Famous people on Vietnam's street names


Trần Hưng Đạo

Trần Hưng Đạo 31 Trần Hưng Đạo, real name Trần Quốc Tuấn (陳國峻), also known as Grand Prince Hưng Đạo, was a Vietnamese royal prince, statesman and military commander of Đại Việt military forces during the Trần dynasty. After his death, he was considered a saint and deified by the people and named Đức Thánh Trần (德聖陳) or Cửu Thiên Vũ Đế (九天武帝). Hưng Đạo commanded the Vietnamese armies that repelled two out of three major Mongol invasions in the late 13th century. His multiple victories over the Yuan dynasty under Kublai Khan are considered among the greatest military feats in Vietnamese history.

Hùng king

Hùng king 31 Hùng king is the title given to the ancient Vietnamese rulers of the Hồng Bàng period.             

Quang Trung

Quang Trung 29 Emperor Quang Trung or Nguyễn Huệ, also known as Nguyễn Quang Bình, was the second emperor of the Tây Sơn dynasty, reigning from 1788 until 1792. He was also one of the most successful military commanders in Vietnam's history. Nguyễn Huệ and his brothers, Nguyễn Nhạc and Nguyễn Lữ, together known as the Tây Sơn brothers, were the leaders of the Tây Sơn rebellion. As rebels, they conquered Vietnam, overthrowing the imperial Later Lê dynasty and the two rival feudal houses of the Nguyễn in the south and the Trịnh in the north.

Trần Phú

Trần Phú 23 Trần Phú was a Vietnamese revolutionary and the first general secretary of the Indochinese Communist Party, later renamed the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Lê Lợi

Lê Lợi 21 Lê Lợi, also known by his temple name as Lê Thái Tổ (黎太祖) and by his pre-imperial title Bình Định vương, was a Vietnamese rebel leader who founded the Later Lê dynasty and became the first king of the restored kingdom of Đại Việt after the country was conquered by the Ming dynasty. In 1418, Lê Lợi and his followers rose up against Ming rule. He was known for his effective guerrilla tactics, including constantly moving his camps and using small bands of irregulars to ambush the larger Ming forces. Nine years later, his resistance movement successfully drove the Ming armies out of Vietnam and restored Vietnamese independence. Lê Lợi is among the most famous figures of Vietnamese history and one of its greatest heroes.

Lê Duẩn

Lê Duẩn 20 Lê Duẩn was a Vietnamese communist politician. He rose in the party hierarchy in the late 1950s and became General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (VCP) at the 3rd National Congress in 1960. He continued Hồ Chí Minh's policy of ruling through collective leadership. From the mid-1960s until his own death in 1986, he was the top decision-maker in Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh 19 Hồ Chí Minh, colloquially known as Uncle Ho or just Uncle (Bác), and by other aliases and sobriquets, was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary, nationalist, and politician. He served as prime minister of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945 to 1955 and as president from 1945 until his death in 1969. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist, he was the Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam, the predecessor of the current Communist Party of Vietnam.

Trưng sisters

Trưng sisters 18 The Trưng sisters were Luoyue military leaders who ruled for three years after commanding a rebellion of Luoyue tribes and other tribes in AD 40 against the first Chinese domination of Vietnam. They are regarded as national heroines of Vietnam. Their names were Trưng Trắc and Trưng Nhị. Trưng Trắc was the first female monarch in Vietnam, as well as the first queen in the history of Vietnam, and she was accorded the title Queen Trưng in the Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư.

Nguyễn Trãi

Nguyễn Trãi 17 Nguyễn Trãi (阮廌), pen name Ức Trai (抑齋); (1380–1442) was an illustrious Vietnamese Confucian scholar, a noted poet, a skilled politician and a master strategist. He was at times attributed with being capable of almost miraculous or mythical deeds in his designated capacity as a principal advisor of Lê Lợi, who fought against the Ming dynasty. He is credited with writing the important political statements of Lê Lợi and inspiring the Vietnamese populace to support open rebellion against the Ming dynasty rulers. He is also the author of "Great Proclamation upon the Pacification of the Wu".

Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai

Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai 17 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai was a Vietnamese revolutionary and a leader of the Indochinese Communist Party during the 1930s.

Phạm Văn Đồng

Phạm Văn Đồng 17 Phạm Văn Đồng was a Vietnamese politician who served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1955 to 1976. He later served as Prime Minister of Vietnam, following reunification of North and South Vietnam, from 1976 until he retired in 1987 under the presidency of Lê Duẩn and Nguyễn Văn Linh. He was considered one of Hồ Chí Minh's closest lieutenants.

Nguyễn Đình Chiểu

Nguyễn Đình Chiểu 16 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu was a Vietnamese poet who was known for his nationalist and anti-colonial writings against the French colonization of Cochinchina, the European name for the southern part of Vietnam.

Lý Thường Kiệt

Lý Thường Kiệt 16 Lý Thường Kiệt, real name Ngô Tuấn, was a Vietnamese general and admiral of the Lý dynasty. He served as an official through the reign of Lý Thái Tông, Lý Thánh Tông and Lý Nhân Tông and was a general during the Song–Lý War.

Phan Đình Phùng

Phan Đình Phùng 16 Phan Đình Phùng was a Vietnamese revolutionary who led rebel armies against French colonial forces in Vietnam. He was the most prominent of the Confucian court scholars involved in anti-French military campaigns in the 19th century and was cited after his death by 20th-century nationalists as a national hero. He was renowned for his uncompromising will and principles—on one occasion, he refused to surrender even after the French had desecrated his ancestral tombs and had arrested and threatened to kill his family.

Lê Hồng Phong

Lê Hồng Phong 15 Lê Hồng Phong was the second leader of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV); he led the party through the office of General Secretary of the Overseas Executive Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam. The Overseas Executive Committee was the only body of the CPV left intact after increased repression by the French authorities in Indochina. His wife, Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, also played an important role in the Party in its early stages.

Nguyễn Thái Học

Nguyễn Thái Học 14 Nguyễn Thái Học was a Vietnamese revolutionary and independent activist who was the founding leader of the Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng, namely the Vietnamese Nationalist Party. He was captured and executed by the French colonial authorities after the failure of the Yên Bái mutiny.

Nguyễn Công Trứ

Nguyễn Công Trứ 14 Nguyễn Công Trứ (阮公著) also Hi Văn was a Vietnamese poet and scholar.                               

Nguyễn Văn Cừ (revolutionary)

Nguyễn Văn Cừ (revolutionary) 13 Nguyễn Văn Cừ was a Vietnamese revolutionary, a descendant of Nguyễn Trãi. He served as the fourth General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) 30 March 1938 – 9 November 1940.

Võ Thị Sáu

Võ Thị Sáu 12 Võ Thị Sáu was a Vietnamese schoolgirl who fought as a guerilla against the French occupiers of Vietnam, then part of French Indochina. She was captured, tried, convicted, and executed by the French colonialists in 1952, becoming the first woman to be executed at Côn Sơn Prison. Today she is considered a Vietnamese national martyr and heroine.

