printmaker, and draughtsman. He is generally considered one of the greatest visual artists in the history of art. It is estimated Rembrandt produced a total of about three hundred paintings, three hundred etchings, and two thousand drawings.

Melchisedec Ștefănescu

Melchisedec Ștefănescu 3 Melchisedec Ștefănescu was a Moldavian, later Romanian historian and bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Church. A native of the Piatra Neamț area, he was educated at Iași and in Kiev. After a decade of teaching seminary, he became a bishop, serving at Huși, Ismail, briefly in Galați and then in Roman until his death. He was involved in politics, especially around the time the United Principalities came into being, and was a steadfast supporter of Alexandru Ion Cuza's reforms, including the secularization of monastic estates. A historian appreciated by his peers, Melchisedec published over sixty works. After his death, his property and money went toward setting up the Romanian Academy Library, sending students on scholarship to Imperial Russia and establishing a foundation that continues its activities in Roman.


Michaelmas 3 Michaelmas is a Christian festival observed in many Western Christian liturgical calendars on 29 September, and on 8 November in the Eastern Christian traditions. Michaelmas has been one of the four quarter days of the English and Irish financial, judicial, and academic year.

Garabet Ibrăileanu

Garabet Ibrăileanu 3 Garabet Ibrăileanu was a Romanian-Armenian literary critic and theorist, writer, translator, sociologist, University of Iași professor (1908–1934), and, together with Paul Bujor and Constantin Stere, for long main editor of the Viața Românească literary magazine between 1906 and 1930. He published many of his works under the pen name Cezar Vraja.

Costache Conachi

Costache Conachi 3 Costache Conachi was a Romanian boyar, politician, poet and writer noted for emphasizing reason and improving the craft of Romanian writing.

Dumitru Theodor Neculuță

Dumitru Theodor Neculuță 3 Dumitru Theodor Neculuță was a Romanian poet, socialist activist, and artisan shoemaker. Born to a poor family in Western Moldavia, he was not allowed to pursue his passion for music, and worked from an early age. These circumstances instilled him with a desire to combat the established social order of the Romanian Kingdom, driving him into left-wing politics. His interest in music was replaced with a poetic calling: stylistically, Neculuță followed a tradition upheld by Mihai Eminescu and George Coșbuc, which he infused with the tenets of Marxism and his own experience of acute poverty. He wrote for many decades, but was only published from 1894. In parallel, he established his profile as a "poet-activist" for the Social Democratic Workers' Party and its more radically progressive faction, spending his final years as a co-chair of the România Muncitoare in Bucharest.

Sabin Drăgoi

Sabin Drăgoi 3 Sabin Vasile Drăgoi was a Romanian composer, who specialized in folk music. His oeuvre includes orchestral and chamber works, film music and operas.

Ioan Alexandru

Ioan Alexandru 3 Ioan Alexandru was a Romanian poet, essayist and politician. After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, he became a founding member and vice-president of the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD). He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies during the 1992 elections, and again in 1996 to the Senate of Romania as a senator from Arad County.

Leo Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy 3 Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential authors of all time. He received nominations for the Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906 and for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902, and 1909.

Iosif Sava

Iosif Sava 3 Iosif Sava a fost un muzicolog român, realizator de emisiuni radio și de televiziune, provenit dintr-o familie evreiască în care se făcea muzică de peste trei secole.

Iancu Flondor

Iancu Flondor 3 Iancu Flondor was a Romanian politician who advocated Bukovina's union with the Kingdom of Romania. 

Ionel Teodoreanu

Ionel Teodoreanu 3 Ionel Teodoreanu was a Romanian novelist and lawyer. He is mostly remembered for his books on the themes of childhood and adolescence.

Hieromonk Makarije

Hieromonk Makarije 3 Hieromonk Makarije is the founder of Serbian and Romanian printing, having printed the first book in Serbian and the first book in the territory of Walachia.


Sophocles 3 Sophocles was an ancient Greek tragedian, known as one of three from whom at least one play has survived in full. His first plays were written later than, or contemporary with, those of Aeschylus; and earlier than, or contemporary with, those of Euripides. Sophocles wrote over 120 plays, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, Women of Trachis, Oedipus Rex, Electra, Philoctetes, and Oedipus at Colonus. For almost fifty years, Sophocles was the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens which took place during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia. He competed in thirty competitions, won twenty-four, and was never judged lower than second place. Aeschylus won thirteen competitions, and was sometimes defeated by Sophocles; Euripides won four.

Grigore Bălan

Grigore Bălan 3 Grigore Bălan was a Romanian brigadier general during World War II.                                 

Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus 3 Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance polymath, active as a mathematician, astronomer, and Catholic canon, who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than Earth at its center. In all likelihood, Copernicus developed his model independently of Aristarchus of Samos, an ancient Greek astronomer who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.

Sergiu Celibidache

Sergiu Celibidache 3 Sergiu Celibidache was a Romanian conductor, composer, musical theorist, and teacher. Educated in his native Romania, and later in Paris and Berlin, Celibidache's career in music spanned over five decades, including tenures as principal conductor of the Munich Philharmonic, Berlin Philharmonic, Sicilian Symphony Orchestra and several other European orchestras. Later in life, he taught at Mainz University in Germany and the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

August Treboniu Laurian

August Treboniu Laurian 3 August Treboniu Laurian was a Transylvanian Romanian politician, historian and linguist. He was born in the village of Hochfeld, Principality of Transylvania, Austrian Empire. He obtained his doctorate at the Göttingen University and was a participant in the 1848 revolution, an organizer of the Romanian school and one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy.

Ioan Ursu (fizician)

Ioan Ursu (fizician) 3 Ioan Ursu a fost un fizician român, academician, coordonator al programului nuclear al României, membru PCR, ministru în guvernele comuniste.

Alexandru Șerbănescu

Alexandru Șerbănescu 2 Alexandru "Alecu" Șerbănescu was a leading Romanian fighter pilot and flying ace in World War II. At the end of Romania's campaign on the side of the Axis, Șerbănescu was the country's leading ace, dying only 5 days before the country changed sides. He was credited with 47 aircraft confirmed destroyed and 8 probables.

Alexandru Cernat

Alexandru Cernat 2 Alexandru Cernat was a Romanian general and politician.                                             

Grigore Ionescu

Grigore Ionescu 2 Grigore Ionescu a fost un arhitect român, membru titular (1992) al Academiei Române. A fost profesor la Institutul de arhitectură „Ion Mincu” din București. Printre lucrările sale se numără Spitalul „Emilia Irza” din București, clădirea facultății de drumuri și poduri a Institutului de construcții din București, sanatoriul TBC Bârnova, Iași, etc.

Dmitri Mendeleev

Dmitri Mendeleev 2 Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was a Russian chemist and inventor. He is best known for formulating the Periodic Law and creating a version of the periodic table of elements. He used the Periodic Law not only to correct the then-accepted properties of some known elements, such as the valence and atomic weight of uranium, but also to predict the properties of three elements that were yet to be discovered.

Ioan Mețianu

Ioan Mețianu 2 Ioan Mețianu was an Austro-Hungarian cleric of the Romanian Orthodox Church.                       

Pavel Zăgănescu

Pavel Zăgănescu 2 Pavel Zăgănescu a fost un căpitan de pompieri român, care a condus Compania de Pompieri români în bătălia din Dealul Spirii de la 13 septembrie 1848 împotriva trupelor otomane. Ziua de 13 septembrie a devenit Ziua pompierilor.

Sever Bocu

Sever Bocu 2 Sever Bocu a fost un politician român, economist, ziarist, redactor la ziarul „Tribuna” din Arad, unul dintre fruntașii Partidului Național Român, ulterior Partidul Național Țărănesc, deputat reprezentant al Banatului, apoi ministru în guvernul lui Iuliu Maniu.

Traian Popovici

Traian Popovici 2 Traian Popovici was a Romanian lawyer and mayor of Cernăuți during World War II, known for saving 20,000 Jews of Bukovina from deportation.