Nguyễn Chí Thanh

Nguyễn Chí Thanh 12 Nguyễn Chí Thanh was a General in the North Vietnamese Vietnam People's Army and former North Vietnamese politician. Nguyễn Chí Thanh was born in Thừa Thiên Province in Central Vietnam to a peasant family. His original name was Nguyễn Văn Vịnh. He joined the Indochinese Communist Party in the mid-1930s and apparently spent most of the Second World War in a French prison. He worked for the Party in Central Vietnam until his rise to the Politburo in 1951. During the First Indochina War Thanh was made a general of the People's Army of Vietnam. From 1965 until his death, he served as the leading strategist and military commander of COSVN, the southern headquarters of communist military and political operations within the Republic of Vietnam. In 1967, he presented plans for what was to become the Tet Offensive to the Politburo, but died shortly after receiving permission to implement his plan.

Nguyễn Du

Nguyễn Du 12 Nguyễn Du, courtesy name Tố Như and art name Thanh Hiên, is a celebrated Vietnamese poet and musician. He is most known for writing the epic poem The Tale of Kiều.

Hoàng Văn Thụ

Hoàng Văn Thụ 11 Hoàng Văn Thụ là nhà lãnh đạo cao cấp của Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Đông Dương, người có đóng góp lớn vào phong trào cộng sản Việt Nam và là nhà thơ cách mạng Việt Nam trước Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945.

Ngô Quyền

Ngô Quyền 10 Ngô Quyền, often referred to as Tiền Ngô Vương, was a warlord who later became the founding king of the Ngô dynasty of Vietnam. He reigned from 939 to 944. In 938, he defeated the Southern Han dynasty at the Battle of Bạch Đằng River north of modern Haiphong. The battle is celebrated in Vietnamese national history as it ended 1,000 years of Chinese rule over Vietnam dating back to 111 BC under the Western Han dynasty. A central district in modern Haiphong is named after him.

Lê Thánh Tông

Lê Thánh Tông 10 Lê Thánh Tông, personal name Lê Hạo, temple name Thánh Tông, courtesy name Tư Thành, was an emperor of Đại Việt, reigning from 1460 to 1497, the fifth and the longest-reigning emperor of the Later Lê dynasty, and is widely praised as one of the greatest emperors in Vietnamese history. He came to power through a coup d'état against his second brother Lê Nghi Dân in 1460.

Trương Định

Trương Định 10 Trương Định, sometimes known as Trương Công Định, was a mandarin (scholar-official) in the Nguyễn dynasty of Vietnam under Emperor Tự Đức. He is best known for leading a guerrilla army in southern Vietnam against French forces in defiance of the emperor. He refused to recognise the 1862 Treaty of Saigon that ceded Vietnamese territory to France.

Tôn Đức Thắng

Tôn Đức Thắng 10 Tôn Đức Thắng was the second president of Vietnam under the leadership of General Secretary Lê Duẩn. The position of president is ceremonial and Tôn was never a major policymaker or even a member of the Politburo, Vietnam's ruling council. He served as president, initially of North Vietnam from September 2, 1969, and later of a united Vietnam, until his death in 1980.

Võ Nguyên Giáp

Võ Nguyên Giáp 10 Võ Nguyên Giáp was a general of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), communist revolutionary and politician. Regarded as one of the greatest military strategists of the 20th century, Giáp led Vietnamese forces to victories in successive wars against Japan, France, and the United States. He served as military commander of the Việt Minh and later the PAVN from 1941 to 1972, as minister of defence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and later the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1946–1947 and from 1948 to 1980, and as deputy prime minister from 1955 to 1991. He was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Chu Văn An

Chu Văn An 10 Chu Văn An was a Confucian, teacher, physician, and high-ranking mandarin of the Trần dynasty in Đại Việt. His courtesy name was Linh Triệt (靈徹), while his art name was Tiều Ẩn (樵隱). He was later given the posthumous name Văn Trinh.

Trần Quang Khải

Trần Quang Khải 9 Prince Chiêu Minh Trần Quang Khải (1241–1294) was the third son of Trần Thái Tông, first emperor of the Trần dynasty of Vietnam. Being the younger brother of the Emperor Trần Thánh Tông and holding the position of grand chancellor of the Trần dynasty for many years, Trần Quang Khải was one of the most important figures of the Trần family and the royal court during the reigns of emperors Thánh Tông and Nhân Tông. In the second war of resistance against the Mongol invasion, Trần Quang Khải and Trần Hưng Đạo were two key commanders of the Đại Việt army who helped the Emperor defeat the troops of Kublai Khan's son prince Toghan. Besides his military and administrative activities, Prince Chiêu Minh was also a famous poet and was credited as the creator of the dance of flowers. Today, Trần Quang Khải is still considered one of the most famous historical figures of the Trần dynasty and is worshiped in several temples in Vietnam.

Phan Bội Châu

Phan Bội Châu 9 Phan Bội Châu, born Phan Văn San, courtesy name Hải Thụ, was a pioneer of Vietnamese 20th century nationalism. In 1904, he formed a revolutionary organization called Duy Tân Hội. From 1905 to 1908, he lived in Japan where he wrote political tracts calling for the independence of Vietnam from French colonial rule. After being forced to leave Japan, he moved to China where he was influenced by Sun Yat-sen. He formed a new group called Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội, modeled after Sun Yat-sen's republican party. In 1925, French agents seized him in Shanghai. He was convicted of treason and spent the rest of his life under house arrest in Huế.

Nguyễn Tri Phương

Nguyễn Tri Phương 9 Nguyễn Tri Phương, born Nguyễn Văn Chương, was a Nguyễn dynasty mandarin and military commander. He commanded armies against the French conquest of Vietnam at the Siege of Tourane, the Siege of Saigon and the Battle of Hanoi (1873).

Nguyễn Lương Bằng

Nguyễn Lương Bằng 9 Nguyễn Lương Bằng was a Vietnamese revolutionary activist and politician. He held the post as Vice President of Vietnam from 1969 to 1979, and General Director of Vietnam National Bank. He was North Vietnam's first ambassador in the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1956 and the Government Inspector General in 1956.

Phan Châu Trinh

Phan Châu Trinh 9 Phan Châu Trinh, courtesy name Tử Cán (梓幹), pen name Tây Hồ (西湖) or Hi Mã (希馬), was an early 20th-century Vietnamese nationalist. He sought to end France's colonial occupation of Vietnam. His method of ending French colonial rule over Vietnam had opposed both violence and turning to other countries for support, and instead believed in attaining Vietnamese liberation by educating the population and by appealing to French democratic principles.

Nguyễn Văn Linh

Nguyễn Văn Linh 9 Nguyễn Văn Linh was a Vietnamese revolutionary and politician. Nguyễn Văn Linh was the general secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1986 to 1991 and a political leader of the Vietcong during the Vietnam War. During his time in office, Linh was a strong advocate of "Đổi Mới" (renovation), an economic plan whose aim is to turn Vietnam economy to a socialist-oriented market economy. As such, Linh was often touted as the "Vietnamese Gorbachev" after the Soviet leader, who introduced Perestroika.

Phạm Ngọc Thạch

Phạm Ngọc Thạch 9 Phạm Ngọc Thạch (1909–1968) là một nhà khoa học y khoa Việt Nam, giáo sư, tiến sĩ khoa học, nguyên Bộ trưởng Bộ Y tế trong Chính phủ Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa. Ông được Nhà nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam truy tặng Giải thưởng Hồ Chí Minh năm 1997 vì các cống hiến trong lĩnh vực khoa học.