Anastasie Panu

Anastasie Panu 2 Anastasie Panu (1810–1867) was a Moldavian, later Romanian politician.                             

Dimitrie Mangeron

Dimitrie Mangeron 2 Dimitrie Ioan Mangeron a fost un matematician român, membru corespondent al Academiei Române.       

Octav Onicescu

Octav Onicescu 2 Octav Onicescu was a Romanian mathematician and a member of the Romanian Academy. Together with his student, Gheorghe Mihoc, he is considered to be the founder of the Romanian school of probability theory and statistics.

Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu

Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu 2 Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu was a Romanian communist politician and leading member of the Communist Party of Romania (PCR), also noted for his activities as a lawyer, sociologist and economist. For a while, he was a professor at the University of Bucharest. Pătrășcanu rose to a government position before the end of World War II and, after having disagreed with Stalinist tenets on several occasions, eventually came into conflict with the Romanian Communist government of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej. He became a political prisoner and was ultimately executed. Fourteen years after Pătrășcanu's death, Romania's new communist leader, Nicolae Ceaușescu, endorsed his rehabilitation as part of a change in policy.

Otilia Cazimir

Otilia Cazimir 2 Otilia Cazimir was a Romanian poet, prose writer, translator and publicist, nicknamed the "poetess of gentle souls", known as a children's poems author.

Emil Isac

Emil Isac 2 Emil Isac was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian poet, dramatist, short story writer and critic. Noted as one of the pioneers of Symbolism and modernist literature in his native region of Transylvania, he was in tandem one of the leading young voices of the Symbolist movement in the neighboring Kingdom of Romania. Moving from prose poems with cosmopolitan traits, fusing Neo-romantic subjects with modernist free verse, he later created a lyrical discourse in the line of Social Realism. Isac was likewise known for criticizing traditionalist and nationalist trends in local literature, but, by the end of World War I, opened his own poetry to various traditionalist influences.

Agatha Bârsescu

Agatha Bârsescu 2 Agatha Bârsescu, also known by the name Agathe Barcesque, was a Romanian theatre actress, opera singer and teacher, known for her interpretations of Greek tragedies.

Lazarus of Bethany

Lazarus of Bethany 2 Lazarus of Bethany is a figure within the Christian Bible, mentioned in the New Testament in the Gospel of John, who four days after his death is restored to life by Jesus. This is seen by Christians as one of the miracles of Jesus. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, Lazarus is venerated as Righteous Lazarus, the Four-Days Dead. The Eastern Orthodox and Catholic traditions offer varying accounts of the later events of his life.

Saint Spyridon

Saint Spyridon 2 Spyridon is a saint honoured in both the Eastern and Western Christian traditions.                 

Frédéric Joliot-Curie

Frédéric Joliot-Curie 2 Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie was a French physicist and husband of Irène Joliot-Curie, with whom he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of induced radioactivity. They were the second ever married couple, after his wife's parents, to win the Nobel Prize, adding to the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. Joliot-Curie and his wife also founded the Orsay Faculty of Sciences, part of the Paris-Saclay University.

Giordano Bruno

Giordano Bruno 2 Giordano Bruno was an Italian philosopher, poet, cosmological theorist and esotericist. He is known for his cosmological theories, which conceptually extended to include the then-novel Copernican model. He proposed that the stars were distant suns surrounded by their own planets (exoplanets), and he raised the possibility that these planets might foster life of their own, a cosmological position known as cosmic pluralism. He also insisted that the universe is infinite and could have no center.

Lascăr Catargiu

Lascăr Catargiu 2 Lascăr Catargiu was a Romanian conservative statesman born in Moldavia. He belonged to an ancient Wallachian family, one of whose members had been banished in the 17th century by Prince Matei Basarab, and had settled in Moldavia.

Moise Nicoară

Moise Nicoară 2 Moise Nicoară a fost un jurist, profesor, traducător, scriitor și un patriot român, luptător pentru drepturile românilor din Banat și Crișana.

Dimitrie Pompeiu

Dimitrie Pompeiu 2 Dimitrie D. Pompeiu was a Romanian mathematician, professor at the University of Bucharest, titular member of the Romanian Academy, and President of the Chamber of Deputies.

George Constantinescu

George Constantinescu 2 George "Gogu" Constantinescu was a Romanian scientist, engineer, and inventor. During his career, he registered over 130 inventions. Constantinescu was the creator of the theory of sonics, a new branch of continuum mechanics, in which he described the transmission of mechanical energy through vibrations.

Vladislav I of Wallachia

Vladislav I of Wallachia 2 Vladislav I of the Basarab dynasty, also known as Vlaicu or Vlaicu-Vodă, was the Voivode of Wallachia between 1364 and 1377. He was the son of Nicholas Alexander of Wallachia and Clara Dobokai.

Maria Cunțan

Maria Cunțan 2 Maria Cunțan was an Austrian Empire-born Romanian poet.                                             

Samuil Vulcan

Samuil Vulcan 2 Samuil Vulcan was the Bishop of the Diocese of Oradea Mare of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church from 1806 to 1839.

Coriolan Brediceanu

Coriolan Brediceanu 2 Coriolan Brediceanu (1849–1909) was an Austro-Hungarian lawyer and politician of Romanian ethnivity. Born in Lugoj, his children included Caius and Tiberiu.

Constantin Sandu-Aldea

Constantin Sandu-Aldea 2 Constantin Sandu-Aldea was a Romanian agronomist and prose writer.                                 

Michael Weiss

Michael Weiss 2 Michael Weiss, scris uneori Weiß, a fost un istoric sas, ales ca jude al Brașovului în 1612. A lăsat în urmă mai multe scrieri cuprinzând date importante despre istoria Transilvaniei și mai ales a Brașovului.

Grigore Gabrielescu

Grigore Gabrielescu 2 Grigore Gabrielescu a fost un tenor român de faimă internațională.                                 

Nicolae Leonard

Nicolae Leonard 2 Nicolae Leonard was a Romanian opera tenor, nicknamed "the Prince of the Operetta". He was born in Bădălan and died in Câmpulung.

Alexandru Lahovary

Alexandru Lahovary 2 Alexandru Lahovary was a member of the Romanian aristocracy, a politician and diplomat who served as the Minister of Justice, Minister of Agriculture, Industry, Trade and Property, Minister of Public Works and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kingdom of Romania.

George Valentin Bibescu

George Valentin Bibescu 2 George III Valentin, Prince Bibescu was a Romanian early aviation pioneer and automobile enthusiast.

Gheorghe Bibescu

Gheorghe Bibescu 2 Gheorghe Bibescu was a hospodar (Prince) of Wallachia between 1843 and 1848. His rule coincided with the revolutionary tide that culminated in the 1848 Wallachian revolution.

Alexandru Vaida-Voevod

Alexandru Vaida-Voevod 2 Alexandru Vaida-Voevod or Vaida-Voievod was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian politician who was a supporter and promoter of the union of Transylvania with the Romanian Old Kingdom. He later served as 28th Prime Minister of Romania.

István Széchenyi

István Széchenyi 2 Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék was a Hungarian politician, political theorist, and writer. Widely considered one of the greatest statesmen in his nation's history, within Hungary he is still known to many as "the Greatest Hungarian".

Ilie Măcelar

Ilie Măcelar 2 Ilie Măcelar sau Ilie Măcelaru a fost un om politic român transilvănean, președintele Partidului Național al Românilor din Transilvania. A fost un adept al nerecunoașterii alipirii Transilvaniei la Ungaria și al boicotării vieții politice din Regatul Ungariei prin pasivism.

Victor Vâlcovici

Victor Vâlcovici 2 Victor Vâlcovici was a Romanian mechanician and mathematician.                                     