An Dương Vương

An Dương Vương 9 An Dương Vương, personal name Thục Phán, was the founding king and the only ruler of the kingdom of Âu Lạc, an ancient state centered in the Red River Delta. As the leader of the Âu Việt tribes, he defeated the last Hùng king of the state of Văn Lang and united its people – known as the Lạc Việt – with his people, the Âu Việt. An Dương Vương fled and committed suicide after the war with Nanyue forces in 179 BCE.

Huỳnh Thúc Kháng

Huỳnh Thúc Kháng 8 Huỳnh Thúc Kháng, courtesy name Giới Sanh, pen name Mính Viên, also known as Cụ Huỳnh, was a Vietnamese anti-colonial activist, statesman and journalist, most notably serving as Acting President of Vietnam and President of the Annamese House of Representatives.

Lý Thái Tổ

Lý Thái Tổ 8 Lý Thái Tổ, personal name Lý Công Uẩn, temple name Thái Tổ, was a founding emperor of Lý dynasty and the 6th ruler of Đại Việt; he reigned from 1009 to 1028.

Hồ Tùng Mậu

Hồ Tùng Mậu 8 Hồ Tùng Mậu was a revolutionary activist and politician in Vietnam. He was a member of both the Communist Party of China and the Communist Party of Vietnam, a member of the Central Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Inspector General of the Government Inspectorate.

Lê Hoàn

Lê Hoàn 8 Lê Hoàn, posthumously title Lê Đại Hành, was the third ruler of Đại Việt kingdom, ruling from 981 to 1005, and founder of the Early Lê dynasty. He first served as the generalissimo commanding a ten-thousand man army of the Đại Việt court under the reign of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh. Following the death of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh in late 979, Lê Hoàn became regent to Đinh Bộ Lĩnh's successor, the six-year-old Đinh Toàn. Lê Hoàn deposed the boy king, married his mother, Queen Dương Vân Nga, and in 980 he became the ruler. He commanded the Việt army, which fended off a northern invasion in 981, then led a seaborne invasion of the southern Champa kingdom in 982.

Lý Tự Trọng

Lý Tự Trọng 8 Lý Tự Trọng was a Vietnamese revolutionary, executed by the French when he was only 17 years old. He is considered to be a revolutionary martyr. In 2010, his remains were identified in District 10, Ho Chi Minh City, and he was reburied in his parents' home town, the Việt Xuyên commune in the district of Thạch Hà.

Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh

Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh 8 Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh, also known as Nguyễn Hữu Kính and his noble rank Lễ Thành Hầu, was a high-ranking general of Lord Nguyễn Phúc Chu. His military expeditions into the Mekong Delta placed the region firmly under Vietnamese administrative control. Considered to be the most famous military general during the time of Vietnam's southward expansion, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh founded the city of Saigon in 1698. His establishment of Saigon and military forts in and around the Mekong Delta served as the foundation for later military expeditions by the Vietnamese imperial court in its quest to expand its southern territory. In Vietnam, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh is widely beloved and revered by the Vietnamese as a national hero with various shrines (miếu) and communal houses (đình) dedicated to him.

Hoàng Hoa Thám

Hoàng Hoa Thám 8 Hoàng Hoa Thám also known as Commander Thám, was a Vietnamese feudal lord of Yên Thế, the leader of the Yên Thế Insurrection that held out against French protectorate in Tonkin for 30 years.

Hoàng Diệu

Hoàng Diệu 8 Hoàng Diệu, born Hoàng Kim Tích (黃金錫), courtesy name Quang Viễn, was a Nguyễn dynasty Governor-general of Hà - Ninh, who suicided after failure in protecting Hà Nội citadel.

Phan Xích Long

Phan Xích Long 7 Phan Xích Long, also known as Hồng Long, born Phan Phát Sanh, was a Vietnamese mystic and geomancer who raised an unsuccessful uprising against French rule in Cochinchina from 1913 to 1916. He attempted to exploit religion as a cover for his own political ambitions, having started his own ostensibly religious organisation. Claiming to be a descendant of Emperor Hàm Nghi, Long staged a ceremony to crown himself as the emperor of Vietnam, before trying to seize power in 1913 by launching an armed uprising against the colonial rule of French Indochina. His supporters launched an attack on Saigon in March 1913, drinking potions that purportedly made them invisible and planting bombs at several locations. The insurrection against the French colonial administration failed when none of the bombs detonated and the supposedly invisible supporters were apprehended.

Lady Triệu

Lady Triệu 7 Lady Triệu or Triệu Ẩu was a female warrior in 3rd century Vietnam who managed, for a time, to resist the rule of the Chinese Eastern Wu dynasty. She is also called Triệu Thị Trinh, although her actual given name is unknown. She is quoted as saying, "I'd like to ride storms, kill orcas in the open sea, drive out the aggressors, reconquer the country, undo the ties of serfdom, and never bend my back to be the concubine of whatever man." The uprising of Lady Triệu is usually depicted in modern Vietnamese National History as one of many chapters constituting a "long national independence struggle to end foreign domination." She is also known as Lệ Hải Bà Vương.

Đinh Bộ Lĩnh

Đinh Bộ Lĩnh 7 Đinh Bộ Lĩnh, real name allegedly Đinh Hoàn, was the founding emperor of the short-lived Đinh dynasty of Vietnam, after declaring its independence from the Chinese Southern Han dynasty. He was a significant figure in the establishment of Vietnamese independence and political unity in the 10th century. He unified Vietnam by defeating twelve rebellious warlords and became the first emperor of Vietnam. Upon his ascension, he renamed the country Đại Cồ Việt. Đinh Bộ Lĩnh was also known as Đinh Tiên Hoàng.

Bùi Thị Xuân

Bùi Thị Xuân 7 Bùi Thị Xuân was a Vietnamese female general during the Tây Sơn era.                               

Nguyễn An Ninh

Nguyễn An Ninh 7 Nguyễn An Ninh was a radical Vietnamese political journalist and publicist in French colonial Cochinchina. An independent and charismatic figure, Nguyen An Ninh was able to conciliate between different anti-colonial factions including, for a period in the 1930s, between the Communist Party of Nguyen Ai Quoc and its left, Trotskyist, opposition. Nguyen An Ninh died in the French penal colony of Pulo Condore, age 42. He is recognised by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam as a Revolutionary Martyr.

Trường Chinh

Trường Chinh 7 Trường Chinh was a Vietnamese communist political leader, revolutionary and theoretician. He was one of the key figures of Vietnamese politics and the important Vietnamese leaders for over 40 years. He played a major role in the anti-French colonialism movement and finally after decades of protracted war in Vietnam, the Vietnamese defeated the colonial power. He was the think-tank of the Communist Party who determined the direction of the communist movement, particularly in the anti-French colonialism movement. After the declaration of independence in September 1945, Trường Chinh played an important role in shaping the politics of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) and creating the socialist structure of the new Vietnam.

Võ Văn Kiệt

Võ Văn Kiệt 7 Võ Văn Kiệt real name is Phan Văn Hòa, was a Vietnamese politician and economic reformer who served as the Prime Minister of Vietnam from 1991 to 1997. A well regarded Vietnamese revolutionary and political leader, Kiệt was a veteran fighter in the long wars against the French colonialists and then the South Vietnamese and American forces during the Vietnam War. In the difficult post-war years, he was one of the most prominent reformist leaders that led the Đổi mới policy in Vietnam since 1986. His premiership (1991–1997) saw the country's return to the world arena after decades of war and isolation. He is considered as the "general engineer" of many bold projects of the Doi Moi period.

Nguyễn Thiện Thuật

Nguyễn Thiện Thuật 7 Nguyễn Thiện Thuật, courtesy name Mạnh Hiếu, was a Vietnamese revolutionary leader, who commanded armed forces during the anti-colonial struggle.

Trần Quốc Toản

Trần Quốc Toản 7 Marquis Hoài Văn, better known as Trần Quốc Toản, born 1267, was a marquis of the Trần Dynasty who was well known for his active role in the second war of resistance of Đại Việt against the Mongol invasion. Although there were only a few historical records about Trần Quốc Toản, he is still widely known as an example of patriotism in Vietnam while he participated and ultimately sacrificed himself for the country at a very young age. Today, story about Trần Quốc Toản is taught in Vietnamese schoolbooks and many places in Vietnam are named in honour of this young hero.

Hồng Hà (nhà báo)

Hồng Hà (nhà báo) 6 Hồng Hà (1928–2011) là một nhà báo và một chính trị gia Việt Nam. Ông từng là Ủy viên Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam khóa V, VI, VII; Bí thư Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam khóa VII; Đại biểu Quốc hội Việt Nam khóa IX; nguyên Tổng Biên tập Báo Nhân dân, Chánh Văn phòng Trung ương Đảng, Trưởng Ban Đối ngoại Trung ương, Trợ lý Tổng Bí thư; nguyên Tổng Thư ký, Ủy viên Thường trực Hội đồng Lý luận Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam; Phó Chủ tịch Hội Nhà báo Việt Nam, Chủ tịch tổ chức Nghị sĩ Việt Nam hữu nghị với các nước, Phó Chủ tịch Ủy ban Hòa bình Việt Nam.

Phạm Ngũ Lão

Phạm Ngũ Lão 6 Phạm Ngũ Lão was a general of the Trần Dynasty during the reigns of three successive emperors Nhân Tông, Anh Tông, and Minh Tông. His talent was noticed by Prince Hưng Đạo Trần Quốc Tuấn who married his adopted daughter to Phạm Ngũ Lão and recommended him for the royal court. Renowned as a prominent general in battlefield, Phạm Ngũ Lão was one of the few commanders of the Vietnamese army during the second and third Mongol invasion who did not come from the Trần clan. After the war of resistance against the Yuan dynasty, Phạm Ngũ Lão continued to participate in numerous military campaigns of the Trần Dynasty in which he often succeeded. Today, Phạm Ngũ Lão is considered as one of the most capable military commanders of the Trần dynasty and within the history of Vietnamese commanders along Trần Hưng Đạo, revered as Đức Thánh Phạm.

Lê Đức Thọ

Lê Đức Thọ 6 Lê Đức Thọ, born Phan Đình Khải in Nam Dinh Province, was a Vietnamese revolutionary general, diplomat, and politician. He was the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, jointly with United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1973, but refused the award.

Nguyễn Hoàng

Nguyễn Hoàng 6 Nguyễn Hoàng was the first of the Nguyễn lords who ruled the southern provinces of Vietnam between 1558 and 1613, from a series of cities: Ai Tu (1558–70), Tra Bat (1570–1600), and Dinh Cat (1600–13).

Ngô Gia Tự

Ngô Gia Tự 6 Ngô Gia Tự là một đảng viên đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam. Ông sinh tại làng Tam Sơn, huyện Tiên Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh. Năm 1927, ông tham gia lớp huấn luyện chính trị do Nguyễn Ái Quốc tổ chức tại Quảng Châu, Trung Quốc, được Kỳ bộ Bắc kỳ Việt Nam Thanh niên Cách mạng Đồng chí Hội chỉ định vào Tỉnh bộ Bắc Ninh để gây dựng cơ sở ở địa phương. Năm 1928, Ngô Gia Tự được đưa về hoạt động tại Kỳ bộ Bắc kỳ. Ngày 1 tháng 5 năm 1929, Đại hội toàn quốc của Việt Nam Thanh niên cách mạng đồng chí hội họp ở Hương Cảng. Đoàn đại biểu miền Bắc mà vai trò kiên quyết Ngô Gia Tự đưa ra đề nghị giải tán Việt Nam Thanh niên cách mạng đồng chí hội, thành lập đảng cộng sản. Sau đó thực hiện chủ trương "vô sản hóa" Ngô Gia Tự đã vào Sài Gòn làm phu đẩy xe than, làm công nhân khuân vác ở các bến tàu. Qua công việc, ông đã giác ngộ được nhiều công nhân lao động về con đường Cách mạng sau đó.

Nguyễn Đức Cảnh

Nguyễn Đức Cảnh 6 Nguyễn Đức Cảnh là một nhà hoạt động cách mạng Việt Nam. Ông là Bí thư đầu tiên của Thành ủy Hải Phòng và là Tổng biên tập đầu tiên của báo Lao động.

Thành Thái

Thành Thái 6 Thành Thái born Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Lân (阮福寶嶙), was the son of Emperor Dục Đức and Empress Dowager Từ Minh. He reigned as emperor for 18 years, from 1889 to 1907. Thành Thái was one of the three "patriotic emperors" in Vietnamese history, along with Hàm Nghi and Duy Tân, for their actions and views against French colonial rule in Vietnam.

Nguyễn Trường Tộ

Nguyễn Trường Tộ 6 Nguyễn Trường Tộ was a Roman Catholic scholar and reformer during the reign of Tự Đức of the Nguyễn dynasty, the last sovereign Emperor of Vietnam under which the French colonial forces colonized the country. Nguyễn Trường Tộ was best known for his advocacy of his modernisation of Vietnam, criticising the rigid Confucianism of the Huế court.

Trần Quang Diệu

Trần Quang Diệu 6 Trần Quang Diệu, also called Nguyễn Quang Diệu, was a general of Tây Sơn dynasty, Vietnam.         

Thái Phiên

Thái Phiên 6 Thái Phiên (1882–1916), was a Vietnamese scholar and revolutionary from Quảng Nam Province, also known by the alias Nam Xương. He was an associate of Phan Bội Châu, and was involved in both the Vietnam Restoration League and the Đông Du movement. In his autobiography, Phan Bội Châu lauded Phien's services and devotion to the cause of Vietnamese independence, describing him as a man who "worked ardently in the cause of our country". "When there were almost no comrades remaining inside our country", he wrote, "it was he alone who stood fast". Phan also described him as being "skillful in dealing with finances and handling the conduct of affairs". On 4 May 1916, Phien and Trần Cao Vân led the abortive rebellion against French Authorities initiated by the Vietnam Restoration League. Both were beheaded on 17 May in An Hoa, Huế.

Nguyễn Khuyến

Nguyễn Khuyến 6 Nguyễn Thắng, pen name Nguyễn Khuyến, was a Vietnamese Ruist scholar, poet and teacher living in the 19th century.

Nguyễn Thị Định

Nguyễn Thị Định 6 Madame Nguyễn Thị Định was the first female general of the Vietnam People's Army during the Vietnam War and the first female Vice President of Vietnam. Her role in the war was as National Liberation Front deputy commander, and was described as "the most important Southern woman revolutionary in the war". Furthermore, she was commander of an all-female force known as the Long-Haired Army, which engaged in espionage and combat against ARVN and US Forces.