George Vâlsan

George Vâlsan 2 George Vâlsan was a Romanian geographer and writer.                                                 

Ion Pillat

Ion Pillat 2 Ion Pillat was a distinguished Romanian poet. He is best known for his volume Pe Argeș în sus and Poeme într-un vers, and for his embrionic love for his Moldavian & Muntenian boyar villages Florica & Miorcani, depictured in all his Poetry.

Petru Dobra

Petru Dobra 2 Petru Dobra a fost un revoluționar pașoptist român din Transilvania, colaborator apropiat al lui Avram Iancu în timpul Revoluției de la 1848 din Transilvania. A fost un prefect, jurisconsult în timpul revoluției din 1848. Petru Dobra este de asemenea autorul lucrării Regula Legis.

Victor Eftimiu

Victor Eftimiu 2 Victor Eftimiu was a Romanian poet and playwright. He was a contributor to Sburătorul, a Romanian literary magazine. His works have been performed in the State Jewish Theater of Romania.

Mihail Moxa

Mihail Moxa 2 Mihail Moxa was a Wallachian historiographer, translator, and Orthodox monk. Associated with the Oltenia region, he lived for much of his life at Bistrița Monastery; his career spanned a moment of deep political subjugation to the Ottoman Empire, to which he, as a historian, opposed an early version of Romanian nationalism. Moxa was one of the first authors to champion the usage of Romanian as a literary language, at a time when education was done in Old Church Slavonic, which was still the Wallachian court language, or in Greek.

Gheorghe Petrașcu

Gheorghe Petrașcu 2 Gheorghe Petrașcu was a Romanian painter. He won numerous prizes throughout his lifetime and had his paintings exhibited posthumously at the Paris International Exhibition and the Venice Biennale. He was the brother of N. Petrașcu, a literary critic and novelist.

Ștefan Greceanu

Ștefan Greceanu 2 Ștefan Greceanu a fost un pilot român de aviație, as al Aviației Române din cel de-al Doilea Război Mondial.

Hristo Botev

Hristo Botev 2 Hristo Botev, born Hristo Botyov Petkov, was a Bulgarian revolutionary and poet. Botev is considered by Bulgarians to be a symbolic historical figure and national hero. His poetry is a prime example of the literature of the Bulgarian National Revival, though he is considered to be ahead of his contemporaries in his political, philosophical, and aesthetic views.

Nicolae Oncescu

Nicolae Oncescu 2 Nicolae Oncescu a fost un geolog român, profesor universitar la Universitatea din București, doctor în științe (1939).

Eugen Brote

Eugen Brote 2 Eugen Brote a fost un agronom, publicist și politician român.                                       

Nicolae Golescu

Nicolae Golescu 2 Nicolae Golescu (1810–1877) was a Wallachian Romanian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Romania in 1860 and May–November 1868.

Donat de Münstereifel

Donat de Münstereifel 2 Sfântul Donat a fost un soldat roman, martir creștin, venerat ca sfânt. Un episod legat de viața sa ca ofițer a fost „minunea ploii” din campania contra quazilor, episod imortalizat pe Columna lui Marc Aureliu.

Radu Popescu

Radu Popescu 2 Radu Popescu a fost un cronicar român, mare vornic muntean și cronicar oficial la curtea lui Nicolae Mavrocordat. I se atribuie Istoriile domnilor Țării Românești (1290-1728), care înfățișează mult mai verosimil actele Cantacuzinilor decât Letopisețul Cantacuzinesc pe cele ale Bălenilor.

Emmanuel de Martonne

Emmanuel de Martonne 2 Emmanuel de Martonne was a French geographer. He participated in the Paris Peace Conference.       

Nikolai Spathari

Nikolai Spathari 2 Nikolai Spathari, also known as Nicolae Milescu and Nicolae Milescu Spătaru, or Spătarul Milescu-Cârnu, was a Moldavian-born writer, diplomat and traveler, who lived and worked in the Tsardom of Russia. He spoke nine languages: Romanian, Russian, Latin, both Attic and Modern Greek, French, German, Turkish and Swedish. One of his grandsons was the Spătar (Chancellor) Yuri Stefanovich, who came to Russia in 1711 with Dimitrie Cantemir.

Alexandru Mocioni

Alexandru Mocioni 2 Alexandru Mocioni a fost un om politic român, deputat în mai multe legislaturi în Camera Ungară a Parlamentul de la Budapesta, unde a intrat pentru prima dată la vârsta de 24 de ani. A propus și a sprijinit înființarea unui Partid Național al românilor din Banat și Crișana, al cărui președinte a fost timp de patru luni; a militat pentru drepturile românilor din Banat și din Transilvania.

Frédéric Chopin

Frédéric Chopin 2 Frédéric François Chopin was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic period, who wrote primarily for solo piano. He has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation".

Jules Michelet

Jules Michelet 2 Jules Michelet was a French historian and writer. He is best known for his multivolume work Histoire de France, which traces the history of France from the earliest times to the French Revolution. He is considered one of the founders of modern historiography. Michelet was influenced by Giambattista Vico. He admired Vico's emphasis on the role of people and their customs in shaping history, which was a major departure from the emphasis on political and military leaders. Michelet also drew inspiration from Vico's concept of the "corsi e ricorsi", or the cyclical nature of history, in which societies rise and fall in a recurring pattern.

Grigore Cobălcescu

Grigore Cobălcescu 2 Grigore Cobălcescu was a Moldavian, later Romanian geologist and paleontologist who is credited with introducing both fields into his country.

Alexandru Philippide

Alexandru Philippide 2 Alexandru I. Philippide was a Romanian linguist and philologist. Educated in Iași and Halle, he taught high school for several years until 1893, when he secured a professorship at the University of Iași that he would hold until his death forty years later. He began publishing books on the Romanian language around the time he graduated from university, but it was not until he became a professor that he drew wider attention, thanks to a study of the language's history. Although not particularly ideological, he penned sharp, witty polemics directed at various intellectual figures, both at home and, in one noted case, in Germany.

Ștefan Tomșa

Ștefan Tomșa 2 Ștefan Tomșa or Ștefan VII was the ruler of Moldavia in 1563 and 1564.                             

Roman Ciorogariu

Roman Ciorogariu 2 Roman Ciorogariu was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian bishop within the Romanian Orthodox Church, as well as a journalist and educator.

Miloš Obrenović, Prince of Serbia

Miloš Obrenović, Prince of Serbia 2 Miloš Obrenović born Miloš Teodorović, also known as Miloš the Great was the Prince of Serbia twice, from 1815 to 1839, and from 1858 to 1860. He was an eminent figure of the First Serbian uprising, the leader of the Second Serbian uprising, and the founder of the House of Obrenović. Under his rule, Serbia became an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire. Prince Miloš was an autocrat, consistently refusing to decentralize power, which gave rise to a strong internal opposition. Despite his humble background, he eventually became the most affluent man in Serbia and one of the wealthiest in the Balkan peninsula, possessing estates in Vienna, Serbia and Wallachia. During his rule, Miloš bought a certain number of estates and ships from the Ottomans and was also a prominent trader.

Paul Iorgovici

Paul Iorgovici 2 Paul Iorgovici, a fost om de cultură, jurist, pedagog, istoric, filozof, cercetător al limbii române.

Ana Colda

Ana Colda 2 Ana Colda a fost o actriță română.                                                                 

David Prodan

David Prodan 2 David Prodan a fost un istoric român, academician, bibliotecar, profesor universitar, specialist în istoria Transilvaniei.

Nicolae Vicol

Nicolae Vicol 2 Nicolae Vicol a fost un medic militar român cu gradul de general. A fost unul dintre cei mai de seamă medici ai Armatei României și a condus în Primul Război Mondial Serviciul Sanitar al Marelui Cartier General. A organizat de asemenea serviciul sanitar civil și militar din Basarabia. De numele său se leagă, în perioada interbelică, realizări notabile în domeniul organizării activității de balneo-climatologie din România.