Lê Quý Đôn

Lê Quý Đôn 6 Lê Quý Đôn (chữ Hán:, né Lê Danh Phương, on his pen name is Doãn Hậu 允厚, and Quế Đường 桂堂 was an 18th-century Vietnamese poet, encyclopedist, and government official. His pseudonym was Quế - Đường. He was a native of Duyen Ha village in present-day Thái Bình Province. He is considered one of the most outstanding and prolific Vietnamese polymaths of the early modern period.

Nguyễn Thuyên

Nguyễn Thuyên 5 Nguyễn Thuyên or Hàn Thuyên was a 13th-century Vietnamese official and writer. According to Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, in 1282, he composed a piece of writing, throwing it into the Red River to chase away a crocodile, similar to what the Tang dynasty official and writer Han Yu once did. As a result, Emperor Trần Nhân Tông gave him the surname Hàn. He is known as the first one to compose Vietnamese poems in chữ Nôm, although his works did not survive. Following the Chinese model, he divided the six tones of Vietnamese into "flat" (平) and "sharp" (仄), and used this distinction as the metrical foundation of his poems. The poets after him followed this practice.

Vạn Hạnh

Vạn Hạnh 5 Vạn Hạnh was a Vietnamese Thiền Buddhist monk. He was well known as the most important teacher, protector, and supporter of Lý Thái Tổ, the first emperor of the Lý dynasty.

Phan Văn Trị

Phan Văn Trị 5 Phan Văn Trị ; còn gọi là Cử Trị là một nhà thơ Việt Nam trong thời kỳ đầu kháng Pháp của dân tộc Việt.

Nguyễn Văn Trỗi

Nguyễn Văn Trỗi 5 Nguyễn Văn Trỗi was a Vietnamese revolutionary and member of the Việt Cộng. He gained notoriety after being captured by South Vietnamese forces while trying to assassinate United States Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. who were visiting South Vietnam in May 1964.

Hoàng Quốc Việt

Hoàng Quốc Việt 5 Hoàng Quốc Việt (1905–1992) là một chính khách, đảm nhiệm các vai trò Bí thư Tổng bộ Việt Minh, Chủ tịch Tổng Công đoàn Việt Nam, Viện trưởng Viện Kiểm sát Nhân dân Tối cao, Chủ tịch Ủy ban Trung ương Mặt trận Tổ quốc Việt Nam, Bí thư Xứ ủy Bắc Kỳ.

Duy Tân

Duy Tân 5 Emperor Duy Tân, born Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh San, was the 11th emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty in Vietnam, who reigned for nine years between 1907 and 1916.

Cao Văn Thắng

Cao Văn Thắng 5 Cao Thắng was a Vietnamese anticolonial fighter. He was an assistant of Phan Đình Phùng, and was Phan's military coordinator. His forces operated in Thanh Hóa, Nghệ An and Hà Tĩnh provinces. He was killed in battle in 1893.

Lạc Long Quân

Lạc Long Quân 5 Lạc Long Quân is an ancient king of the Hồng Bàng dynasty of ancient Vietnam. Quân was the son of Kinh Dương Vương, the king of Xích Quỷ. He is the main figure in the Vietnamese creation myth of Lạc Long Quân - Âu Cơ.

Hàm Nghi

Hàm Nghi 5 Emperor Hàm Nghi, personal name Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Lịch, also Nguyễn Phúc Minh, was the eighth emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn dynasty. He reigned for only one year (1884–85).

Trần Huy Liệu

Trần Huy Liệu 5 Trần Huy Liệu là một nhà văn, nhà hoạt động cách mạng, nhà sử học, nhà báo Việt Nam. Ông từng giữ nhiều vị trí lãnh đạo cấp cao trong chính phủ đầu tiên của nước Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa. Ông là chủ tịch đầu tiên của Hội Khoa học Lịch sử Việt Nam, Viện sĩ Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học Đông Đức.

Tô Hiến Thành

Tô Hiến Thành 5 Tô Hiến Thành was an official in the royal court of Lý Anh Tông and Lý Cao Tông, the sixth and seventh emperors of the Lý dynasty. Being a capable official of Lý Anh Tông who helped the emperor in civil and military matters, Tô Hiến Thành was chosen by Lý Anh Tông for the regentship of his son Lý Long Trát. He was granted the title Prince and thus became the only possessor of the title who did not come from the Lý royal family. The achievements and loyalty of Tô Hiến Thành to the infant emperor Lý Cao Tông made him a highly praised figure in the history of Vietnam. Today, Tô Hiến Thành is considered one of the most prominent mandarins in the dynastic time of Vietnam.

Võ Văn Tần

Võ Văn Tần 5 Võ Văn Tần was a Vietnamese revolutionary and a senior leader of the Indochina Communist Party during the period 1930-1940. He was executed by French firing squad at the Giồng T-road junction in Hóc Môn District along with Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai and Nguyễn Văn Cừ in August 1941.

Nguyễn Trung Trực

Nguyễn Trung Trực 5 Nguyễn Trung Trực, born Nguyễn Văn Lịch, was a Vietnamese fisherman who organized and led village militia forces which fought against French colonial forces in the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam in the 1860s. He was active in Tân An and Rạch Giá from the initial French invasion until he was captured and executed.

Trần Cao Vân

Trần Cao Vân 4 Trần Cao Vân was a mandarin of the Nguyễn dynasty who was best known for his activities in attempting to expel the French colonial powers in Vietnam. He orchestrated an attempt to expel the French and install Emperor Duy Tân as the boy ruler of an independent Vietnam, but the uprising failed. Vân was executed while Duy Tân was exiled by the French.

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur 4 Louis Pasteur was a French chemist, pharmacist, and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation, and pasteurization, the last of which was named after him. His research in chemistry led to remarkable breakthroughs in the understanding of the causes and preventions of diseases, which laid down the foundations of hygiene, public health and much of modern medicine. Pasteur's works are credited with saving millions of lives through the developments of vaccines for rabies and anthrax. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern bacteriology and has been honored as the "father of bacteriology" and the "father of microbiology".

Trần Nhân Tông

Trần Nhân Tông 4 Trần Nhân Tông, personal name Trần Khâm, temple name Nhân Tông, was the third emperor of the Trần dynasty, reigning over Đại Việt from 1278 to 1293. After ceding the throne to his son Trần Anh Tông, Nhân Tông held the title Emperor Emeritus from 1294 to his death in 1308. During the second and third Mongol invasions of Đại Việt, the Emperor Nhân Tông and his father the Emperor Emeritus Thánh Tông were credited with the decisive victory against the Yuan dynasty and would thenceforth establish a long period of peace and prosperity over the country.

Lê Trọng Tấn

Lê Trọng Tấn 4 General Lê Trọng Tấn was an officer of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) during 1945 to 1986. During this period of his military career, Lê Trọng Tấn held several senior positions of the Army. Lê Trọng Tấn participated in the Viet Minh movement before the August Revolution in 1945 and gradually became one of the most important figures of the Vietnam People's Army during the Second Indochina War. Being one of the key figures of the North Vietnam armed forces in Vietnam War, Lê Trọng Tấn was Deputy Commander of the Viet Cong (VC) and second commander of the 1975 Spring Offensive that effectively ended the war. Afterwards, he became Chief of the General Staff and Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam until his death in December 1986. Lê Trọng Tấn was widely appreciated by his comrades, whom of which include general Võ Nguyên Giáp, as one of the finest commanders of the Vietnam People's Army.

Phan Đăng Lưu

Phan Đăng Lưu 4 Phan Đăng Lưu was a prominent 20th century Vietnamese revolutionary, politician, intellectual and journalist.

Tô Hiệu

Tô Hiệu 4 Tô Hiệu là một nhà cách mạng cộng sản Việt Nam.                                                     

Trần Nguyên Hãn

Trần Nguyên Hãn 4 Trần Nguyên Hãn là nhà quân sự Đại Việt thời Trần - Lê sơ. Ông là người thuộc dòng dõi nhà Trần, nổi bật với việc tham gia khởi nghĩa Lam Sơn do Lê Lợi lãnh đạo chống sự đô hộ của đế quốc Minh. Ông từng giữ chức Tư đồ (1424–1425), Thái úy (1427), chỉ huy các trận đánh giải phóng Tân Bình, Thuận Hóa (1425–1426), bao vây Đông Quan, công phá thành Xương Giang và chặn đường tiếp tế của quân Minh trong Trận Chi Lăng – Xương Giang (1427).

Nguyễn Hữu Thọ

Nguyễn Hữu Thọ 4 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ was a Vietnamese revolutionary and Chairman of Consultative Council of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam from 6 June 1969 to 2 July 1976, and the Chairman of the National Assembly of Vietnam from 4 July 1981 to 18 June 1987.

Xuân Thủy

Xuân Thủy 4 Xuân Thủy was a Vietnamese political figure. He was the Foreign Minister of North Vietnam from 1963 to 1965 and then chief negotiator of the North Vietnamese at the Paris Peace talks.

Dương Đình Nghệ

Dương Đình Nghệ 4 Dương Đình Nghệ was the jiedushi of Tĩnh Hải quân in around 931 AD.                                 

Phạm Hùng

Phạm Hùng 4 Phạm Hùng was a Vietnamese politician and the 2nd Prime Minister of the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam from 1987 to 1988.

Nguyễn Hữu Huân

Nguyễn Hữu Huân 4 Nguyễn Hữu Huân là một sĩ phu yêu nước và là một lãnh tụ khởi nghĩa chống thực dân Pháp ở Nam Kỳ vào nửa cuối thế kỷ 19. Ông được biết nhiều qua biệt danh Thủ khoa Huân.

Tô Ngọc Vân

Tô Ngọc Vân 4 Tô Ngọc Vân, also known as Tô Tử, was a Vietnamese painter. Several of his paintings are being displayed at the Vietnam National Museum of Fine Arts. He taught a resistance art class in the northern zone during the war with the French, and died as the result of injuries received at the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ. He was among the first recipients of the Ho Chi Minh Prize in 1996.

Tạ Quang Bửu

Tạ Quang Bửu 4 Tạ Quang Bửu (1910–1986) là giáo sư, nhà khoa học Việt Nam, người đặt nền móng cho lĩnh vực khoa học kỹ thuật và công nghệ quân sự Việt Nam, nguyên Bộ trưởng Bộ Quốc phòng và Bộ Đại học và Trung học Chuyên nghiệp của Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa, đại biểu Quốc hội từ khóa I đến khóa VI (1946–1981). Giáo sư Tạ Quang Bửu là một trong những nhà trí thức tài giỏi của Việt Nam từ khi giành độc lập năm 1945. Ông đã cống hiến rất nhiều cho sự nghiệp cách mạng và giải phóng dân tộc cũng như nền khoa học nước nhà và góp phần không nhỏ trong sự nghiệp phát triển giáo dục Việt Nam.

Hải Thượng Lãn Ông

Hải Thượng Lãn Ông 4 Lê Hữu Trác or alias Hải Thượng Lãn Ông (海上懶翁), was an 18th-century Vietnamese physician who was the best known and most celebrated doctor in Vietnamese history. Hữu Trác was conscripted into the army in 1740 at the age of sixteen. In 1746 he withdrew from the army after his eldest brother died and lived in Hương Sơn District with his elderly mother. His own son died in a smallpox epidemic in 1758 when he was five years old. He then spent the next fifteen years learning medicine, with a particular focus on curing smallpox. He traveled to Đông Kinh in 1782, by order of lord Trịnh Sâm, to treat the Crown Prince.

Lê Lai

Lê Lai 4 Lê Lai was a subordinate commander of Lê Lợi's army during the Lam Sơn uprising against Ming Rule in Vietnam from 1418 to 1427. He is known for sacrificing himself to help Lê Lợi and the Vietnamese army escape from the Ming's blockade, a story that was later known as "Le Lai rescues the Lord".

Xuân Diệu

Xuân Diệu 4 Ngô Xuân Diệu was a Vietnamese poet, journalist, short-story writer, and literary critic, best known as one of the prominent figures of the twentieth-century Thơ mới Movement. Heralded by critics as "the newest of the New Poets", Xuân Diệu rose to popularity with the collection Thơ thơ (1938), which demonstrates a distinct voice influenced by Western literature, notably French symbolism. Between 1936 and 1944, his poetry was characterized by a desperation for love, juxtaposed with a desire to live and to experience the beauty of the world. After joining the Vietnamese Communist Party in 1945, the themes of his works shifted towards the Party and their resistance against the French and the Americans. When he died in 1985, he left behind about 450 poems, as well as several short stories, essays, and literary criticisms.

Tô Vĩnh Diện

Tô Vĩnh Diện 4 Tô Vĩnh Diện was a soldier in the Việt Minh during the First Indochina War against France in Vietnam. Dien was proclaimed a national hero by the Việt Minh after his death in the period leading up to the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.

Tran Bach Dang

Tran Bach Dang 4 Trần Bạch Đằng was a key figure in planning the 1968 Tet Offensive during the Vietnam War, and was the leader of Communist forces in Saigon, the South Vietnamese capital, during that offensive. He was the leading Communist political officer in Saigon and a member of the National Liberation Front Central Committee.

Nguyễn Thị Thập

Nguyễn Thị Thập 4 Nguyễn Thị Thập was a Vietnamese revolutionary and politician. She was a deputy to the National Assembly and President of the Vietnam Women's Union, the oldest (1956–1974). She is also the first woman State Vietnam awarded the Gold Star Medal in 1985.

Đội Cấn

Đội Cấn 4 Đội Cấn, hay Ông Đội Cấn là biệt danh của Trịnh Văn Cấn, một thủ lĩnh trong cuộc binh biến chống chính quyền thực dân Pháp tại Thái Nguyên năm 1917.

Nguyễn Duy Trinh

Nguyễn Duy Trinh 4 Nguyễn Duy Trinh là một chính khách Việt Nam. Ông nguyên là Ủy viên Bộ Chính trị, Bí thư Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, Ủy viên Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, Phó Thủ tướng Chính phủ, Bộ trưởng Bộ Ngoại giao nước Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa sau đó là Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam. Ngoài ra, ông còn được biết đến với vai trò là người đại diện cho phái đoàn Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa đặt bút ký kết Hiệp định Paris 1973.

N'Trang Lơng

N'Trang Lơng 4 N'Trang Lơng là tù trưởng người dân tộc M'Nông, nổi dậy kháng chiến chống Pháp ở Nam Tây Nguyên suốt 24 năm đầu thế kỷ 20 (1911-1935).

Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm

Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm 4 Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm was a Vietnamese administrator, confucianist, poet, prophet and later a saint of the Cao Dai religion and of the new religious movement known as School of Teaching Goodness.