Robert Koch

Robert Koch 2 Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch was a German physician and microbiologist. As the discoverer of the specific causative agents of deadly infectious diseases including tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax, he is regarded as one of the main founders of modern bacteriology. As such he is popularly nicknamed the father of microbiology, and as the father of medical bacteriology. His discovery of the anthrax bacterium in 1876 is considered as the birth of modern bacteriology. Koch used his discoveries to establish that germs "could cause a specific disease" and directly provided proofs for the germ theory of diseases, therefore creating the scientific basis of public health, saving millions of lives. For his life's work Koch is seen as one of the founders of modern medicine.

Constantin Dimitrescu-Severeanu

Constantin Dimitrescu-Severeanu 2 Constantin Dimitrescu-Severeanu a fost un chirurg român. A fost elevul lui Carol Davila și profesor la Facultatea de medicină din București. Are meritul de a fi format o școală chirugicală modernă, în a doua jumătate a secolul XIX. A înființat „Gazeta medico-chirugicală” (1870) și a contribuit la întemeiarea revistei „Progresul medical român”. A fost unul dintre primii medici care au introdus antisepsia listeriană în medicina românească, iar în 1897 a început să utilizeze razele X în chirurgie.

Grigore Tocilescu

Grigore Tocilescu 2 Grigore George Tocilescu was a Romanian historian, archaeologist, epigrapher and folkorist, member of Romanian Academy.

Zaharia Carcalechi

Zaharia Carcalechi 2 Zaharia Carcalechi was an Imperial Austrian-born Wallachian publisher.                             

Ion Inculeț

Ion Inculeț 2 Ion Inculeț was a Bessarabian and Romanian politician, the President of the Country Council of the Moldavian Democratic Republic, Minister of the Interior of Romania, full member of the Romanian Academy.

Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov 2 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a Russian and Soviet experimental neurologist and physiologist known for his discovery of classical conditioning through his experiments with dogs.

Mihail Cerchez

Mihail Cerchez 2 Mihail Cerchez Cristodulo (1839–1885) was a Romanian general.                                       

Gala Galaction

Gala Galaction 2 Gala Galaction was a Romanian Orthodox clergyman, theologian, writer, journalist, left-wing activist, as well as a political figure of the People's Republic of Romania. Contrary to political trends in interwar and WWII Romania, he was a promoter of tolerance towards the Jewish minority.


Elijah 2 Elijah was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab.

Luigi Galvani

Luigi Galvani 2 Luigi Galvani was an Italian physician, physicist, biologist and philosopher, who studied animal electricity. In 1780, he discovered that the muscles of dead frogs' legs twitched when struck by an electrical spark. This was an early study of bioelectricity, following experiments by John Walsh and Hugh Williamson.

Andrei Bârseanu

Andrei Bârseanu 2 Andrei Bârseanu a fost un folclorist român, director al ASTREI între anii 1911-1922. Împreună cu Jan Urban Jarník, filolog romanist ceh, pasionat de folclorul românesc, a fost autor al culegerilor Cincizeci de colinde și Doine și strigături din Ardeal. De asemenea, a fost un deputat în Marea Adunare Națională de la Alba Iulia, organismul legislativ reprezentativ al „tuturor românilor din Transilvania, Banat și Țara Ungurească”, cel care a adoptat hotărârea privind Unirea Transilvaniei cu România, la 1 decembrie 1918.

Dimitrie Marinescu

Dimitrie Marinescu 2 Dimitrie N. Marinescu (1882–1916) was a Romanian typographer, socialist and pacifist. He was a founder and General Secretary of the first Social Democratic Party of Romania in 1910.

Marcel Janco

Marcel Janco 2 Marcel Janco was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and painter Hans Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben.

Dimitrie Brândză

Dimitrie Brândză 2 Dimitrie Brândză was a Romanian botanist. He founded the Botanical Garden of Bucharest, which is now named in his honor.

Constantin Istrati

Constantin Istrati 2 Constantin I. Istrati was a Romanian chemist, physician, and politician. He was Minister of Public Works in 1899–1900, Minister of Agriculture, Industry, Trade, and Domains in 1907, Mayor of Bucharest in 1912–1913, and President of the Romanian Academy between 1913 and 1916.

Ion Antonescu

Ion Antonescu 2 Ion Antonescu was a Romanian military officer and marshal who presided over two successive wartime dictatorships as Prime Minister and Conducător during most of World War II. Having been responsible for facilitating the Holocaust in Romania, he was tried for war crimes and executed in 1946.

Traian Săvulescu

Traian Săvulescu 2 Traian Săvulescu was a Romanian biologist and botanist, founder of the Romanian School of Phytopathology, member and president of the Romanian Academy.

Rubin Patiția

Rubin Patiția 2 Rubin Patiția was an Austro-Hungarian ethnic Romanian lawyer and political activist. A native of the Transylvania region, he trained as a lawyer, settling in Alba Iulia in the 1870s and using his position to advance the local Romanian community. Patiția achieved prominence as a signatory of the Transylvanian Memorandum in 1892, an act that eventually led Patiția to spend time in prison. Soon after 1900, he began to withdraw from politics, dying near the close of World War I, shortly before the union of Transylvania with Romania.

Jean Monnet

Jean Monnet 2 Jean Omer Marie Gabriel Monnet was a French civil servant, entrepreneur, diplomat, financier, administrator, and political visionary. An influential supporter of European unity, he is considered one of the founding fathers of the European Union.

Aurel Suciu

Aurel Suciu 2 Aurel Suciu was an Austro-Hungarian ethnic Romanian lawyer and political activist.                 

Zaharia Bârsan

Zaharia Bârsan 2 Zaharia Bârsan was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian playwright, poet and actor.                   

Nicolae Dobrin

Nicolae Dobrin 2 Nicolae Dobrin was a Romanian footballer who played as an attacking midfielder and a manager.       

Victor Dumitrescu

Victor Dumitrescu 2 Victor Dumitrescu was a Romanian footballer who played as left back. Dumitrescu began his football career at the age of 10, in the neighbour city of Deva. He played ten years for Corvinul Deva, beginning as a youth and finishing as a senior. In 1946, he moved to Sebeş, playing well for Surianul, and after two years he signed with Flacăra Mediaş. After three years in Mediaş, Dumitrescu joined Steaua București. He played eight years for his side, being a part of Steaua's Golden Team of the 1950s. He is the single player of the Golden Team who had never played for Romania national football team.

Iosif Hodoșiu

Iosif Hodoșiu 2 Iosif Hodoș, was a Romanian historian, politician, lawyer, and publisher. He was a founding member of the Romanian Academy.

Dem Rădulescu

Dem Rădulescu 2 Dem Rădulescu was a Romanian theatre, film and television actor, and academic. He was also a professor at the Caragiale National University of Theatre and Film in Bucharest.

Ilie Minea

Ilie Minea 2 Ilie Minea a fost profesor de istorie, titularul Catedrei de Istoria Românilor de la Universitatea din Iași, fondator al Institutului de Istoria Românilor „A. D. Xenopol”.

Ioan Șenchea

Ioan Șenchea 2 Ioan Șenchea a fost un avocat, fruntaș local al Partidului Național Român din comitatul Făgăraș.   

Nicolae Nicoleanu

Nicolae Nicoleanu 2 Nicolae Nicoleanu was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian poet.                                     

Mihail Jora

Mihail Jora 2 Mihail Jora was a Romanian composer, pianist, and conductor. Jora studied in Leipzig with Robert Teichmüller. From 1929 to 1962 he was a professor at the Bucharest Conservatoire. He worked from 1928 to 1933 as a director/conductor of the Bucharest Broadcasting Orchestra. In 1944 he became vice-president of the Society of Romanian Composers: however, he soon came into criticism of the new communist government being accused of formalism. In 1953, he was rehabilitated and allowed to rejoin the Composers' Union.

Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius 2 Marcus Aurelius Antoninus was Roman emperor from 161 to 180 and a Stoic philosopher. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty, the last of the rulers later known as the Five Good Emperors and the last emperor of the Pax Romana, an age of relative peace, calm, and stability for the Roman Empire lasting from 27 BC to 180 AD. He served as Roman consul in 140, 145, and 161.

Zaharia Boiu

Zaharia Boiu 2 Zaharia Boiu a fost un poet și publicist român, membru corespondent al Academiei Române (1890).     

Dimitrie Hârlescu

Dimitrie Hârlescu 2 Dimitrie Hârlescu, né à Fălticeni, dans le județ de Suceava, le 5 novembre 1872 et mort à Constanța, le 23 novembre 1925, est un peintre roumain.

Eugen Jebeleanu

Eugen Jebeleanu 2 Eugen Jebeleanu was a Romanian poet, translator, journalist, and scholar.                           

Gib Mihăescu

Gib Mihăescu 2 Gib I. Mihăescu was a Romanian prose writer and playwright.                                         

Teodor Burada

Teodor Burada 2 Teodor T. Burada was a Romanian folklorist, ethnographer and musicologist and member of the Romanian Academy.

Tony Bulandra

Tony Bulandra 2 Tony Bulandra a fost un renumit actor român, elev al lui Constantin I. Nottara. Tony Bulandra a fost căsătorit cu Lucia Sturdza-Bulandra.

Timotei Popovici

Timotei Popovici 2 Timotei Popovici a fost un preot, pedagog și compozitor român.                                     

Gheorghe Caranfil

Gheorghe Caranfil 2 Gheorghe Caranfil was a Romanian fencer. He competed in the individual and team foil and épée events at the 1928 Summer Olympics.

Sigismund Toduță

Sigismund Toduță 2 Sigismund Toduță was a Romanian composer, musicologist, and professor.                             

Gheorghe Tătărescu

Gheorghe Tătărescu 2 Gheorghe I. Tătărescu was a Romanian politician who served twice as Prime Minister of Romania, three times as Minister of Foreign Affairs and once as Minister of War (1934). Representing the "young liberals" faction inside the National Liberal Party (PNL), Tătărescu began his political career as a collaborator of Ion G. Duca, becoming noted for his anticommunism and, in time, for his conflicts with the PNL's leader Dinu Brătianu and the Foreign Minister Nicolae Titulescu. During his first time in office, he moved closer to King Carol II and led an ambivalent policy toward the fascist Iron Guard and ultimately becoming instrumental in establishing the authoritarian and corporatist regime around the National Renaissance Front. In 1940, he accepted the cession of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union and had to resign.

Mihály Vörösmarty

Mihály Vörösmarty 2 Mihály Vörösmarty was an important Hungarian poet and dramatist.                                   

Johannes Caioni

Johannes Caioni 2 Johannes Caioni was a Transylvanian Franciscan friar and Roman Catholic priest, musician, folklorist, humanist, constructor and repairer of organs of Romanian origin.

Nikolaus Lenau

Nikolaus Lenau 2 Nikolaus Lenau was the pen name of Nikolaus Franz Niembsch Edler von Strehlenau, a German-language Austrian poet.

Filaret Barbu

Filaret Barbu 2 Filaret Barbu was a Romanian operetta composer.                                                     

Georges Bizet

Georges Bizet 2 Georges Bizet was a French composer of the Romantic era. Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, Carmen, which has become one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertoire.

Constantin Diaconovici Loga

Constantin Diaconovici Loga 2 Constantin Diaconovici Loga a fost un educator, pedagog și scriitor român. A urmat studiile gimnaziale în orașul Lugoj, pentru ca apoi să studieze Dreptul la Universitatea din Pesta. Întors de la studii, a predat ca profesor la Arad, iar din 1831 până când s-a stins din viață a fost director de școală.

Iancu Văcărescu

Iancu Văcărescu 2 Iancu Văcărescu (1786–1863) was a Romanian Wallachian boyar and poet, member of the Văcărescu family.

Augustin Bunea

Augustin Bunea 2 Augustin Bunea was an Austro-Hungarian ethnic Romanian historian and priest within the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church.

Ștefan Furtună

Ștefan Furtună 2 Ștefan Furtună a fost un soldat român în Războiul de Independență al României (1877-1878), decorat pentru bravură. A participat la Răscoala Țărănească din 1907. Este unul dintre țăranii împușcați de armată în represiunea răscoalei.

Aristide Demetriade

Aristide Demetriade 2 Aristide Demetriade a fost un actor român, elev al lui Ștefan Vellescu, precum și regizor de film. A jucat la Teatrul Național din București. Tragedian cu bogate resurse, Demetriade a interpretat cu patos romantic și cu un deosebit simț al nuanțelor, obținând întruchiparea diferențiată a fiecărui personaj, rolurile principale din piesele „Răzvan și Vidra” de Bogdan Petriceicu Hașdeu, „Despot Vodă” de Vasile Alecsandri, „Trandafirii roșii” de Zaharia Bârsan, „Hamlet” și „Iuliu Cezar” de William Shakespeare, „Ruy Blas” de Victor Hugo etc.

Ștefan Cicio Pop

Ștefan Cicio Pop 2 Ștefan Cicio Pop was a Romanian politician.                                                         

Constantin Brăiloiu

Constantin Brăiloiu 2 Constantin Brăiloiu was a Romanian composer and internationally known ethnomusicologist.           

Henri Barbusse

Henri Barbusse 2 Henri Barbusse was a French novelist, short story writer, journalist, poet and political activist. He began his literary career in the 1890s as a Symbolist poet and continued as a neo-Naturalist novelist; in 1916, he published Under Fire, a novel about World War I based on his experience which is described as one of the earliest works of the Lost Generation movement or as the work which started it; the novel had a major impact on the later writers of the movement, namely on Ernest Hemingway and Erich Maria Remarque. Barbusse is considered as one of the important French writers of 1910–1939 who mingled the war memories with moral and political meditations.

Nicolae Drăganu

Nicolae Drăganu 2 Nicolae Drăganu was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian linguist, philologist, and literary historian.


Hector 2 In Greek mythology, Hector is a Trojan prince, and one of four sons to the King of Troy, he was a hero and the greatest warrior for Troy during the Trojan War. He is a major character in Homer's Iliad, where he leads the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, killing countless Greek warriors and the occasional Hero. However he is ultimately killed in single combat by the Greek Hero Achilles, who later drags his dead body around the city of Troy behind his chariot.

Constantine the Great

Constantine the Great 2 Constantine I, also known as Constantine the Great, was a Roman emperor from AD 306 to 337 and the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. He played a pivotal role in elevating the status of Christianity in Rome, decriminalizing Christian practice and ceasing Christian persecution in a period referred to as the Constantinian shift. This initiated the cessation of the established ancient Roman religion. Constantine is also the originator of the religiopolitical ideology known as Constantinism, which epitomizes the unity of church and state, as opposed to separation of church and state. He founded the city of Constantinople and made it the capital of the Empire, which remained so for over a millenium.

George Ranetti

George Ranetti 2 George or Gheorghe Ranetti, born George Ranete, was a Romanian poet, journalist and playwright, known as the founder and editor of Furnica magazine. A professional journalist from the late 1890s, he alternated between political dailies and literary reviews, being sympathetic to Romanian nationalism and traditionalism, and working under Ion Luca Caragiale at Moftul Român. By 1904–1906, he was active on the margin of left-wing traditionalism, or Poporanism, showing himself sympathetic to republican or generically anti-elitist ideologies. Such views and influences seeped into his activity at Furnica, which was for decades a prominent institution in Romanian humor.

Ioan Mureșan

Ioan Mureșan 2 Ioan Mureșan a fost un chirurg român, profesor universitar și șef al catedrei de chirurgie din cadrul Universității de Medicină Victor Babeș din Timișoara.