Nguyễn Khánh Toàn

Nguyễn Khánh Toàn 3 Giáo sư, Viện sĩ Nguyễn Khánh Toàn (1905-1993) là một nhà giáo, nhà khoa học Việt Nam. Ông đã đóng góp nhiều công sức xây dựng nền Giáo dục Việt Nam và nền Khoa học Xã hội Việt Nam từ sau Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945 đến năm 1982.

Cao Bá Quát

Cao Bá Quát 3 Cao Bá Quát was a Vietnamese poet and revolutionary who led a peasant uprising against Emperor Tự Đức. He was either executed or killed in battle. Many of his poems were destroyed, but about 1400 survive. His poems treat Buddhism sceptically.

Nguyễn Đức Thuận

Nguyễn Đức Thuận 3 Nguyễn Đức Thuận có tên khai sinh là Bùi Phong Tư là nhà cách mạng Việt Nam, nguyên là Phó Bí thư Xứ ủy Nam Bộ, Ủy viên Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, Chủ tịch Tổng Liên đoàn Lao động Việt Nam kiêm Phó Chủ nhiệm UBKH Nhà nước. Ông là tác giả cuốn Bất khuất, một cuốn tự truyện từng gây tiếng vang ở miền Bắc về "sức chịu đựng kỳ diệu của một người chiến sĩ", suốt 8 năm bị tra tấn dã man vẫn không khuất phục...").

Huỳnh Mẫn Đạt

Huỳnh Mẫn Đạt 3 Huỳnh Mẫn Đạt, còn gọi là Tuần Phủ Đạt, là quan nhà Nguyễn và là nhà thơ ở thế kỷ 19 tại Nam Bộ, Việt Nam.

Huỳnh Tấn Phát

Huỳnh Tấn Phát 3 Huỳnh Tấn Phát was a Vietnamese architect, politician and revolutionary. He was the Prime Minister and de facto leader of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. After unification, Phát became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Construction before serving as Vice President of Vietnam until his death. He is the designer of the flag of the Viet Cong.

Ông Ích Khiêm

Ông Ích Khiêm 3 Ông Ích Khiêm tự Mục Chi, là danh tướng nhà Nguyễn trong lịch sử Việt Nam.                         

Mạc Thị Bưởi

Mạc Thị Bưởi 3 Mạc Thị Bưởi (1927–1951) was one of the people rewarded the title of Hero of the Vietnamese People's Armed Forces in the first time in 1955 by the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. She was born in 1927 in Nam Tân Commune, Nam Sách District, Hải Dương Province.

Nguyễn Xiển

Nguyễn Xiển 3 Nguyễn Xiển (27/7/1907–1997), đồng thời cũng là một chính khách Việt Nam. Ông từng giữ chức vụ Tổng Thư ký Đảng Xã hội Việt Nam (1956–1988) và Phó Chủ tịch Ủy ban Thường vụ Quốc hội Việt Nam.

Nguyễn Kiệm

Nguyễn Kiệm 3 Nguyễn Kiệm (1916-1951) là một nhà cách mạng Việt Nam nửa đầu thế kỷ 20.                           

Đào Duy Anh

Đào Duy Anh 3 Đào Duy Anh was a Vietnamese historian and lexicographer. He was born in Thanh Oai, Hà Tây, now, Hanoi. He was one of the writers associated with the Nhân Văn-Giai Phẩm affair. He was the general editor of what was long regarded as the most scholarly dictionary of Vietnamese, the Pháp-Việt Từ điển. Towards the end of his life he wrote on the earliest archeological evidence for chữ Nôm.

Nguyễn Siêu

Nguyễn Siêu 3 Nguyễn Siêu hiệu Nguyễn Hữu Công (阮右公) là một sứ quân nổi dậy thời loạn 12 sứ quân trong lịch sử Việt Nam thế kỷ 10. Ông vốn là người gốc Trung Hoa, cát cứ ở Thanh Trì để xây dựng lực lượng và trở thành một sứ quân mạnh. Tháng 8 năm 967, Đinh Bộ Lĩnh thống lĩnh quân binh, cử Nguyễn Bặc làm Tiên phong đánh dẹp thế lực cát cứ của ông, tiến thêm một bước trong quá trình thống nhất, lập ra nhà nước Đại Cồ Việt trong lịch sử.

Vũ Tông Phan

Vũ Tông Phan 3 Vũ Tông Phan, tự Hoán Phủ, hiệu Lỗ Am, Đường Xuyên, là danh sĩ, nhà giáo đời nhà Nguyễn.           

Trần Đại Nghĩa

Trần Đại Nghĩa 3 Trần Đại Nghĩa was a Vietnamese scientist, military engineer, and prominent figure in the defense industry of Vietnam. He was a major-general and an academician. He was awarded the Order of Ho Chi Minh and named a Hero of Labor. He was elected as an Academician to the former USSR Academy of Sciences.

Lê Thanh Nghị

Lê Thanh Nghị 3 Lê Thanh Nghị (1911-1989) tên thật là Nguyễn Khắc Xứng, là một chính khách Việt Nam. Ông từng giữ chức Phó Thủ tướng của Việt Nam từ năm 1960 đến 1980, Phó chủ tịch kiêm Tổng thư ký Hội đồng Nhà nước (1982-1986).

Thoại Ngọc Hầu

Thoại Ngọc Hầu 3 Nguyễn Văn Thoại, Marquis of Thoại Ngọc, was a Vietnamese military administrator of the Nguyễn dynasty.

Nguyễn Văn Hưởng (thượng tướng)

Nguyễn Văn Hưởng (thượng tướng) 3 Nguyễn Văn Hưởng là Thượng tướng Công an nhân dân Việt Nam, nguyên Thứ trưởng Bộ Công an, nguyên Tổng cục trưởng Tổng cục An ninh trước khi chuyển sang làm Phái viên Tư vấn cho Thủ tướng Nguyễn Tấn Dũng về an ninh và tôn giáo.

Trần Nhật Duật

Trần Nhật Duật 3 Prince Chiêu Văn Trần Nhật Duật (1255–1330) was the sixth son of Trần Thái Tông, first emperor of Trần Dynasty. Being younger brother of the Emperor Trần Thánh Tông, Trần Nhật Duật was one of the most important figures of Trần family and royal court during the reigns of four successive emperors Thánh Tông, Nhân Tông, Anh Tông and Minh Tông. In the second war of resistance against Mongol invasion, Trần Nhật Duật was the general who commanded Đại Việt army to defeat the navy of Mongol general Sogetu in Battle of Hàm Tử, one of the biggest victories of Trần Dynasty. With his knowledge of numerous foreign languages and cultures, Prince Chiêu Văn was also a prominent diplomat of Trần Dynasty who helped the Emperor to maintain good relations with several ethnic groups in the northwestern region of Đại Việt.

Mai Chí Thọ

Mai Chí Thọ 3 Mai Chí Thọ, tên thật là Phan Đình Đống, bí danh Năm Xuân, Tám Cao, là Đại tướng Công an nhân dân Việt Nam đầu tiên, nguyên Bộ trưởng Bộ Nội vụ từ 1986 đến 1991.

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen 3 Sun Yat-sen was a Chinese revolutionary statesman, physician, and political philosopher who served as the first provisional president of the Republic of China and the first leader of the Kuomintang. He is called the "Father of the Nation" in the present-day Republic of China (Taiwan) and the "Forerunner of the Revolution" in the People's Republic of China for his instrumental role in the overthrowing of the Qing dynasty during the 1911 Revolution. Sun is unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for being widely revered by both the Communist Party in Mainland China and the Kuomintang in Taiwan.