Dimitrie Gusti

Dimitrie Gusti 2 Dimitrie Gusti was a Romanian sociologist, ethnologist, historian, and voluntarist philosopher; a professor at the University of Iași and the University of Bucharest, he served as Romania's Minister of Education in 1932–1933. Gusti was elected a member of the Romanian Academy in 1919, and was its president between 1944 and 1946. He was the main contributor to the creation of a new Romanian school of sociology.


Cupid 2 In classical mythology, Cupid is the god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection. He is often portrayed as the son of the love goddess Venus and the god of war Mars. He is also known as Amor. His Greek counterpart is Eros. Although Eros is generally portrayed as a slender winged youth in Classical Greek art, during the Hellenistic period, he was increasingly portrayed as a chubby boy. During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that represent his source of power: a person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid's arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire. In myths, Cupid is a minor character who serves mostly to set the plot in motion. He is a main character only in the tale of Cupid and Psyche, when wounded by his own weapons, he experiences the ordeal of love. Although other extended stories are not told about him, his tradition is rich in poetic themes and visual scenarios, such as "Love conquers all" and the retaliatory punishment or torture of Cupid.

Nicolae Coculescu

Nicolae Coculescu 2 Nicolae C. Coculescu a fost un astronom român. A fost profesor de astronomie la Universitatea din București. În 1908 a înființat Observatorul Astronomic din București. Este cunoscut pentru studiile sale de mecanică cerească asupra calculului perturbațiilor planetare.

Sava Henția

Sava Henția 2 Sava Henția was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian painter, decorator and illustrator.             

Ion Brezeanu

Ion Brezeanu 2 Ion or Iancu Brezeanu was a Romanian stage actor.                                                   

Victor Brauner

Victor Brauner 2 Victor Brauner was a Romanian painter and sculptor of the surrealist movement.                     

Zilot Românul

Zilot Românul 2 Zilot Românul a fost un istoric, jurist, poet și cronicar român. A scris istorii în versuri și în proză ale Țării Românești din timpul lui Constantin Hangerli (1796) până la Răscoala lui Tudor din 1821. Prima parte, intitulată „Domnia lui Constandin Vodă Hangerliul” a terminat-o în 1800, la o „copilărească vârstă”. Alte lucrări mai de seamă ale sale au fost o cronică în versuri despre „Anul 1848” și un poem alegoric numit „Dăslușire”.


Cicero 2 Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, philosopher, writer and Academic skeptic, who tried to uphold optimate principles during the political crises that led to the establishment of the Roman Empire. His extensive writings include treatises on rhetoric, philosophy and politics. He is considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists and the innovator of what became known as "Ciceronian rhetoric". Cicero was educated in Rome and in Greece. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and served as consul in 63 BC.

Stephen I of Hungary

Stephen I of Hungary 2 Stephen I, also known as King Saint Stephen, was the last Grand Prince of the Hungarians between 997 and 1000 or 1001, and the first King of Hungary from 1000 or 1001, until his death in 1038. The year of his birth is uncertain, but many details of his life suggest that he was born in, or after, 975, in Esztergom. He was given the pagan name Vajk at birth, but the date of his baptism is unknown. He was the only son of Grand Prince Géza and his wife, Sarolt, who was descended from a prominent family of gyulas. Although both of his parents were baptized, Stephen was the first member of his family to become a devout Christian. He married Gisela of Bavaria, a scion of the imperial Ottonian dynasty.

Doina Cornea

Doina Cornea 2 Doina Cornea was a Romanian human rights activist and French language professor. She was a dissident during the communist rule of Nicolae Ceaușescu.

Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí 2 Antoni Gaudí i Cornet was a Catalan architect and designer from Spain, known as the greatest exponent of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí's works have a highly individualized, sui generis style. Most are located in Barcelona, including his main work, the church of the Sagrada Família.

Simion Balint

Simion Balint 2 Simion Balint a fost unul dintre revoluționarii români care a luptat alături de Avram Iancu, în calitate de prefect al Legiunii Arieșului. A fost descendent al unei familii nobiliare de preoți din Vima Mică.

George Stephenson

George Stephenson 2 George Stephenson was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer during the Industrial Revolution. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", Stephenson was considered by the Victorians as a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement. His chosen rail gauge, sometimes called "Stephenson gauge", was the basis for the 4-foot-8+1⁄2-inch (1.435 m) standard gauge used by most of the world's railways.


Archimedes 2 Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor from the ancient city of Syracuse in Sicily. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Considered the greatest mathematician of ancient history, and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying the concept of the infinitely small and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems. These include the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, the area of an ellipse, the area under a parabola, the volume of a segment of a paraboloid of revolution, the volume of a segment of a hyperboloid of revolution, and the area of a spiral.

Anatole France

Anatole France 2 Anatole France was a French poet, journalist, and novelist with several best-sellers. Ironic and skeptical, he was considered in his day the ideal French man of letters. He was a member of the Académie Française, and won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament".

Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus 2 Lucius Septimius Severus was a Roman politician who served as emperor from 193 to 211. He was born in Leptis Magna in the Roman province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the customary succession of offices under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus was the final contender to seize power after the death of the emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors.

Jean Bart

Jean Bart 2 Jean Bart was a Flemish naval commander and privateer.                                             

Aaron the Tyrant

Aaron the Tyrant 2 Aaron the Tyrant or Aron Vodă, sometimes credited as Aron Emanoil or Emanuel Aaron, was twice the Prince of Moldavia: between September 1591 and June 1592, and October 1592 to May 3 or 4, 1595. He was of mysterious origin, and possibly of Jewish extraction, but presented himself as the son of Alexandru Lăpușneanu, and was recognized as such in some circles. His appointment by the Ottoman Empire followed an informal race, during which candidates engaging in particularly exorbitant bribery and accepted unprecedented increases of the haraç. Though resented by the Janissaries, he was backed by a powerful lobby, comprising Solomon Ashkenazi, Edward Barton, Hoca Sadeddin Efendi, and Patriarch Jeremias II. Victorious but heavily indebted, Aaron allowed his creditors to interfere directly in fiscal policy, while adopting methods of extortion against the taxpaying peasantry. He eventually turned against the bankers, staging the execution of Bartolomeo Brutti.

Eugène Ionesco

Eugène Ionesco 2 Eugène Ionesco was a Romanian-French playwright who wrote mostly in French, and was one of the foremost figures of the French avant-garde theatre in the 20th century. Ionesco instigated a revolution in ideas and techniques of drama, beginning with his "anti play", The Bald Soprano which contributed to the beginnings of what is known as the Theatre of the Absurd, which includes a number of plays that, following the ideas of the philosopher Albert Camus, explore concepts of absurdism and surrealism. He was made a member of the Académie française in 1970, and was awarded the 1970 Austrian State Prize for European Literature, and the 1973 Jerusalem Prize.

Ioan Popovici-Bănățeanul

Ioan Popovici-Bănățeanul 2 Ioan Popovici-Bănățeanul was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian prose writer and poet.               

Dimitrie Paciurea

Dimitrie Paciurea 2 Dimitrie Paciurea was a Romanian sculptor. His representational and symbolic style contrasts strongly to the more abstract style of his contemporary and co-national Constantin Brâncuși.

Nicolae Jiga

Nicolae Jiga 2 Nicolae Jiga bol rumunský obchodník a filantrop. Zaslúžil sa najmä založením nadácie Zsigiană, ktorá finančne podporovala štúdium chudobných rumunských študentov.

Theodorus of Tabennese

Theodorus of Tabennese 2 Theodorus of Tabennese, also known as Abba Theodorus and Theodore the Sanctified was the spiritual successor to Pachomius and played a crucial role in preventing the first Christian cenobitic monastic federation from collapsing after the death of its founder.

Ionel Fernic

Ionel Fernic 2 Ionel Fernic was a Romanian composer, aviator, writer, and one of the first Romanian parachutists. 

Bogdan Amaru

Bogdan Amaru 2 Bogdan Amaru este pseudonimul literar al scriitorului român Alexandru Pârâianu.                     

Ion Vasilescu Sr.

Ion Vasilescu Sr. 2 Ion Vasilescu Sr. a fost un inginer, aviator militar, inventator, om de afaceri și colecționar de artă român, naturalizat în Ungaria. Este cunoscut pe plan internațional ca mecena al artelor plastice din Ungaria și posesorul celei mai vaste colecții private de artă maghiară modernă.

Ștefan Augustin Doinaș

Ștefan Augustin Doinaș 2 Ștefan Augustin Doinaș was a Romanian Neoclassical poet of the Communist era. He wrote 23 books of poetry, as well as children's books, essay collections, and a novel.

Ioan S. Nenițescu

Ioan S. Nenițescu 2 Ioan S. Nenițescu was a Romanian poet and playwright.                                               

Pompiliu Eliade

Pompiliu Eliade 2 Pompiliu Eliade was a Romanian literary critic and historian.                                       


Pompey 2 Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a general and statesman of the Roman Republic. He played a significant role in the transformation of Rome from republic to empire. Early in his career, he was a partisan and protégé of the Roman general and dictator Sulla; later, he became the political ally, and finally the enemy, of Julius Caesar.


Voltaire 2 François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume M. de Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, philosopher (philosophe), satirist, and historian. Famous for his wit and his criticism of Christianity and of slavery, Voltaire was an advocate of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and separation of church and state.

Nicolae Istrati

Nicolae Istrati 2 Nicolae Istrati a fost un scriitor și om politic moldovean, care a îndeplinit funcția de ministru în Moldova în timpul caimăcămiei lui Nicolae Vogoride. A fost principalul ideolog al separatiștilor din Principatul Moldova.

Roman I of Moldavia

Roman I of Moldavia 2 Roman I was Voivode of Moldavia from December 1391 to March 1394. He was the second son of Costea and Margareta Muşata the daughter of the first ruler of Moldavia, Bogdan I and the founder Muşatin family.

Visarion Roman

Visarion Roman 2 Visarion Roman a fost un publicist, om politic, membru corespondent al Academiei Române. Este fondatorul Băncii Albina din Sibiu, pe care a condus-o până în 1884.

Constantin Cristescu

Constantin Cristescu 2 Constantin Cristescu was a Romanian lieutenant general during World War I, and Chief of Staff of the Romanian Army.

Alexandru Ivasiuc

Alexandru Ivasiuc 2 Alexandru "Sașa" Ivasiuc was a Romanian novelist.                                                   

Gheorghe Ștefan

Gheorghe Ștefan 2 Gheorghe Ștefan was Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia between 13 April and 8 May 1653, and again from 16 July 1653 to 13 March 1658; he was the son of boyar Dumitrașcu Ceaur; Gheorghe Ștefan was Chancellor (logofăt) during the reign of Vasile Lupu. His original name was István Görgicze and is mentioned by this name in many sources. However, due to the difficulty of pronouncing his surname and for certain sources to simplify it, they renamed him Georghe Stephan, referring to the origin of his ancestors from medieval Georgia or Colchis. Nevertheless, all name variations he is mentioned by mean son of George, representing a historical connection to old Caucasian roots. See sources below.

Elena Farago

Elena Farago 2 Elena Farago was a Romanian poet and children's author. She also translated works by Ibsen, Nietzsche, Maeterlinck and numerous others into Romanian.

George Ghica

George Ghica 2 George Ghica founder of the Ghica family, was Prince of Moldavia in 1658–1659 and Prince of Wallachia in 1659–1660.

Pamfil Șeicaru

Pamfil Șeicaru 2 Pamfil Șeicaru a fost un ziarist român, director al ziarului „Curentul”, cotidian românesc combativ în perioada dintre cele două războaie mondiale. Este considerat a fi cel mai mare gazetar dintre cele două războaie mondiale.


Herodotus 2 Herodotus was a Greek historian and geographer from the Greek city of Halicarnassus, part of the Persian Empire and a later citizen of Thurii in modern Calabria, Italy. He is known for having written the Histories – a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. Herodotus was the first writer to perform systematic investigation of historical events. He has been described as "The Father of History", a title conferred on him by the ancient Roman orator Cicero.

Sorin Titel

Sorin Titel 2 Sorin Titel a fost un eseist, romancier și scriitor român contemporan.                             

Leonard Mociulschi

Leonard Mociulschi 2 Leonard Mociulschi was a Romanian Major General of Polish origin during World War II.               

Iacob Zadik

Iacob Zadik 2 Iacob Zadik was a Romanian artillery and infantry commander, who rose to the rank of divisional general. An assimilated ethnic Armenian, he prepared for a career in the Romanian Land Forces beginning at age nine. This led him to complete military training at several schools, including the Higher War School, where he graduated in 1898. Involved in repressing the 1907 Peasants' Revolt, he fist saw field action during the Second Balkan War (1913). He spent the early years of World War I in France, appointed to the staff of Joseph Joffre, but returned in time to participate in the Romanian offensive of 1916. As one of the leaders of the First Army, Zadik then took part in the defense of Moldavia, specifically the battles of Mărășești and First Oituz. During the armistice period of early 1918, he took leadership of the 8th Infantry Division in Botoșani.

Constantin Silvestri

Constantin Silvestri 2 Constantin-Nicolae Silvestri was a Romanian conductor and composer.                                 

Anișoara Odeanu

Anișoara Odeanu 2 Anișoara Odeanu a fost o poetă, prozatoare și jurnalistă română.                                   

V. A. Urechia

V. A. Urechia 2 V. A. Urechia was a Moldavian, later Romanian historian, Romantic author of historical fiction and plays, academic and politician. The author of Romanian history syntheses, a noted bibliographer, heraldist, ethnographer and folklorist, he founded and managed a private school, later holding teaching positions at the University of Iași and University of Bucharest. Urechia was also one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy and, as frequent traveler to Spain and fluent speaker of Spanish, a corresponding member of the Royal Spanish Academy. He was the father of satirist Alceu Urechia.

Ștefan Petică

Ștefan Petică 2 Ștefan Petică was a Romanian Symbolist poet, prose writer, playwright, journalist, and socialist activist. Born in the countryside of Tecuci, he displayed a voracious appetite for literature and philosophy since his early years. After high school, he made his way to the national capital Bucharest, where university studies soon gave way to low-paid newspaper work. Petică published one volume of poetry before his premature death, and left his mark as one of the first exponents of the domestic Symbolist movement.

Silviu Dragomir

Silviu Dragomir 2 Silviu Dragomir a fost un academician român, istoric, om politic, membru titular (1928) al Academiei Române.

Mircea Popa (dirijor)

Mircea Popa (dirijor) 2 Mircea Popa a fost un dirijor și compozitor român.                                                 

Gheorghe Gh. Longinescu

Gheorghe Gh. Longinescu 2 Gheorghe Gh. Longinescu a fost un chimist și profesor universitar român, membru de onoare al Academiei Române.

Ioan Roman (preot, n. 1888)

Ioan Roman (preot, n. 1888) 2 Ioan Roman a fost un deputat în Marea Adunare Națională de la Alba Iulia, organismul legislativ reprezentativ al „tuturor românilor din Transilvania, Banat și Țara Ungurească”, cel care a adoptat hotărârea privind Unirea Transilvaniei cu România, la 1 decembrie 1918.

Moise Groza

Moise Groza 2 Moise Groza a fost un general român.                                                               

Grigore Moisil

Grigore Moisil 2 Grigore Constantin Moisil was a Romanian mathematician, computer pioneer, and titular member of the Romanian Academy. His research was mainly in the fields of mathematical logic, algebraic logic, MV-algebra, and differential equations. He is viewed as the father of computer science in Romania.