Lương Thế Vinh

Lương Thế Vinh 3 Lương Thế Vinh (1441–1496) was an prominent Vietnamese scholar and mathematician of the fifteenth century.

Ung Văn Khiêm

Ung Văn Khiêm 3 Ung Văn Khiêm (1910–1991) là một nhà cách mạng và chính trị gia người Việt Nam. Ông từng giữ các chức vụ cao cấp trong chính phủ Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa như Bộ trưởng Bộ Ngoại giao từ tháng 2 năm 1961 đến tháng 4 năm 1963, sau đó làm Bộ trưởng Bộ Nội vụ Việt Nam đến năm 1971. Trong thời gian đảm nhận chức vụ này, ông là Ủy viên Ban chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Lao động Việt Nam.

Lê Văn Việt (quân nhân)

Lê Văn Việt (quân nhân) 3 Lê Văn Việt, tức Tư Việt, còn gọi là Nguyễn Văn Hai hay Ba Thợ Mộc, là anh hùng Lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân, đảng viên Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam.

Lý Thánh Tông

Lý Thánh Tông 3 Lý Thánh Tông, personal name Lý Nhật Tôn, temple name Thánh Tông, was the third emperor of the Lý dynasty and the 8th ruler of the Vietnamese kingdom Đại Việt. In his reign, Lý Thánh Tông promoted the agricultural development, reducing some harsh laws and building many Confucianist and Buddhist institutions, most notably the first Temple of Literature in Vietnam (1072). He also fought several successful wars with Champa, resulting in the expansion of Vietnamese territory to the areas which are Quảng Bình Province and Quảng Trị Province today. Chinese sources identify Lý Nhật Tôn as the Viet king that dared to claim imperial status, which for the Chinese was a direct challenge to their view of the world that prelude to the Song-Viet war in 1070s.

Trần Xuân Soạn

Trần Xuân Soạn 3 Trần Xuân Soạn, là tướng nhà Nguyễn trong lịch sử Việt Nam. Đầu tháng 4 năm 1885, thời vua Hàm Nghi, ông cùng tướng Tôn Thất Thuyết đánh Pháp đóng ở đồn Mang Cá trong trận Kinh thành Huế. Sau khi thất bại, ông lãnh nhiệm vụ tổ chức phong trào Cần vương kháng Pháp ở Thanh Hóa.

Quốc Hương

Quốc Hương 3 Quốc Hương là một ca sĩ nhạc đỏ thế hệ đầu tiên. Ông được coi là một trong những giọng ca lớn nhất của nền tân nhạc cách mạng Việt Nam. Ngoài ra Quốc Hương còn là nhạc sĩ với những ca khúc như Tầm Vu, Du kích Long Phú...

Nguyễn Cảnh Chân

Nguyễn Cảnh Chân 3 Nguyễn Cảnh Chân was a prominent general who fought against the Ming dynasty of the Later Trần dynasty. He was born in Ngọc Sơn village, Thanh Chương district, Nghệ An province, Vietnam.

Ngô Đức Kế

Ngô Đức Kế 3 Ngô Đức Kế (1878–1929), courtesy name Tập Xuyên, was a prominent scholar-gentry Vietnamese anti-colonial intellectual in the early 20th century. He was a key member of Duy Tân Hội as well as its public wing Duy Tân Movement, and served 13 years in Côn Đảo Prison for conspiring to overthrow the French protectorate.

Hải Triều

Hải Triều 3 Hai Trieu, real name Nguyen Khoa Van, was a Vietnamese journalist, Marxist theorist, literary critic. He was a pioneering theorist in Vietnam's revolutionary journalism, especially through two debates that resonated greatly in the 1930s: Materialism or idealism and Art for art's sake or Art for humanity's sake.. His writings strongly criticized idealism and romantic literature, away from reality, "art for art's sake", promoting works that are realism or "social realism". at the same time also contributed to popularize Marxism to the public. He is an excellent writer, sensitive not only in literature but also in philosophical and economic issues, international politics.

Hà Huy Tập

Hà Huy Tập 3 Hà Huy Tập was a Vietnamese revolutionary and the third General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV).

Nguyễn Kim

Nguyễn Kim 3 Nguyen Kim was a Vietnamese statesman who was the ancestor of the famous Nguyễn Lords who later ruled south Vietnam. During his rule, the war with the Mạc dynasty started.

Lê Văn Hiến

Lê Văn Hiến 3 Lê Văn Hiến là nhà cách mạng, chính trị gia, nguyên Bộ trưởng Bộ Tài chính và Bộ Lao động Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa, Đại biểu Quốc hội khóa I, II, III. Ông cũng là Đại sứ Đặc mệnh toàn quyền đầu tiên và duy nhất của Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa tại Vương quốc Lào.

Lương Định Của

Lương Định Của 3 Lương Định Của là giáo sư nông học, nhà tạo giống cây trồng, người có đóng góp to lớn cho nền nông nghiệp Việt Nam. Sinh ra tại Sóc Trăng, từ năm 1967-1975, ông là Viện trưởng Viện Cây lương thực và Cây thực phẩm. Ông từng được nhà nước trao tặng danh hiệu Anh hùng Lao động (1967) và Giải thưởng Hồ Chí Minh về khoa học công nghệ đợt 1 năm 1996. Năm 2006, Trung ương Đoàn Thanh niên Cộng sản Hồ Chí Minh đã lập một giải thưởng mang tên ông. Hiện nay còn một số nhầm lẫn trong sách, báo, tên đường phố mang tên ông thành "Lương Đình Của".

Phạm Hữu Lầu

Phạm Hữu Lầu 3 Phạm Hữu Lầu là người đảng viên Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam đầu tiên tại tỉnh Đồng Tháp.                 

Nguyễn Cư Trinh

Nguyễn Cư Trinh 3 Nguyễn Cư Trinh (1716–1767): His original name is Nguyễn Đăng Nghi, Courtesy name is Cư Trinh, [Pen name] are Đạm Am, Đường Qua and Hạo Nhiên, title is Nghi Biểu Hầu (儀表侯), then was given another title Tân Minh Hầu by a King of Nguyễn dynasty. He was a famous General as well as Notable in the age of King Nguyễn Phúc Khoát and King Nguyễn Phúc Thuần. In addition, he made a great contribution to protecting the south border and expanding the border toward the South. He was famous as integrity, loyalty and diploma.

Nguyên Hồng

Nguyên Hồng 3 Nguyên Hồng (1918–1982), tên khai sinh Nguyễn Nguyên Hồng, là một nhà văn, nhà thơ Việt Nam.       

Hoàng Văn Thái

Hoàng Văn Thái 3 Hoàng Văn Thái, born Hoàng Văn Xiêm, was a Vietnamese Army General and a communist political figure. His hometown was Tây An, Tiền Hải District, Thái Bình Province. During the Tết Offensive, he was the highest senior North Vietnamese officer in South Vietnam. He was the first chief of staff of the Vietnam People's Army, and was responsible for key military forces in North Vietnam. He was also Chief of Staff in the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ.

Đặng Thùy Trâm

Đặng Thùy Trâm 3 Đặng Thùy Trâm was a Vietnamese doctor. She worked as a battlefield surgeon for the People's Army of Vietnam and Vietcong during the Vietnam War. Her wartime diaries, which chronicle the last two years of her life, attracted international attention following their publication in 2005.
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