Pintea the Brave

Pintea the Brave 2 Grigore Pintea, aka Pintea the Brave (Hungarian: Pintye Vitéz; February 25, 1670 in Hollómező, Principality of Transylvania – August 14, 1703 in Nagybánya, Kingdom of Hungary, was a famous heroic haiduc stemming from Măgoaja, Lăpuș Country.

Emil Rebreanu

Emil Rebreanu 2 Emil Rebreanu was an Austro-Hungarian Romanian military officer executed during World War I. The protagonist in Forest of the Hanged, a 1922 novel by his brother Liviu Rebreanu, is influenced by his experience.

Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu

Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu 2 Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu was a Romanian engineer who was one of the first woman to obtain a degree in engineering. She was born in the Romanian town of Galați but qualified in Berlin. During World War I she managed a hospital in Romania.

Gheorghe Ivănescu

Gheorghe Ivănescu 2 Gheorghe Ivănescu a fost un lingvist și filolog, profesor universitar român.                       


Michelangelo 2 Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, known mononymously as Michelangelo, was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance. Born in the Republic of Florence, his work was inspired by models from classical antiquity and had a lasting influence on Western art. Michelangelo's creative abilities and mastery in a range of artistic arenas define him as an archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival and elder contemporary, Leonardo da Vinci. Given the sheer volume of surviving correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences, Michelangelo is one of the best-documented artists of the 16th century. He was lauded by contemporary biographers as the most accomplished artist of his era.


Titian 2 Tiziano Vecelli or Vecellio, Latinized as Titianus, hence known in English as Titian, was an Italian (Venetian) Renaissance painter of Lombard origin, considered the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. He was born in Pieve di Cadore, near Belluno. During his lifetime he was often called da Cadore, 'from Cadore', taken from his native region.

Eugeniu Vârtejanu

Eugeniu Vârtejanu 2 Eugeniu Vârtejanu, cunoscut și ca Eugen Vârtejanu, a fost un general român care a luptat în cel de-al Doilea Război Mondial.

Simion Ștefan

Simion Ștefan 2 Simion Ștefan a fost un cărturar și traducător român, mitropolit al Ardealului.                     

Ioan Buteanu

Ioan Buteanu 2 Ioan Buteanu was a leader of the Transylvanian Romanian Revolutionaries in 1848 and a prefect of Zaránd County between 1848 and 1849.

Constantin Mușat

Constantin Mușat 2 Constantin Mușat a fost un militar român, erou de război din timpul Primului Război Mondial, căzut pe câmpul de luptă în a treia bătălie de la Oituz.

Eudoxiu Hurmuzachi

Eudoxiu Hurmuzachi 2 Eudoxiu Hurmuzachi was a Romanian historian and politician who served as Landeshauptmann of the Duchy of Bucovina.

Aurel Vlad

Aurel Vlad 2 Aurel A. Vlad a fost avocat, doctor în drept, promotor al Unirii din 1918, membru în Consiliul Dirigent, membru al Partidului Național Român și apoi fondator și fruntaș al P.N.Ț., a fost ministru de finanțe al României în anii 1919-1920, ulterior ministru al Cultelor și Artelor în guvernul Maniu.


Menumorut 2 Menumorut or Menumorout was the ruler of the lands between the rivers Mureș, Someș and Tisza at the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 900, according to the Gesta Hungarorum, a Hungarian chronicle written after 1150 by an unidentified author, referred to as Anonymus. Historians debate whether Menumorut was an actual ruler or a fictional character created by the author, since the Gesta tells of multiple figures, including Menumorut, who are not identified in any other primary sources, and does not name any of the enemies of the invading Hungarians written of in other contemporary accounts of the invasion. According to Anonymus, Menumorut's duchy was populated primarily with Khazars and Székelys, and he acknowledged the suzerainty of the (unnamed) ruling Byzantine Emperor at the time.

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar 2 Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general and statesman. A member of the First Triumvirate, Caesar led the Roman armies in the Gallic Wars before defeating his political rival Pompey in a civil war, and subsequently became dictator from 49 BC until his assassination in 44 BC. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

Ion Barbu

Ion Barbu 2 Ion Barbu was a Romanian mathematician and poet. His name is associated with the Mathematics Subject Classification number 51C05, which is a major posthumous recognition reserved only to pioneers of investigations in an area of mathematical inquiry. As a poet, he is known for his volume Joc secund, in which he sought to fulfill his vision of a poetry which adhered to the same virtues that he found in mathematics.

Duiliu Marcu

Duiliu Marcu 2 Duiliu Marcu was a Romanian architect, one of the most well known and prolific of the interwar period. With a career spanning from 1912 to 1966, he is said to have designed 150 public and private projects across Romania, his work reflecting the evolution of local architecture in the first half of the 20th century from French Renaissance, though Neo-Romanian to modernism. Though also designing private villas and apartments, he designed some of the major interwar public buildings in the country, including the Timișoara Theatre, the Elisabeth Palace in Bucharest for the royal family, and the Victory Palace, which now houses the office of the Prime Minister.

Constantin Iotzu

Constantin Iotzu 2 Constantin Iotzu a fost un arhitect român de origine aromână. Este unul din reprezentanți semnificativi ai stilului arhitectural al neoromânescului.

Nicolae Bănescu

Nicolae Bănescu 2 Nicolae P. Bănescu was a Romanian historian, elected a titular member of the Romanian Academy in 1936.

Jules Verne

Jules Verne 2 Jules Gabriel Verne was a French novelist, poet, and playwright. His collaboration with the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel led to the creation of the Voyages extraordinaires, a series of bestselling adventure novels including Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864), Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas (1870), and Around the World in Eighty Days (1872). His novels, always well documented, are generally set in the second half of the 19th century, taking into account the technological advances of the time.

Caius Iacob

Caius Iacob 2 Caius Iacob was a Romanian mathematician, professor at the University of Bucharest, and titular member of the Romanian Academy. After the fall of communism in 1989, he was elected to the Senate of Romania.

Tristan Tzara

Tristan Tzara 2 Tristan Tzara was a Romanian avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. Also active as a journalist, playwright, literary and art critic, composer and film director, he was known best for being one of the founders and central figures of the anti-establishment Dada movement. Under the influence of Adrian Maniu, the adolescent Tzara became interested in Symbolism and co-founded the magazine Simbolul with Ion Vinea and painter Marcel Janco.

Paul Constantinescu

Paul Constantinescu 2 Paul Constantinescu was a Romanian composer. Two of his main influences are Romanian folk music and Byzantine chant, both of which he used in his teaching. One of his students was composer Margareta Xenopol.

Ion Românu

Ion Românu 2 Ion Românu a fost un muzician, interpret (vioară) și dirijor, director al Filarmonicii „Banatul” din Timișoara în perioada 1957–1979.

Ioan Ciordaș

Ioan Ciordaș 2 Ioan Ciordaș was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian lawyer and activist.                             

Partenie Cosma (om politic)

Partenie Cosma (om politic) 2 Partenie Cosma a fost un om politic român, deputat în Dieta de la Budapesta, senator și director al Băncii „Albina” din Sibiu.

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare 2 William Shakespeare was an English playwright, poet, and actor. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, three long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare remains one of the most influential writers in the English language, and his works continue to be studied and reinterpreted.

Radu Tudoran

Radu Tudoran 2 Radu Tudoran was a popular Romanian novelist.                                                       

Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal 2 Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, philosopher, and Catholic writer.   

Pius Brânzeu

Pius Brânzeu 2 Pius Brânzeu a fost un medic român, membru corespondent al Academiei Române din 1974 și membru titular activ din 22 ianuarie 1990.

Alma Cornea-Ionescu

Alma Cornea-Ionescu 2 Alma Cornea-Ionescu a fost o compozitoare, pianistă, profesoară și critic muzical din România.     

Károly Brocky

Károly Brocky 2 Károly Brocky, or Charles Brocky was a Hungarian painter.                                           

Vasile Nicolescu

Vasile Nicolescu 2 Vasile Nicolescu a fost un poet, eseist și traducător român.                                       
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